November 20, 1948|
Daegu, South Korea
|Died||February 19, 2013
Yongin, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
|Occupation||Film director, Screenwriter, Producer, Actor|
|Years active||1978 – 2013|
|Revised Romanization||Bak Cheol-su|
Park Chul-soo (November 20, 1948 – February 19, 2013) was a South Korean film director, producer, screenwriter and occasional actor. He was one of the most active filmmakers in Korean cinema in the 1980s and '90s.
Park Chul-soo was born in Daegu, South Korea. After graduating from Daegu Commercial High School, Park studied Economics on scholarship at Sungkyunkwan University. After graduation, he briefly worked as a teacher in his hometown, Daegu.
He began his film career as a crew member for Shin Film before making his directorial debut in 1978 with Captain of the Alley, which opened to a lukewarm reception. But success came his way through his second film released the following year, The Rain that Falls Every Night, a story about a woman who falls in love with a boxer who raped her. Sentimental and sophisticated melodramas were the mainstay films during this period of his career. His 1985 thriller Mother, featuring star actress Youn Yuh-jung in the role of a mother on a killing spree after her college student daughter is raped and commits suicide, is still considered as Korean cinema’s definitive work in the rape-revenge genre that was popular in the 1970s and '80s. It won several categories at the Grand Bell Awards that year, including best film. Women, sex and repressed urbanites continued to be main themes of Park's movies throughout his career, although his style of expression frequently altered between outrageous and subtle.
A major change in his artistic approach came with his 1995 cult hit 301, 302 which tells the story of two women who share the same apartment building but take very different approaches to food, sex, and the challenges of modern life. Park was arguably the first filmmaker to popularize South Korean cinema internationally when the film became one of the first contemporary Korean films to be released theatrically in North America.
His 1996 work Farewell My Darling was shot mostly with hand-held cameras and remains his most critically acclaimed work. It portrays a family's experience as they hold a traditional three-day funeral for an elderly man killed after falling off a bicycle. It was renowned overseas and on the festival circuit, and received the Best Artistic Contribution Award at that year's Montreal Film Festival. Push! Push! (1997) continued Park's attempts at experimentation. His 1998 film Kazoku Cinema was adapted from the novel by Korean-Japanese writer Miri Yu, cast Japanese actors and was shot in Japanese.
After a prolonged absence from the industry, he returned to directing in the early 2000s with controversial, erotic dramas, most notably the explicit Green Chair (2003), which was inspired by the real-life affair between a high school boy and a woman in her 30s. Green Chair competed at the 2005 Sundance Film Festival and played in the Panorama of the 2005 Berlin International Film Festival. He also shot low-budget dramas about a man's relationship to sex, including Red Vacance Black Wedding (2011) and B-E-D (2013).
Increasingly an outsider of the orthodox South Korean film industry, he was a strong supporter of the Puchon International Fantastic Film Festival, despite threats to his own professional career. In its early days, PiFan was boycotted by much of the local film industry and Korean academics.
Park was crossing a street in the city of Yongin on February 19, 2013 when he was hit by a man driving under the influence. At the time of his death, Park had just contributed the short film Illusion (Hangul: 미몽) to the omnibus A Journey with Korean Masters, and was completing post-production on a new film titled Love Conceptually.
His last feature film Eating, Talking, Faucking was released posthumously in March 2013.
- A Journey with Korean Masters (마스터 클래스의 산책 Maseuteo Keullaeseueui San-chaek), 2013
- Eating, Talking, Faucking (생생활활 Saengsanghalhal), 2013
- B-E-D (베드 Bedeu), 2013
- Red Vacance Black Wedding (붉은 바캉스 검은 웨딩 Bulgeun Bakangseu Geomeun Weding), 2011
- Green Chair (녹색 의자 Noksaeg Uija), 2003
- Bongja (봉자 Bongja), 2000
- Kazoku Cinema (가족 시네마 Gajok Cinema), 1998
- Push! Push! (산부인과 Sanbu-ingwa), 1997
- Seven Reasons Why Beer Is Better Than a Lover (맥주가 애인보다 좋은 일곱가지 이유 Maegjuga ae-inboda Joh-eun 7gaji i-yu), 1996
- Farewell My Darling (학생부군신위 Hagsaengbugunsin-wi), 1996
- 301, 302 (삼공일 삼공이 Samgong-il samgong-i), 1995
- Sado Sade Impotence (우리 시대의 사랑 Ulisidae-ui sarang), 1994
- Flower in Snow (눈꽃 Nunkkot), 1992
- Seoul Evita (서울, 에비타 Seo-ul-ebita), 1991
- Theresa's Lover (테레사의 연인 Theresa-ui yeon-in), 1991
- Ose-am Temple (오세암 Oseam), 1990
- The Woman Who Walks on Water (물 위를 걷는 여자 Mul-wileul geodneun yeoja), 1990
- Today's Woman (오늘 여자 Oneul yeoja), 1989
- You My Rose Mellow (접시꽃 당신 Jeobsikkot dangsin), 1988
- Hello Im Kuk-jeong by Pak Cheol-su (Bak Cheol-Su-ui helro Im Kkeok-Jeong), 1987
- Pillar of Mist (안개기둥 Angaegidung), 1986
- Mother (어미 Eomi), 1985
- Tinker Wife (Ttamjang-i a-nae), 1983
- Stray Dog (Deulgae), 1982
- Is There a Girl Like Her? (Ileon yeoja eobsna-yo), 1981
- Painful Maturity (아픈 성숙 Apeun seongsuk), 1980
- The Rain that Falls Every Night (밤이면 내리는 비 Bam-imyeon naelineun bi), 1979
- Captain of the Alley (Golmogdaejang), 1978
- 1996 32nd Baeksang Arts Awards: Best Film and Best Director for Farewell My Darling
- 1994 18th Golden Cinematography Awards: Best Director for Sado Sade Impotence
- 1988 24th Baeksang Arts Awards: Best Director for You My Rose Mellow
- 1980 16th Baeksang Arts Awards: Best New Director for The Rain that Falls Every Night
- Hartzell, Adam (26 April 2005). "An Interview with Park Chul-soo". Koreanfilm.org. Retrieved 2013-02-28.
- "Park Chul-soo (박철수)". KMDb (in Korean). Retrieved 2009-04-23.
- Conran, Pierce (19 February 2013). "Veteran Filmmaker PARK Chul-soo Dies Aged 64". Korean Film Council. Retrieved 2013-02-24.
- Kim, Tong-hyung (20 February 2013). "Veteran director Park killed by drunk driver". The Korea Times. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
- Cremin, Stephen; Frater, Patrick (20 February 2013). "Park Chul-soo (1948-2013)". Film Business Asia. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
- Lee, Hyo-won (20 February 2013). "South Korean Director Park Chul-soo Dies in Car Accident". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
- Kim, Hyun-min (18 March 2013). ""PARK Pulled Off Many Extraordinary Feats for Korean Film World": Memorial Service for PARK Chul-soo Held". Korean Film Council. Retrieved 2013-03-20.
- Kim, Hyun-min (22 March 2013). "Honest and Exceptional Experience - Eating Talking Faucking". Korean Film Council. Retrieved 2013-03-22.