Park Chan-wook

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Park Chan-wook
20130925—Park Chan-wook 박찬욱 Marie Claire Korea photo shoot screenshot (00m01s) (cropped).jpg
Park in 2013
Born (1963-08-23) 23 August 1963 (age 59)
Other namesBakridamae (박리다매)
Alma materSogang University, Seoul, South Korea
Occupation(s)Film director, screenwriter, producer
Years active1992–present
Notable work
Spouse
Kim Eun-hee
(m. 1990)
Children1[1]
AwardsBest Director at the 2022 Cannes Film Festival
HonoursROK Order of Cultural Merit Eun-gwan (2nd Class) ribbon.PNG Eun-gwan Order of Cultural Merit (2022)
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationBak Chanuk
McCune–ReischauerPak Ch'anuk

Park Chan-wook (Korean박찬욱 Korean pronunciation: [pak̚t͡ɕʰanuk̚ ]; born 23 August 1963) is a South Korean film director, screenwriter, producer, and former film critic. He is considered one of the most prominent filmmakers of South Korean cinema as well as world cinema in 21st century.[2] His films have gained notoriety for their cinematography and framing, black humor and often brutal subject matter.[3][4]

Park's first major critical and commercial success came with Joint Security Area (2000) which was the most watched South Korean film at the time. This film helped him to secure more creative freedom and his next were Sympathy for Mr. Vengeance (2002) and Oldboy (2003) which received widespread critical acclaim worldwide and also won Grand Prix prize at Cannes Film Festival. Lady Vengeance (2005), another film in the unofficial The Vengeance Trilogy, also received critical acclaim.

His next psychological thriller The Handmaiden (2016) premiered in competition to rave reviews at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival, nominated for Palme d'Or and Queer Palm and won the Vulcain Prize for the Technical Arts, the film saw critical and commercial success in several countries, including South Korea, the United States and the United Kingdom.[5] It also won the category of Best Film Not in the English Language. For Decision to Leave (2022), Park won Best Director at the 2022 Cannes Film Festival[6] and the film was selected to compete for the Palme d'Or.[7]

He is also known for Thirst (2009) and English-language works Stoker (2013) and The Little Drummer Girl (2018), a television miniseries based on the novel of the same name by John le Carré.

Early life[edit]

Park was born and raised in Seoul[8] and studied philosophy at Sogang University, where, in light of his disappointment with the analytic orientation of the department and consequent scant offerings in aesthetics, he started a cinema club, the 'Sogang Film Community', and published a number of articles on contemporary cinema. Originally intending to be an art critic, Park, upon seeing Vertigo, resolved to become a filmmaker.[9] After graduation, he wrote articles on film for journals and soon became an assistant director of films like Kkamdong, directed by Yu Yeong-jin, and Watercolor Painting in a Rainy Day, directed by Kwak Jae-yong (My Sassy Girl).[10]

Career[edit]

Park's debut feature film was The Moon Is... the Sun's Dream (1992). After five years, he made his second film, Trio. Park's early films were not successful at the box office, and he pursued a career as a film critic to make a living.[11] In an interview in 2017, he said "Many people know my directorial debut film is JSA, but I want to keep it that way".[12]

In 2000, Park directed Joint Security Area, which was a great success both commercially and critically, even surpassing Kang Je-gyu's Shiri as the then most-watched film ever made in South Korea.[13] This success made it possible for Park to make his next film more independently. Sympathy for Mr. Vengeance is the result of this creative freedom.

Park's unofficially-titled Vengeance Trilogy consists of Sympathy for Mr. Vengeance (2002), Oldboy (2003) and Lady Vengeance (2005). It was not originally intended to be a trilogy. Park won the Grand Prix at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival for Oldboy. The films concern the utter futility of vengeance and how it wreaks havoc on the lives of those involved.[14] Lady Vengeance was distributed by Tartan Films for the United States theatrical release in April 2006.[15] American director Quentin Tarantino is an avowed fan of Park. As the head judge at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival, he personally pushed for Park's Oldboy to be awarded the Palme d'Or (the honour eventually went to Michael Moore's Fahrenheit 9/11).[16] Oldboy garnered the Grand Prix, Cannes's second-highest honour. Tarantino also regards Park's Joint Security Area to be one of "the top twenty films made since 1992."

In a May 2004 interview with The Hollywood Reporter, Park listed Sophocles, Shakespeare, Kafka, Dostoevsky, Balzac and Kurt Vonnegut as influences on his career.[9]

Since 2004, Park has been an owner of the filmmaking company Moho Film, which participated in the production of Snowpiercer (2013) and The Handmaiden (2016).

In 2006, Park was the member of official section jury at the 63rd Venice International Film Festival.

In February 2007, Park won the Alfred Bauer Prize at the 57th Berlin International Film Festival. The award, named after the festival's founder and in praise of works that introduce new perspectives, went to Park for his film, I'm a Cyborg, But That's OK.[17]

Park at the Festival Internacional de Cinema de Catalunya 2009

In 2009, Park directed the vampire film Thirst, starring Song Kang-ho, which won the Prix du Jury (alongside Fish Tank, directed by Andrea Arnold) at the 2009 Cannes Film Festival. He considered directing Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy but ultimately turned it down.[18]

In 2011, Park said his new fantasy-horror film Paranmanjang (Night Fishing) was shot entirely on the iPhone.[19] The film was co-directed with Park's younger brother, Park Chan-kyong, who had no prior directing experience. It was nominated for Berlinale Shorts during the 2011 Berlin Film Festival and won the Golden Bear for Best Short Film.

In 2013, Park directed his first English-language film, Stoker.[20] He said he learned to accelerate the production process and completed filming in 480 hours.[18] Although Park does speak English, he used an interpreter on set.[18] On why the script attracted his attention, Park said: "It wasn't a script that tried to explain everything and left many things as questions, so it leads the audience to find answers for themselves, and that's what I liked about the script... I like telling big stories through small, artificially created worlds".[21][18] On 2 March 2013, Park appeared on a panel discussion about the film Stoker held at the Freer Gallery of Art in the Smithsonian's Museums of Asian Art.[22]

In 2014, Park directed a short film commissioned by luxury brand Ermenegildo Zegna, co-written by himself, Ayako Fujitani, Chung Chung-hoon and Michael Werwie, scored by Clint Mansell, and starring Jack Huston and Daniel Wu. It screened at the Rome International Film Festival and the Busan International Film Festival.[23]

Park presenting The Handmaiden at the 2016 Lumière Film Festival

In September 2014, it was announced that Park would adapt Fingersmith, a historical crime novel by Sarah Waters.[24] The film entered production in mid-2015 and ended on 31 October 2015.[25] That film ended up becoming The Handmaiden and premiered in competition to rave reviews at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival, where Artistic Director Seong-hie Ryu won the Vulcain Prize for the Technical Arts, and the film was nominated for both the Palme d' Or and Queer Palm. At the 2016 Buil Film Awards, The Handmaiden won for Best New Actress (Tae-ri Kim), The Buil Readers' Jury Award and Best Art Direction (Seong-hie Ryu).[26] The film holds a 95% rating on Rotten Tomatoes, and saw box office success in several countries, including South Korea, the United States and the United Kingdom.[27][28]

In October 2014, it was announced that Park had signed on to direct the sci-fi body-swap film, Second Born.[29]

In January 2018, it was stated that Park would direct a TV miniseries adaptation of The Little Drummer Girl, a novel by John le Carré. It aired on BBC One in October of that year and stars Michael Shannon, Florence Pugh and Alexander Skarsgård.[30]

At the 24th Busan International Film Festival, Park said that he is writing scripts for feature films, for theater and for TV, including a new installment in the Vengeance Trilogy, and a second adaptation of Donald E. Westlake's novel The Axe.[31]

In May 2020, it was announced that he was working on his next film's screenplay, tentatively titled Heeojil gyeolsim (The Decision to Break Up). It is described as a melodrama and will star Tang Wei and Park Hae-il.[32][33] In October 2020, the title of the film was revealed as Decision to Leave, with the story described as a murder mystery romance. The film was set to begin shooting later that month.[34][35] In April 2021, A24 optioned Viet Thanh Nguyen's 2015 novel The Sympathizer for a TV adaptation, with Park Chan-wook directing.[36][37] He was awarded Best Director at the 2022 Cannes Film Festival for his work on Decision to Leave.[38][39]

Personal life[edit]

Park was raised in a devout Catholic family in Korea, and describes himself as an atheist.[40][41] He has collaborated with his younger brother, Park Chan-kyong, who is a media artist. He dedicated his career tribute to his wife Kim Eun-Hee at the 15th Marrakech International Film Festival.[40] He voiced support for the Democratic Labor Party and was also a member of its successor, the New Progressive Party. He supported Justice Party candidate Sim Sang-jung in the 2017 South Korean presidential election.[42]

Filmography[edit]

Source: Korean Movie Database[43]

Feature films[edit]

Year Film Credited as
Director Writer Producer
1992 The Moon Is... the Sun's Dream Yes Yes No
1997 Trio Yes Yes No
2000 Anarchists No Yes No
Joint Security Area Yes Yes No
2001 The Humanist No Yes No
2002 Sympathy for Mr. Vengeance Yes Yes No
A Bizarre Love Triangle No Yes No
2003 Oldboy Yes Yes No
2005 Sympathy for Lady Vengeance Yes Yes No
Boy Goes to Heaven No Yes No
2006 I'm a Cyborg, But That's OK Yes Yes Yes
2008 Crush and Blush No Yes Yes
2009 Thirst Yes Yes Yes
2013 Stoker Yes No No
Snowpiercer No No Yes
2016 The Handmaiden Yes Yes Yes
The Truth Beneath No Yes No
2022 Decision to Leave Yes Yes Yes

Television[edit]

Year Title Credited as Notes
Director Producer
2018 The Little Drummer Girl Yes Executive 6 episodes
2020–present Snowpiercer No Executive 20 episodes
TBA The Sympathizer Yes TBA Also co-writer

Short films[edit]

Year Film Segment Credited as
Director Writer Producer
1999 Judgment Yes Yes Yes
2003 If You Were Me Never Ending Peace And Love Yes Yes No
2004 Three... Extremes Cut Yes Yes No
2011 Night Fishing Yes[a] Yes Yes
60 Seconds of Solitude in Year Zero Cut Yes Yes No
2012 Day Trip Yes[a] Yes No
2013 V (music video for Lee Jung-hyun) Yes[a] Yes No
2014 A Rose Reborn (for Ermenegildo Zegna) Yes Yes No
2017 Decades Apart Yes[a] Yes Yes
2022 Life Is But a Dream[44] Yes Yes[a] No

Bibliography[edit]

  • 2005. Park's Montage (박찬욱의 몽타주). 마음 산책. 299 pages. ISBN 89-89351-81-2.[45][46]
  • 2005. Park's Hommage (박찬욱의 오마주). 마음 산책. 528 pages. ISBN 89-89351-82-0.[47][48]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Park is a recipient of the Bogwan Order of Cultural Merit (2004).[49]

Year Award Category Nominated work Result Ref.
2001 Berlin International Film Festival Golden Bear Joint Security Area Nominated [50]
Blue Dragon Film Awards Best Film Won
Best Director Won
Blue Ribbon Awards Best Foreign Film Won
Grand Bell Awards Best Film Won
2002 Blue Dragon Film Awards Best Film Sympathy for Mr. Vengeance Nominated
Best Director Nominated
Busan Film Critics Awards Best Film Won
Best Director Won
2003 Blue Dragon Film Awards Best Film Oldboy Nominated
Best Director Won
2004 British Independent Film Awards Best Foreign Independent Film Won
Grand Bell Awards Best Film Nominated [51]
Best Director Won
Best Adapted Screenplay Nominated
Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or Nominated [52]
Grand Prix Won
European Film Awards Best Non-European Film Nominated [53]
2005 Critics' Choice Movie Awards Best Foreign Language Film Nominated [54]
Austin Film Critics Association Awards Best Foreigh Language Film Won
Venice International Film Festival Golden Lion Lady Vengeance Nominated [55]
Blue Dragon Film Awards Best Film Won [56]
Best Director Nominated
European Film Awards Screen International Nominated [57]
2006 Grand Bell Awards Best Film Nominated [58]
Best Director Nominated
2007 Berlin International Film Festival Golden Bear I'm a Cyborg, But That's OK Nominated [59]
Alfred Bauer Prize Won
2009 Saturn Awards Best International Film Thirst Nominated
Blue Dragon Film Awards Best Film Nominated [60]
Best Director Nominated
Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or Nominated [61]
Jury Prize Won
2011 Berlin International Film Festival Short Film Golden Bear (shared with Chan-kyong Park) Night Fishing Won [62]
2013 Saturn Awards Best International Film Stoker Nominated [63]
2016 Austin Film Critics Association Awards Best Film The Handmaiden Nominated [64]
Best Director Nominated
Best Adapted Screenplay (shared with Jeong Seo-kyeong) Nominated
Best Foreign Language Film Won
Blue Dragon Film Awards Best Film Nominated [65]
Best Director Nominated
Boston Society of Film Critics Awards Best Foreign Language Film Won [66]
Buil Film Awards Best Film Nominated [67]
Best Director Nominated
Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or Nominated [68]
Queer Palm Nominated
Chicago Film Critics Association Awards Best Film Nominated [69]
Best Director Nominated
Best Adapted Screenplay (shared with Jeong Seo-kyeong) Won
Best Foreign Language Film Won
Critics' Choice Awards Best Foreign Language Film Nominated [70]
Dallas–Fort Worth Film Critics Association Awards Best Foreign Language Film Won [71]
Houston Film Critics Society Best Picture Nominated [72]
Best Foreign Language Film Won
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards Best Foreign Language Film Won [73]
National Society of Film Critics Best Foreign Language Film 2nd Place [74]
Online Film Critics Society Best Picture Nominated [75]
Best Foreign Language Film Won
San Diego Film Critics Society Best Foreign Language Film Nominated [76][77]
San Francisco Film Critics Circle Best Adapted Screenplay (shared with Chung Seo-kyung) Nominated [78]
Best Foreign Language Film Won
St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association Best Foreign Language Film Runner-up [79]
Toronto Film Critics Association Best Foreign Language Film Runner-up [80]
Vancouver Film Critics Circle Best Foreign Language Film Nominated [81]
Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Best Foreign Language Film Nominated [82]
2017 Asian Film Awards Best Screenplay (shared with Chung Seo-kyung) Nominated [83]
Baeksang Arts Awards Grand Prize Won [84][85]
Best Film Nominated
Best Director Nominated
Best Screenplay (shared with Chung Seo-kyung) Nominated
Satellite Awards Best Foreign Language Film Nominated [86]
Saturn Awards Best International Film Won [87]
2018 British Academy Film Awards Best Film Not in the English Language Won [88]
2022 Blue Dragon Film Awards Best Film Decision to Leave Won [89]
Best Director Won
Best Screenplay (shared with Chung Seo-kyung) Won
British Independent Film Awards Best International Independent Film Nominated [90]
Buil Film Awards Best Film Won [91]
Best Director Nominated
Best Screenplay (shared with Chung Seo-kyung) Nominated
Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or Nominated [92][93]
Best Director Won
Chunsa Film Art Awards Best Screenplay (shared with Chung Seo-kyung) Nominated [94][95]
Best Director Won
Critics Choice Awards
Asian Pacific Cinema & Television
Director Award Won [96]
Gotham Independent Film Awards Best International Feature Nominated [97]
Grand Bell Awards Best Film Won [98]
Best Director Nominated
Best Screenplay (shared with Chung Seo-kyung) Won
Korean Association of Film Critics Awards Best Film Won [99]
Best Director Won
Best Screenplay (shared with Chung Seo-kyung) Won
LACMA Art + Film Gala Art+Film Gala Won [100]
Satellite Awards Best Motion Picture – International Pending [101]
2023 Visionary Awards[b] 2023 Visionary Park Chan-wook Won [103]
Asian Film Awards Best Director Decision to Leave Pending [104]

State honors[edit]

Name of country, year given, and name of honor
Country Year Honor Or Award Ref.
South Korea[c] 2022 Order of Cultural Merit, 2nd Class [108]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e With his brother Park Chan-kyong.
  2. ^ Visionary Awards, which started in 2020, selects and awards people who lead roles in the Korean entertainment industry. It highlights the meaning and achievements of a person whose chosen trend keywords penetrated the entertainment industry, including broadcasting, movies, music, and performances, and presents the next vision of the cultural sector with outstanding achievements and influence.[102]
  3. ^ Honors are given at the Korean Popular Culture and Arts Awards, arranged by the Korea Creative Content Agency and hosted by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism.[105][106] They are awarded to those who have contributed to the arts and South Korea's pop culture.[107]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ Chee, Alexander (16 October 2017). "Park Chan-wook, the Man Who Put Korean Cinema on the Map". The New York Times.
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  8. ^ Chan-wook, Park. (10 December 2005). Park's Montage (essay). 마음 산책. "Introduction about the author, and the prologue". ISBN 89-89351-81-2.
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