Park Seo-bo

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Park Seo-bo
Park Seo-Bo working at his studio 2019.jpg
Par Seo-Bo, 88 years old, still working at his studio in Yonhee-Dong, Seoul in 2019
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationBak Seo-bo
McCune–ReischauerPak Sŏ-bo

Park Seo-bo (also known as Korean: 박서보, Park Seo-Bo or Seo-Bo Park) is a Korean painter, part of the first generation of modern artists in South Korea. He has been a prolific painter well known for his 'French: Ecriture' paintings, and has been one of the most influential figures in modern Korean art history. He is now widely considered the godfather of Dansaekhwa originated in South Korea in 1970s.

Life[1][edit]

Early life[edit]

Seo-bo was born as the third son of 8 children in Yecheon County of North Gyeongsang, Chōsen in Japanese occupied South Korea on November 15, 1931. He was originally named Jae Hong Park. The name Seo-bo has been used since 1955 as a pseudonym to avoid forced conscription. Around in 1940, his family moved from Yecheon to Anseong in Gyeonggi Province where his father Jae Hoon Park started to work as a local solicitor at his own house. They lived comfortably in a big house. From childhood, Seo-bo loved drawing. He spent his time for copying great pieces of oriental painting by the great living Korean artists. Although his father wanted him to study law, Seo-bo insisted on his pursuing art. In spite of his father's opposition, he entered Hongik University to study oriental painting under the lead of Yi Eungro.

Korean War[edit]

Park Seo-Bo in his junior year at Hongik University in 1953 right after the ceasefire agreement of Korean War.

However, his happy freshman year was interrupted by the outburst of Korean War. He narrowly survived the war time chaos, experiencing his father's abrupt death, drafts both by North Korean and South Korean forces and long winter evacuating on foot from his hometown Anseong to Masan. Seo-bo barely managed to go back to school in 1952. Hongik University temporarily moved to Busan during the war time. He enrolled for the second year and changed his major to western painting because his professors of oriental painting were all gone. He learned painting from scratch under the lead of Whanki Kim for 3 more years and graduated in 1955. Although the ceasefire was announced in 1953, the whole country were suffering from poverty and immorality. There were competition between refugees, widows and orphans for food and money. Seo-bo was not different with them. He earned his school expenses by selling portraits to US soldiers on streets and restaurants. He slept in an empty classroom of the school and missed meals until someone is willing to buy one for him. He did paintings or drawings with the last drops of oil paint tubes and little pieces of charcoal which his classmates discarded and sometimes even with soy sauce he stole from a restaurant. He though there were nobody to rely on in the world. He worked harder and harder for future success.

Art group activities[edit]

However, he became a fugitive. Although he completed his military service at Corps of Military Staff Clerks during the last semester, the government of Syngman Rhee broke its promise to let the Korean Army conscript the male graduates at the graduation ceremony. Informed by his friends at other universities, Seo-bo didn't go to the ceremony and ran away right away. He went to his friend with great knowledge about Chinese classics to ask to make up new name for him. From that time on, Seo-bo pretended to be in his late 30s, wearing a fedora with mustache and was called the pseudonym. He even brought his best friend Kim Tschang-yeul as a bodyguard on his honeymoon trip along with his bride because he was a police man.

1958 Park Seo-Bo with his colleagues at the 3rd Contemporary Exhibition of Hyun-Dai Artists Association in Seoul, South Korea in 1958

He received a prize at the Korean National Art Exhibition in 1954 as a student and again in 1955. However, the National Art Exhibition had been never free of troubles since it was established in 1949. Seo-bo declared objection to the National Art Exhibition with three of his school friends and opened their own group exhibition in 1956. That caught public attention and the newspapers spotlighted the young artists' defiance. From 1957 to 1960, Seo-bo participated in group exhibitions of Hyun-Dai Artists Association where he became close with Kim Tschang-yeul. The Hyun-Dae Artists Association is well known for initiating Informel for the first time in Korea.

Marriage and Job[edit]

Park Seo-Bo stands in front of his painting Original Sin(Péché originel) at the group exhibition of the Young Painters of the World in Paris.

He got married in 1958 and became a father to his first son Seung-jo in 1959. He didn't get a proper job because he was a wanted draft evader. It was the time when modern paintings didn't sell. His wife and child were suffering in poverty. Seo-bo needed a break-through in his life. That's why he left for Paris without hesitance when he was selected as a national representative young artist for the Young Painters of the World in Paris in 1961. It was a residency program organized by the French National Committee of International Association of Art with support of UNESCO. When he came back from Paris to Seoul, he started teaching at Hongik University, Seoul. However, he became a scapegoat in dynamics between professors and the private school foundation, which led to his resignation. Ouf of work, he stayed at home and happened to discover his life-long topic of resignation and self-discipline while observing his 3-year-old second son, Seung-ho. Since 1967, Seo-bo made an attempt on his first work of his signature style "Ecriture." In 1970, he was called back to professorship at Hongik University and served for education until he retired in 1997. He was the dean of Graduate School of Fine Arts, Hong-Ik University from 1985 to 1986 and the dean of College of Fine Arts from 1986 to 1990. He received an honorary doctorate from the same University in 2000.

Birth of Ecriture and Contemporary Art Movement[edit]

In addition to his commitment to education, he also worked hard for the Federation of Artistic & Cultural Organization of Korea for 10 years in 1970s and held the post of chairman from 1977 to 1980. He organized new forms of exhibition such as "Ecole de Séoul"(1975~1999) and "Indépendants"(1973~1980) and Contemporary Art Festivals at each local cities. When he failed the election for a second term in office, he completely concentrated himself to painting in his new studio in Anseong he built in 1981. There he came across to the Korean paper "Hanji" and his "Ecriture" transformed. Art historians agree to divide his Eciture series into three phases of initial stage, middle stage and last stage. "Ecriture" with Hanji appear both at the middle stage and the last stage. More than 150 pieces of "Ecriture" on canvas were burnt out at fire accident of his Anseong studio in 1996, which was such a shock to Seo-bo as to stop visiting the studio until his wife sold it in 2006. He had a new studio with a living space built in Sungsan-dong, Mapo-gu, Seoul in 1997 and moved his home to that building in 1999. He was near to death because of myocardial infarction in 1994, and again luckily survived a sudden attack of cerebral infarction in 2009.

Park Seo-Bo and his party of the 1st Ecole de Seoul at the 1st exhibition in 1975.

Late life[edit]

He founded the Seo-bo Art and Cultural Foundation, Seoul in 1994 and had remained its president until his first son took the position in 2014. He had his second retrospective exhibition at National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art in Seoul in 2019. He lives at his new house in Yeonhui-dong, Seoul with his wife and the family of his second son and is still working on paintings to be active against his aging and chronic diseases. He has two sons and one daughter with three grandchildren.

Art[2][edit]

Park's visual language begins with the Korean Civil War in 1950. He had only just entered Hong-Ik University to study art, but instead the interruption of war brought about what one might call a "crash-course". He said many times:

Just imagine, I had to do all the things that Dada did, plus what the post-war abstraction artists did - there are some things you cannot do anything about in life - but I guess it was just my fate.

In a similar vein to Paul Klee's famous words, "The more horrifying this world becomes (as it is these days) the more art becomes abstract", Park turned toward abstraction in the 1950s. None of his works from the early days of his career were preserved, and only a photograph of his work, Sunny Spot (1955) remains. The artwork was part of an infamous exhibition titled Four Artists' Show in May 1956, which was a group exhibition composed of Park, Kim Young Whan, Kim Choong Sun and Moon Woo Shik. The show was a resistance against the old art order in Korea that had its roots since the Japanese colonial days.

Park and his tutelage of artist friends founded Hyundae-Mihyup in 1957. Bang Geun Tack, who will later become a well-known art critic in Korea, recognized Hyundae-Mihyup's art as Informel.

Cheon Seung-Bok, a journalist for the Korean Republic, describes Park's artistic style as such:[3]

In a grammatical sense, I must say that it is hard to call his work painting, for he is a conscious action painter who tackles curious metal and chemical material and not much real paint, which is too dear for him to use. But to say that action painting like his is recondite, and therefore it is not painting, is like saying that advanced mathematics like differential calculus is not in the field of mathematics.

Seo-Bo never buys normal canvases.Instead, he goes out to a scrap shop in an odd corner of the East Gate second-hand market where he picks up a large patch of used tent canvas. This canvas material is usually full of dust and holes but the price is very reasonable for this artist who can hardly sell even one painting a year.

How does he paint a picture? A maggot in his head bites while he rasps dust off the home-made canvas. Then he needles some pieces of used hemp cloth onto the canvas, cements them, pastes copper or bronze powder, burns the surface with a torch lamp, and then corrodes parts of it with chemicals. The result is a complex of material in greyish black, white and on some spots, shimmering red, and this bears an air of mystery that conveys something like the undecipherable signature of a shaman.People complain that paintings like his are hardly understandable.

A painting is silent, but a good painting has compelling voices of silence. With these voices, an action painter must communicate the continuous dichotomy between the desire to give direct expression to a feeling and the desire to create pure harmony, which is a conflict inherent to the development of modern art.

Park went to Paris in 1961 with the intention of staying for a short while, but due to unforeseen circumstances, he ended up living in Paris for over a year. During his time in Paris, his artistic tendency and outlook changed significantly, which ultimately resulted in his exiting the Art Informel scene toward his own artistic formulation, the Primordialis series in 1962. Park's comments on the Parisian art scene was as such:[4]

At the moment, the Parisian art scene is saturated with the Art Informel that was initiated by Michel Tapié. This change is viewed by some artists as the signalling of a re-emergence of figuration, and others even say that the reversion to the figurative art is a due course set in the history of art. I think that they are ridiculing its value. It was a lazy way of acknowledging its value. Yes, it is true that Art Informel has pervaded the art scenery. Supposing that you look at it as a crisis, then this “crisis” stems from the contradiction within the abstractive art, and not from the reappearance of the figurative art. And another indirect reason for the current symptom in the art scene is that many people indiscriminately picked up abstraction.

Toward the end of the 1960s, Park began experimenting in new forms, the Hereditarius series. Oh Kwang Soo, art critic, described his works as such:[5]

At the 13th Contemporary Art Exhibition of Chosun Daily Newspaper, there are several artworks which are difficult to understand at a single glance. ... In Park Seo-bo's work, there is a taxidermic form without the actual human body in casual posture and the image of a emptied human figure on the canvas. The suggestion of these two situations means to convey a condensed happening at a single moment. The gap between the painting on the wall and the posing empty taxidermy signifies the distances (between home and office) and therefore time.

Park Seo-Bo working on a piece of his Ecriture at his Hapjeong-dong studio in 1977.

Then in June 1973 at Tokyo Gallery, Park began his ongoing journey through the Ecriture series. This is what Park said at the time:[6]

I painted nothing, my work had no form, no emphasis, and no ins-and-outs, except for the pure vibration coming out of not doing anything – an action through non-action.[…] Anyone can draw lines, but my lines are the endemic phenomenon which takes place only in me. I feel and reciprocate the resistance of the bouncy canvas,then I feel replete with an impulsive sensation. In this way I keep being gravitated into the canvas. It is similar to cultivating the religious spirit[…]. I started from where there was no form, or no image – where it was impossible to express.

Solo exhibitions[edit]

2019

  • “Retrospective PARK Seo-Bo: The Untiring Endeavorer”, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea.

2018

  • “Park Seo-Bo Ecriture 1967-1976”, White Cube, Hong Kong.
  • Galerie Perrotin, New York, USA.
  • “Pursuit of Inner Self”, Art Issue Projects, Taipei, Taiwan.

2017

  • White Cube, London, UK.

2016

  • “Ecriture 1967-1981”, White Cube, London, UK.
  • Galerie Perrotin, Hong Kong.
  • “Empty the Mind”, Tokyo Gallery+BTAP, Tokyo, Japan.
  • CIGE 2016 (China International Gallery Exposition 2016), Johyun Gallery(Busan), Beijing, China.
  • Tina Kim Gallery, New York, USA.
  • Kintex Spoon Art Show, Keumsan Gallery(Seoul), Kintex, Ilsan, Korea.

2015

  • Galerie Perrotin, New York, USA.
  • Daejeon Museum of Art, Daejeon, Korea.
  • Johyun Gallery, Busan, Korea.
  • “Esquisse-Drawing 1996-2001”, Rho Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

2014

  • Galerie Perrotin, Paris, France.
  • CIGE 2014 (China International Gallery Exposition), Wellside Gallery(Seoul), Beijing, China.
  • G-SEOUL 14 (International Art Fair 2014), Johyun Gallery(Busan), DDP(Dongdaemoon Design Park), Seoul, Korea.

2012

  • Korean Art Show, Wellside Gallery(Seoul), Soho, New York, USA.
  • AHAF (Asia Top Gallery Hotel Art Fair), Keumsan Gallery(Seoul), Mandarin Oriental, Hong Kong.
  • Art Toronto 2012, Wellside Gallery(Seoul), Toronto, Canada.
  • Daegu Art Museum, Daegu, Korea.
  • Gallery Shilla, Daegu, Korea.

2010-2011

  • “Park Seo-Bo, a Forerunner of Korean Avant-Garde: Record of His 60 Years”, Busan Museum of Art, Busan, Korea.
  • Johyun Gallery, Busan, Korea.
  • Kukje Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

2010

  • Art Taipei 2010, Wellside Gallery(Seoul), Taipei, Taiwan.

2009

  • KIAF 2009 (Korea International Art Fair), Wellside Gallery(Seoul), COEX, Seoul, Korea.

2008

  • “Empty the Mind”, Arario Gallery(Seoul), New York, USA.
  • Wellside Gallery, Shanghai, China.
  • CIGE 2008 (China International Gallery Exposition), Wellside Gallery(Seoul), China World Trade Center, Beijing, China.
  • KIAF 2008 (Korea International Art Fair), Wellside Gallery, COEX, Seoul.

2007

  • Arario Gallery, Beijing, China.
  • CIGE 2007 (China International Gallery Exposition 2007), Wellside Gallery(Seoul), China World Trade Center, Beijing, China.
  • KIAF 2007 (Korea International Art Fair), Wellside Gallery, COEX, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Park Seo-Bo’s Today: Playing with Color”, Gyeonggido Museum of Art, Ansan, Korea.

2006-2007

  • Musée D‘art Moderne et Contemporain Saint-Étienne Métropole, Saint-Étienne, France.

2006

  • CIGE 2006 (China International Gallery Exposition), Wellside Gallery(Seoul), China World Trade Center, Beijing, China.
  • KIAF 2006 (Korea International Art Fair), Wellside Gallery, COEX, Seoul, Korea.
  • Johyun Gallery, Busan, Korea.

2005

  • CIGE 2005 (China International Gallery Exposition), Wellside Gallery(Seoul), China World Trade Center, Beijing, China.
  • Shanghai Art Fair 2005, Wellside Gallery(Seoul), Shanghai Mart Hall, Shanghai, China.
  • Wellside Gallery, Boutique Monaco Model House, Seoul, Korea.

2004-2005

  • Gallery Que Sais-Je, Seoul, Korea.

2004

  • CIGE 2004 (China International Gallery Exposition), Wellside Gallery(Seoul), China International Science and Technology Exposition Center, Beijing, China.
  • Seoul Art Exhibition 2004, Wellside Gallery, Seoul Arts Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • MANIF Seoul 2004 (Manifestation D’Art Nouveau International et Forum), Seoul Arts Center, Seoul, Korea.

2003

  • MANIF Seoul 2003 (Manifestation D’Art Nouveau International et Forum), Seoul Arts Center, Seoul, Korea.

2002

  • Melbourne Art Fair 2002, Wellside Gallery(Seoul), Melbourne, Australia.
  • “New Editions”, Remba Gallery, LA, USA.
  • Ace Gallery, LA, USA.
  • Ci-Gong Gallery, Daegu, Korea.
  • Johyun Gallery, Busan, Korea.
  • “Esquisse - Drawing and Painting 1996-2001”, Gallery Sejul, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Ecriture 1967-2001”, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, Korea.
  • Park Ryu Sook Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

2000

  • Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan.
  • MANIF Seoul 2000 (Manifestation D’Art Nouveau International et Forum), Seoul Arts Center, Seoul, Korea.

1999

  • “Drawings and Paintings”, Gallery Shilla, Daegu, Korea.
  • “Ecriture 1975-1999”, Ci-Gong Gallery, Daegu, Korea.
  • “Ecriture 1974-1986”, Johyun Gallery, Busan, Korea.

1998

  • Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan.

1997

  • Ace Gallery, LA, USA.
  • “Prints”, Remba Gallery, LA, USA.
  • Park Ryu Sook Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Prints”, Ci-Gong Gallery, Daegu, Korea.

1996

  • Art Basel ‘96, Park Ryu Sook Gallery(Seoul), Basel, Switzerland.
  • FIAC ‘96, Johyun Gallery(Busan), Espace Eiffel Branly, Paris, France.
  • Johyun Gallery, Busan, Korea.
  • Ci-Gong Gallery, Daegu, Korea.

1994

  • “Prints”, Remba Gallery, LA, USA.
  • Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Galerie Bhak, Seoul, Korea.

1993

  • Art LA ‘93 (International Contemporary Art Fair LA), Gallery World(Busan), Los Angeles Convention Center, LA, USA.
  • NICAF Yokohama ‘93, Sun Gallery(Seoul), Yokohama, Japan.

1991

  • ‘Park, Seo-Bo’s Painting: Its Forty Years’, The National Museum of Modern & Contemporary Art Korea.
  • Duson Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • Gallery World, Busan, Korea.
  • Gallery Kongkan, Busan, Korea.

1989

  • Art LA 89 (International Contemporary Art Fair LA), Jean Gallery(Seoul), Los Angeles Convention Center, LA, USA.

1988

  • Hyundai Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

1987

  • Inkong Gallery, Daegu, Korea.

1986

  • Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan.

1985

  • “Paper Work”, Ina Gallery, Tokyo, Japan.
  • “Paper Work”, Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan.

1983

  • “Paper & Ecriture”, Space Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

1981

  • Hyundai Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

1978

  • Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan.

1976

  • Tong-In Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

1973

  • “Ecriture”, Muramatsu Gallery, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Myungdong Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

1970

  • “Hereditarius”, Seoul Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

1962

  • “Premordialis”, National Central Library Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

Group exhibitions[edit]

2019

  • Taipei Dandai Art & Ideas (Booth E11), Johyun Gallery(Busan), Taipei.
  • The 1st Frize Los Angeles 2019, Kukje Gallery(Seoul), Paramount Pictures Studies, LA, USA.
  • Art Basel Hong Kong 2019, Kukje Gallery(Seoul), White Cube(London), Galerie Perrotin(Paris) & Tokyo Gallery(Tokyo), Hong Kong.
  • “On Art, Economy and Materiality,” Cranbrook Art Museum, Bloomfield Hills, MI, USA.
  • Art Basel 2019, Kukje Gallery(Seoul), White Cube(London), Galerie Perrotin(Paris), Tokyo Gallery(Tokyo), Basel, Switzerland.

2018-2019

  • “Korean Abstract Art: Kim Whanki and Dansaekhwa”, Powerlong Museum, Shanghai, China.

2018

  • “Korea: Five Artists, Five Hinsek <white>”, Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Art Basel ‘18 Hong Kong, Kukje Gallery(Seoul) & Galerie Perrotin(Paris) & Tokyo Gallery+BTAP(Tokyo), Hong Kong.
  • Art Basel ‘18, Kukje Gallery(Seoul) & Galerie Perrotin(Paris) & Tokyo Gallery+BTAP(Tokyo) & Natalie Seroussi(Paris), Basel, Switzerland.
  • Art Basel ‘18 Miami, Kukje Gallery(Seoul) & Galerie Perrotin(Paris), Miami Beach Convention Center, Florida, USA.
  • Frieze Masters 2018, Kukje Gallery, Gloucester Green - Regents Park, London, UK.
  • West Bund Art & Design 2018, Kukje Gallery(Seoul), Shanghai, China.
  • FIAC 2018, Kukje Gallery(Seoul) & Galerie Perrotin(Paris) & White Cube(London), Grand Palais, Paris, France.
  • KIAF ‘18 (Korean International Art Fair), Kukje Gallery(Seoul) & Johyun Gallery(Busan), COEX, Seoul, Korea.

2017

  • “Ism of Dansaek: Korean Abstract” (Held by Tokyo Opera City Cultural Foundation), Tokyo Opera City Art Gallery, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Art Basel ‘17, Kukje Gallery(Seoul) & Galerie Perrotin(Paris), Basel, Switzerland.
  • Art Basel ‘17 Hong Kong, Kukje Gallery(Seoul) & Galerie Perrotin(Paris) & Johyun Gallery(Busan), Hong Kong.
  • Art Basel ‘17 Miami, Kukje Gallery(Seoul) & Tokyo Gallery+BTAP(Tokyo) & Galerie Perrotin(Paris) & White Cube(London), Miami Beach Convention Center, Florida, USA.
  • Special Exhibition Celebrating the 1st Anniversary “His Friends from 1970s to 1980s”, Kim Tschang-Yeul Art Museum-Jeju, Jeju, Korea.

2016

  • “KM 9346 La Création Artistique Coréenne S’invite en Morbihan”, Musée Domaine de Kerguéhennec, Morbihan, France.
  • “Dansaekhwa”, The Boghossian Foundation - Villa Empain, Brussels, Belgium.
  • “New Beginnings: Between Gesture and Geometry”, The George Economou Collection, Athens, Greece.
  • Art Basel ‘16, Kukje Gallery(Seoul) & Galerie Perrotin(Paris) & White Cube(London), Basel, Switzerland.
  • Art Basel ‘16 Hong Kong, Kukje Gallery(Seoul) & Galerie Perrotin(Paris), Hong Kong.
  • Art Basel ‘16 Miami, Kukje Gallery(Seoul) & Galerie Perrotin(Paris), Miami Beach Convention Center, Florida, USA.
  • Art Stage Jakarta 2016, Galerie Perrotin(Paris), Jakarta, Indonesia,
  • CIGE 2016 (China International Gallery Exposition), Johyun Gallery(Busan), China World Trade Center, Beijing, China.
  • “Korean Modern & Contemporary Art: 11 Artists”, Rho Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

Special Exhibition Celebrating the 130th Anniversary of Korea-France Diplomatic Ties “Part II. Exchange Exhibition of Korean Resident Artists in France”, Youngeun Museum, Gwangju, Korea.

  • “After Drawing”, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, Korea.
  • KINTEX Spoon Art Show 2016, Keumsan Gallery(Seoul), KINTEX, Ilsan, Korea.

2015-2016

  • “Séoul-Paris-Séoul: Artistes Coréen en France”, Musée Cernuschi, Paris, France.

2015

  • “Dansaekhwa”, Art Issue Project, Taipei, Taiwan.
  • “Avant Garde Asia: Lines of Korean Masters”, Sotheby's a Selling Exhibition, Hong Kong.
  • “Dansaekhwa” (Held by Kukje Gallery, Seoul), Palazzo Contarini Polignac, Venice, Italy.
  • Art Basel ‘15, Kukje Gallery(Seoul) & Galerie Perrotin(Paris) & Blum & Poe(LA), Basel, Switzerland.
  • Art Basel ‘15 Miami, Kukje Gallery(Seoul) & Galerie Perrotin(Paris), Miami Beach Convention Center, Florida, USA.
  • FIAC ‘15, Kukje Gallery(Seoul) & Galerie Perrotin(Paris), Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais, Paris. France.

Abu Dhabi Art 2015, Kukje Gallery(Seoul) & Park Ryu Sook Gallery(Seoul), Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

  • “A Table of Korean Contemporary Art: II. DanSaekhwa - Park Seo-Bo, Yun Hyong-Keun, Lee Kang So, Lee U Fan, Lee Dong Youb, Chung Sang Hwa, Chung Chang-Sub, Ha Chong-Hyun”, Leeahn Gallery, Daegu, Korea.

2014-2015

  • “A Form as Thinking: Rediscovery of Drawing”, Museum SAN, Wonju, Korea.

2014

  • “Overcoming the Modern Dansaekhwa: The Korean Monochrome Movement.”, Alexander Gray Associates, New York, USA.
  • “From all Sides: Dansaekhwa on Abstraction” Blum and Poe(LA), LA, USA.
  • TEFAF 2014, Kukje Gallery(Seoul), Maastricht, Netherlands.
  • Art Basel ‘14, Kukje Gallery(Seoul), Basel, Switzerland.
  • Frieze Masters 2014, Kukje Gallery, Gloucester Green - Regents Park, London, UK.
  • SH Contemporary 2014 (Shanghai International Contemporary Art Fair), The Columns Gallery(Seoul), Shanghai Exhibition Center, Shanghai, China.
  • CIGE 2014 (China International Gallery Exposition), Wellside Gallery(Seoul), China World Trade Center, Beijing, China.
  • “The Artistic Spirits of Modern Artists on Paper”, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, Korea.
  • “The Art of Dansaekhwa”, Kukje Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • G-SEOUL 14 (Korean International Art Fair), Johyun Gallery(Busan), DDP(Dongdaemoon Design Park), Seoul, Korea.

Busan Biennale 2014 “Special Exhibition: Biennale archive Exhibition”, Busan Cultural Center, Busan, Korea.

  • “Leeum 10th Anniversary Exhibition: Beyond and Between”, Leeum Samsung Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea.

2013

  • “White & White: Dialogue between Korea and Italy”, Museo Carlo Bilotti, Rome, Italy.
  • Frieze Masters, Kukje Gallery(Seoul), Gloucester Green - Regents Park, London, UK.
  • The Armory Show 2013, Kukje Gallery(Seoul), New York, USA.
  • TEFAF 2013, Kukje Gallery(Seoul), Maastricht, Netherlands.
  • FIAC 2013, Kukje Gallery(Seoul), Grand Palais, Paris, France.
  • Art Basel ‘13, Kukje Gallery(Seoul), Basel, Switzerland.
  • “Korean Contemporary Art in the 1960s and 1970s: Nam Kwan, Kim Whanki, Yoo Youngkuk, Rhee Seung-Ja, Kim Tschang-Yeul, Park Seo-Bo, Chung Sang Hwa, Lee U Fan”, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, Korea.
  • G-SEOUL 13 (Korean International Art Fair), Wellside Gallery(Seoul), Grand Hilton, Seoul, Korea.
  • KIAF ‘13 (Korean International Art Fair), Pyo Gallery(Seoul) & Wellside Gallery(Seoul) & Johyun Gallery(Busan) & UM Gallery(Seoul), COEX, Seoul, Korea.

2012

  • AHAF ‘12 HK (Asia Top Hotel Gallery Art Fair), Keumsan Gallery(Seoul), Mandarin Hotel, Hong Kong.
  • Korean Art Show, Wellside Gallery(Seoul), New York, USA.
  • Art Basel ‘12, Kukje Gallery(Seoul), Basel, Switzerland.
  • Art Toronto 2012, Wellside Gallery(Seoul), Toronto, Canada.
  • “Korean Dansaekhwa”, National Museum of Modern & Contemporary Art, Gwacheon, Korea.
  • “Dansaekhwa: Korean Monochrome Painting”, Jeonbuk Museum of Art, Wanju, Korea.
  • “Blanks: Say the Unspeakable”, Park Ryu Sook Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • Inaugural Exhibition “Long-Standing Future” (Held by Korea Craft and Design Foundation & Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism), Culture Station Seoul 284, Seoul, Korea.
  • KIAF ‘12 (Korean International Art Fair), Pyo Gallery(Seoul) & Wellside Gallery(Seoul) & Johyun Gallery(Busan) & Song Art Gallery(Seoul), COEX, Seoul, Korea.

2011-2012

  • “Dansaekjo Paintings 1”, Gonggan Purple, Paju, Korea.

2011

  • The Armory Show 2011, Kukje Gallery(Seoul), New York, USA.
  • TEFAF 2011, Kukje Gallery(Seoul), Maastricht, Netherlands.
  • AHAF 11 HK (Asia Top Hotel Gallery Art Fair), Keumsan Gallery(Seoul), Mandarin Oriental Hotel, Hong Kong.
  • Art HK ‘11 (Hong Kong international Art Fair), Kukje Gallery(Seoul), Hong Kong.
  • Art Basel ‘11, Kukje Gallery(Seoul), Basel, Switzerland.
  • FIAC 2011 (Foire Internationale d’Art Contemporain), Kukje Gallery(Seoul), Grand Palais, Paris, France.
  • Art Basel ‘11 Miami, Kukje Gallery(Seoul), Miami Beach Convention Center, Florida, USA.
  • “Korean Rhapsody, A Montage at History and Memory”, Leeum Samsung Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • Inaugural Exhibition “Qi is full: Section 1. Drawing Yi”, Daegu Art Museum, Daegu, Korea.
  • “Beyond the Blue”, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Masterpieces’ Exhibition in Autumn: Collections of National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art”, Jeonbuk Museum of Art, Wanju, Korea.
  • KIAF 11 (Korean international Art Fair), Wellside Gallery(Seoul) & Johyun Gallery(Busan) & Song Art Gallery(Seoul), COEX, Seoul, Korea.

2010-2011

  • “Soul of Line”, Ungno Lee Museum of Art, Daejeon, Korea.

2010

  • “Cloud: Power of Asian Contemporary Art”, SOKA art Center, Beijing, China.
  • Art HK ‘10 (Hong Kong International Art Fair), Keumsan Gallery(Seoul), Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Center, Hong Kong.
  • Art Taipei 2010, Wellside Gallery(Seoul), Taipei World Trade Center, Taipei, Taiwan.
  • Art Basel ‘10 Miami, Kukje Gallery(Seoul), Miami Beach Convention Center, Florida, USA.
  • FIAC 2010, Kukje Gallery(Seoul), Grand Palais & Louvre, Paris, France.
  • “2010 In the Midst of the Korean Contemporary Art”, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, Korea.
  • Inaugural Exhibition of Seongbuk Museum of Art “The Presence”, Seongbuk Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • Clayarch Gimhae Museum 2010 Special Planned Exhibition: “Off the Wall”, Clayarch Gimhae Museum, Gimhae, Korea.
  • Daegu Art Fair 2010, Kukje Gallery(Seoul), Daegu, Korea.

2009

  • “Mixograhia: Innovation and Collaboration”, The Vivian and Gordon Gilkey Center Graphics Art Collection, Portland Museum, Oregon, USA.
  • “The Colour of Nature”, Soka Art Center, Taipei, Taiwan.
  • “Kim Tschang-Yeul + Park Seo-Bo + Lee Ufan”, Johyun Gallery, Busan, Korea.
  • “The Color of Nature: Monochrome Art in Korea”, Wellside Gallery(Seoul), Shanghai, China.
  • “Beginning of New Era”, National Museum of Modern & Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • KIAF 2009 (Korean International Art Fair), Wellside Gallery(Seoul), Coex, Seoul, Korea.

2008-2009

  • 2008 Korea Festival (Held by Embassy of the Republic Korea at Singapore), “Transcendence: Modernity and Beyond in Korean Art”, Singapore Art Museum, Singapore.

2008

  • CIGE 2008 (China International Gallery Exposition), Wellside Gallery(Seoul), China World Trade Center, Beijing, China.
  • “Contemporary Korean Art: From Korean National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art”, Korean Cultural Center UK, London, UK.
  • KIAF 2008 (Korean International Art Fair), Wellside Gallery(Seoul), Coex, Seoul, Korea.
  • SIPA 2008 (Seoul International Print Photo Art Fair), Wellside Gallery, Seoul Arts Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • Busan Biennale 2008 “Leaders of Asia’s Contemporary Art”, Busan Metropolitan City Hall, Busan, Korea.
  • “Korean Abstract Art: 1958-2008”, Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea.

2007

  • “Poetry in Motion”, Galerie Beyeler, Basel, Switzerland.
  • “Elastic Taboos: Within the Korean World of Contemporary Art”, Kunsthalle Wien, Vienna, Austria.
  • “Urban Crossroads: New York, Paris, Seoul”, Belgrade Cultural Centre, Belgrade, Serbia.
  • CIGE 2007 (China International Gallery Exposition), Wellside Gallery(Seoul), China World Trade Center, Beijing, China.
  • KIAF 2007 (Korean International Art Fair), Wellside Gallery(Seoul), Coex, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Poetry in Motion”, Galerie Hyundai, Seoul, Korea.
  • “A Table of Korean Contemporary Art”, Leeahn Gallery, Daegu, Korea.

2006

  • Art Fair Bologna 2006, Galerie Dr. Dorothea van der Kölen(Mainz), Bologna Exhibition Center, Bologna, Italy.
  • CIGE 2006 (China International Gallery Exposition), Wellside Gallery(Seoul), China World Trade Center, Beijing, China.
  • Art Taipei 2006, Keumsan Gallery(Busan), Taipei World Trade Center, Taipei, Taiwan.
  • Art Singapore 2006, Leehwaik Gallery(Seoul), Suntec Singapore, Singapore.
  • Art 06 Chicago at Navy Pier, UM Gallery(Seoul), Navy Pier, Chicago, USA.
  • Melbourne Art Fair 2006, Wellside Gallery(Seoul), Melbourne, Australia.
  • KIAF 2006 (Korean International Art Fair), Wellside Gallery(Seoul), Coex, Seoul, Korea.
  • SIPA 2006 (Seoul International Print, Photo & Edition Works Art Fair) (Held by Korea Print Art Promotion Committee), Seoul Arts Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Korean Contemporary Art Masters”, Leehwaik Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Established Statues”, Gallery SP, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Park, Seo-Bo & Lee Kang So: Woking with Nature (Tate Gallery Liverpool) - 14 Years Later”, Wellside Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

2005

  • Art Taipei 2005, SOKA Art Center(Beijing), Taipei World Trade Center, Taipei, Taiwan.
  • CIGE 2005 (China International Gallery Exposition), Wellside Gallery(Seoul), China World Trade Center, Beijing, China.
  • Shanghai Art Fair 2005, Wellside Gallery(Seoul), Shanghai Mart, Shanghai, China.
  • Shanghai Art Fair 2005, “Korean Special Exhibition: Park, Seo-Bo / Chung, Chang-Sup / Yun, Hyong-Keun”, Shanghai World Trade Center, Shanghai, China.
  • “Art & Issue: China-Korea Art Exchange Exhibition”, Soka Art Center, Beijing, China.
  • “Das Koreanische Monochrom: Park Seo-Bo / Lee Ufan / Kim, Guirin / Yun Hyong-Keun”, Galerie Dr. Dorothea van der Kölen, Mainz, Germany.
  • “Tradition und Zeitgeist: Koreanische Gegenwarts Kunst”, Galerie Hana(Tripoli, Lebanon), Galerie Hellhof and Kornberg Castle, Hesse, Germany.
  • Art Cologne 2005, Galerie Dr. Dorothea van der Kölen(Mainz), Köln, Germany.
  • Exhibition Celebrating Relocation of UM Gallery “On Line + Off Line: Park, Seo-bo / Lee, Doo Shik / Ju, Taeseok / Park, Gyehoon”, UM Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • Exhibition Celebrating the 35th Anniversary “PartⅡ: Modern and Contemporary Masters”, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, Korea.
  • Exhibition Celebrating the 30th Anniversary “From Modern to Contemporary”, Kongkan Gallery, Busan, Korea.
  • “For You: Brilliant Korean Artists”, Gana Art Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • “My Private Art Center” (Held by KB Gold & Wise PB Center), Pyo Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Exhibition of Park, Seo-Bo & Kim, Tschang-Yeul”, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Contemporary Art of Korea”, Busan Museum of Modern Art, Busan, Korea.
  • KIAF 2005 (Korean International Art Fair), Wellside Gallery(Seoul), Coex, Seoul, Korea.
  • Seoul Art Exhibition 2005, Wellside Gallery(Seoul) & Jean Art Gallery(Seoul) & Gallery Sejul(Seoul), Seoul Arts Center, Seoul, Korea.

2004

  • CIGE 2004 (China International Gallery Exposition), Wellside Gallery(Seoul) & UM Gallery(Seoul), China International Science and Technology Exposition Center, Beijing, China.
  • CIGE 2004 (China International Gallery Exposition) “The Special Show of the Most Distinguished Contemporary Artists in Korea”, China International Science and Technology Exposition Center, Beijing, China.
  • Shanghai International Art Fair 2004, Jean Art Gallery(Seoul), Shanghai World Trade Center, Shanghai, China.
  • The Art Festival for World Peace 2004, Jean Art Gallery(Seoul), Liu Hai Su Art Museum, Shanghai, China.
  • Art 04 Chicago at Navy Pier, Park Ryu Sook Gallery(Seoul), Navy Pier, Chicago, USA.
  • Melbourne Art Fair 2004, Wellside Gallery(Seoul), Melbourne, Australia.
  • “Doing for Korean Beauty: Permeating - Chung Chang-Sub, Yun Hyong-Keun, Kim Tschang-Yeul, Park Seo-Bo”, Leehyun Gallery, Daegu, Korea.
  • “Homecoming Exhibition of Beijing Art Fair”, UM Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • KIAF 2004 (Korean International Art Fair), Wellside Gallery(Seoul) & Korea Art Gallery(Seoul), COEX, Seoul, Korea.
  • MANIF 10! 2004 (Seoul International Art Fair), Seoul Arts Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • ‘04 Korea Galleries Art Fair, Wellside Gallery(Seoul), Seoul Arts Center, Korea.
  • “Monochrome Paintings of Korea: Past and Present”, Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea.

2003

  • “Tradition & Innovation III: Koreanische Gegenwartskunst”, Museum für Ostasiatische Kunst, Berlin, Germany.
  • Art 2003 Chicago at Navy Pier, Park Ryu Sook Gallery(Seoul), Navy Pier, Chicago, USA.
  • FIAC 2003, Ci Gong Gallery(Daegu), Porte De Versailles, Paris, France.
  • Art Cologne 2003, Park Ryu Sook Gallery(Seoul), Köln, Germany.
  • The 6th International Triennial of Small Prints 2002 (Triennale Mondiale D’Estampes Petit Format), Chamalières, France.
  • Shanghai International Art Fair 2003, Johyun Gallery(Seoul), Shanghai World Trade Center Mart Hall, Shanghai, China.
  • Exhibition Celebrating the Publication of Chong Geun Kim's Book of Reviews “Korean Contemporary Art, Today’s Phase”, Insa Art Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • “White Spectrum: Joseon White Porcelain and Korean Contemporary Art”, Joseon Royal Kiln Museum, Gwangju, Korea.
  • “Traditional & Innovation”, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, Korea.
  • Commemorative Exhibition of the 20th Anniversary of Park Ryu Sook Gallery “The Accompanied 20 Years”, Park Ryu Sook Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • Daegu Art Fair 2003, Johyun Gallery(Busan) & Gallery Shilla(Daegu), EXCO, Daegu, Korea.
  • KIAF 2003 (Korean International Art Fair), Wellside Gallery(Seoul) & Johyun Gallery(Busan), Coex, Seoul, Korea.
  • MANIF 9! 2003 (Seoul International Art Fair), Seoul Arts Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • Chungdam Art Fair, UM Gallery(Seoul), Chungdam-dong Gallery Street, Seoul, Korea.
  • Seoul Art Exhibition 2003, Wellside Gallery(Seoul), Seoul Arts Center, Seoul, Korea.

2002-2003

  • “Korean Contemporary Art from the mid-1970s to the mid-1980s: Age of Philosophy & Aesthetics”, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Appreciation of Abstract Paintings”, Sungkok Art Museum, Seoul, Korea.

2002

  • “The Unfinished Century: Legacies, 20th Century Art” (Held jointly by the Yomiuri Shimbun), The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, Japan.
  • “4 Artists of Korean Contemporary Art: Korean Paper as a Material”, Gallery Bijutsu Sekai, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Art Palm Beach 2002, Park Ryu Sook Gallery(Seoul), Palm Beach, Florida, USA.
  • San Francisco International Art Exposition, Park Ryu Sook Gallery(Seoul), Fort Mason Center for Arts & Culture, San Francisco, USA.
  • Art 2002 Chicago at Navy Pier, Park Ryu Sook Gallery(Seoul), Navy Pier, Chicago, USA.
  • Art Basel 02, Gallery Hyundai(Seoul), Basel, Switzerland.
  • Melbourne Art Fair 2002, Wellside Gallery(Seoul), Melbourne, Australia.
  • Art Cologne 2002, Park Ryu Sook Gallery(Seoul), Köln, Germany.
  • “Visiting Artist: Maestro of Korean Contemporary Art” (Held jointly by Monthly Art Magazine), Kumho Museum, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Post Art Fair: Our Artists Seen Overseas”, Park Ryu Sook Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Korean Contemporary Artists’ Printmaking Collection” (Held by Korea Print Art Promotion Committee), Seoul Arts Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • “30th Anniversary of Jean Art Gallery: Korea-Japan Contemporary Art 2002”, Jean Art Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

The 1st KIAF (Korean International Art Fair), Johyun Gallery(Busan) & Gallery Canji(Busan), Busan Convention Center, Busan, Korea. 2001

  • Art Palm Beach 2001, Park Ryu Sook Gallery(Seoul), Florida, USA.
  • Art Fair Miami 2001, Park Ryu Sook Gallery(Seoul), Miami Beach Convention Center, Florida, USA.
  • Art 2001 Chicago at Navy Pier, Park Ryu Sook Gallery(Seoul), Navy Pier, Chicago, USA.
  • The 8th International Work on Paper Fair 2001, Wellside Gallery(Seoul), Sydney, Australia.
  • Art Cologne 2001, Park Ryu Sook Gallery(Seoul), Köln, Germany.
  • “Super Phat”, Cypress College Fine Art Gallery, CA, USA.

The 1st KCAF (Korean Contemporary Art Festival), Galerie Bhak(Seoul), Seoul Arts Center, Seoul, Korea.

  • “Korean Contemporary Art from Mid-1960s to Mid-1970: A Decade of Transition and Dynamics”, National Museum of Modern & Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Korean Monochrome Painting 1970~2000 (Kim Tschang-Yeul, Park Seo-Bo, Yun Hyong-Keun, Lee U Fan, Chung Sang Hwa)”, Korea Art Gallery, Busan, Korea.
  • “The Minimum Language: Kim Tschang-Yeul, Park Seo-Bo, Yun Hyong-Keun, Chung Chang-Sub)”, Gallery Seohwa, Seoul, Korea.
  • “A Shadow of Myo-Oh(profound and mysterious comprehension): Park Seo-Bo, Yun Hyong-Keun, Lee Kang So, Chung Chang-Sub - Work on Paper & Canvas”, Gallery Sagan, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Journey to the World of Fine Arts I: The 100 Seniors (1911-1941) - The Journey to the 21st Korean Modern Art”, Sejong Center - Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • Korean Contemporary Art 1970-90, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, Korea.

2000

  • “Beauty & Order: Part I. Leading Roles behind the Birth of Korean Contemporary Art”, Rho Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “2000, The New Resonant: 5 Artists’ Masterpieces”, Musim Gallery, Cheongju, Korea.
  • “The Horizon of a New Millennium”, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Postwar Abstract Art in Korea and the West: Passion and Expression”, Leeum Samsung Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • “An Aspect of Korean Contemporary Art: In the 1950s to the 1960s”, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • “White Porcelain of the Joseon Dynasty Period and Contemporary Art”, Park Ryu Sook Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Kwanghwamoon 139: Newspaper and Art 1920~2000” (Held by Donga Daily News), Ilmin Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • “What is so of itself”, Posco Art Museum, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Figurative / Non-Figurative”, Gana Art Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • “12 Contemporary Artists 2000”, Sun Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • Inaugural Exhibition “The Landscape of the Mind: Part I. Transcendence & Contemplation” (Held by Daegu MBC), Gallery M, Daegu, Korea.
  • Melbourne Art Fair 2000, Jean Art Gallery(Seoul), Melbourne, Australia.
  • San Francisco International Art Exposition, Park Ryu Sook Gallery(Seoul), San Francisco, USA.
  • Art Cologne 2000, Park Ryu Sook Gallery(Seoul), Köln, Germany.
  • Gwangju Biennale 2000 “The Special Exhibition: The Facet of Korean and Japan Contemporary Art”, Gwangju Museum of Art, Gwangju, Korea.
  • MANIF 6! 2000 (Seoul International Art Fair) “Exhibition of Korean Representative Artists”, Seoul Arts Center, Seoul, Korea.

1999-2000

  • “Paintings of Silence (Les Peintres du Silence)”, Musée National des Arts Asiatiques, Nice, France.

1999

  • “Between the Unknown Straits: Art Now in Japan and Korea”, The National Museum of Art Osaka, Osaka, Japan.
  • Mini Art Market II “9 Artists: Establishment of Korean Modernity”, Rho Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Between the Unknown Straits: Art Now in Japan and Korea” (Held by National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art), Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • NICAF Tokyo ‘99, Jean Art Gallery(Seoul), Galerie Bhak(Seoul), Tokyo International Forum, Tokyo, Japan.
  • “Korean Art of 50 Years: 1950-1999”, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, Korea.

1998-1999

  • “Korean Monochromism: Methods, Ideas and Spirits - 4 Artists’ Solo Exhibitions (Park Seo-Bo, Chung Sang Hwa, Lee U Fan, Hur Hwang)”, Busan Metropolitan Art Museum, Busan, Korea.

1998

  • “Paintings of Silence: 8 Korean Contemporary Artists (Les Peintres du Silence: La Corée d’Aujourd’hui)”, Musée de Château des ducs de Wurtemberg, Montbéliard, France.
  • “Between the Unknown Straits: Art Now in Japan and Korea”, Meguro Museum of Art, Tokyo, Japan.
  • The 23rd Ecole de Séoul, Kwanhoon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

1997

  • FIAC ‘97, Galerie Denise René(Paris), Espace Eiffel Branly, Paris, France.
  • Seoul Print Art Fair, Galerie Bhak(Seoul), Seoul Arts Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 22nd Ecole de Séoul, Kwanhoon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

1996

  • “Clay Work of Korean Contemporary Artists: Chung, Chang-Sup / Kim, Tschang-Yeul / Park, Seo-Bo”, Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan.
  • The Tokyo International Forum Art Collection “A Boat of Diversity” (Held by The Tokyo Metropolitan Government Bureau of Citizens and Cultural Affairs), Tokyo International Forum, Tokyo, Japan.
  • “Korean Monochrome Paintings in the 1970s“, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Commemorative Exhibition of the 20th Anniversary of Maekhyang Gallery: Part I”, Maekhyang Gallery, Daegu, Korea.
  • “Black & White”, Seomi Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • Fine Art Festival in May “One Picture at one Gallery” (Held by Galleries Association of Korea), Gallery Hyundai(Seoul) & Park Ryu Sook Galerie(Seoul) & Jean Gallery(Seoul) & Gallery 9(Seoul) & Ci-gong Gallery(Daegu) & Gallery Shilla(Daegu), Insadong Gallery Street, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 21st Ecole de Séoul, Kwanhoon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Spirit of Korean Abstract Painting”, Ho-Am Art Museum, Seoul, Korea.
  • ‘96 Joongang Biennale (Held by Joongang Daily News), Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Clay Work: Robert Rauschenberg, Chung Chang-Sub, Kim Tschang-Yeul, Park Seo-Bo”, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, Korea.

The 50th Anniversary Commemorative Invitational Exhibition of Alumni of Fine Arts College, HongiK University “Now & Future of Korean Contemporary Art”, Hongik Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea.

  • SIAF ‘96 (Seoul International Art Fair), Gallery Hyundai(Seoul) & Jean Art Gallery(Seoul) & Sun Gallery(Seoul), COEX, Seoul, Korea.

1995

  • “Art Contemporain Coréen” (Held by Maire de Paris), Couvent des Cordeliers de Paris, Paris, France.
  • “Modern Art of Korea since 1945~1995”, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • Fine Art Festival in May “One Picture at one Gallery” (Held by Galleries Association of Korea), Gallery Hyundai(Seoul) & Galerie Bhak(Seoul) & Jean Gallery(Seoul) & Gallery 9(Seoul) & Ci-gong Gallery(Daegu) & Johyun Gallery(Busan), Insadong Gallery Street, Seoul, Korea.
  • Art 1995 Chicago at Navy Pier, Gallery Hyundai(Seoul), Navy Pier, Chicago, USA.
  • “The Horizon of Paper Work: 22 Artists”, Shinsegae Hyundai Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • ‘95 Korea Galleries Art Fair, Nabis Gallery(Seoul), Seoul Arts Center, Korea.
  • The 20th Ecole de Séoul “20 years of Monochrome”, Kwanhoon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “85 Oriental and Western Artists of Today”, POSCO Art Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Korean Nature: Meditation - Manifestation”, Park Ryu Sook Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “52 Artists among Home and Abroad”, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, Korea.

1994

  • Commemorative Exhibition of the 5th Anniversary of Monthly Art Magazine “The Faces of Contemporary Art 40 years”, Ho-Am Art Museum, Seoul, Korea.
  • NICAF Yokohama ‘94 (International Contemporary Art Fair), Tokyo Gallery(Tokyo) & Jean Art Gallery(Seoul), Yokohama, Japan.
  • ‘94 Korea Galleries Art Fair, Duson Gallery(Seoul), Seoul Arts Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Contemporary Art before Today: Chung Chang-Sub, Kim Tschang-Yeul, Park Seo-Bo, Ha Chong-Hyun, Kim Hyung Dae, Youn Myeung-Ro”, *Gallery 63, Seoul, Korea.
  • Remba Gallery(LA), New York, USA.

1993

  • “12 Contemporary Artists from Korea”, The Miyagi Museum of Art, Sendai, Japan.
  • “The National Museum of Contemporary Art, Traveling Exhibition of Permanent Collection”, Gwangju Museum of Art & Jeonbuk Art Center(Jeonju) & Busan Cultural Center, Gwangju & Jeonju & Busan, Korea.
  • “Future lies Ahead” In the Occasion of Daejeon EXPO 1993 (Selected by Swedish Art Collector, Pontus Hultén), Daejeon, Korea.
  • ‘93 Seoul Art Exhibition (Held by Seoul Metropolitan Government), Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • Commemorative Exhibition of Publication by Nae-Bu Pak “Korean Noted Paintings: The Passion of 100 years of Korean Contemporary Art”, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, Korea.
  • Inaugural Exhibition “Korean Art: Yesterday and Now“, Hanlim Gallery, Daejeon, Korea.
  • “4 Korean Contemporary Artists”, Ci-Gong Gallery, Daegu, Korea.
  • “Works of Peace, 111 Artists”, Galerie Bhak, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Communication of Contemporary Art”, Galerie Bhak, Seoul, Korea.

1992

  • “Korean Contemporary Art”, Shimonoseki City Art Museum(Shimonoseki) & Niigata City Art Museum(Niigata) & Kasama Nichido Museum of Art Foundation(Kasama) & Mie Prefectural Art Museum(Mie) & Sonje Museum of Contemporary Art(Gyeongju), Japan & Korea.
  • “Working with Nature: Traditional Thought in Contemporary Art from Korea”,The Tate Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.
  • Inaugural Exhibition “A Vein of the Tradition: Grouping for the IDentity of Korean Contemporary Art”, Seonam Art Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Kim Tschang-Yeul, Park Seo-Bo, Yun Hyong-Keun, Chung SangHwa, Chung Chang-Sub, Ha Chong-Hyun”, Ingong Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Special Tour of Paintings and Sculptures by Museum Artists”, Daegu Culture and Art Center & Gangneung Culture and Art Center, Daegu & Gangneung, Korea.
  • “Korean Contemporary Art, 21 Exhibition”, Gallery 21, Seoul, Korea.
  • “The Phase of One Generation”, Yemaek Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 17th Ecole de Séoul, Kwanhoon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Korean Contemporary Painting: The Brush Stroke and Its Expressions”, Ho-Am Art Museum, Seoul, Korea.

1991

  • “Contemporary Art in Monochrome: From the Museum collection”, Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan.
  • “Lines & Expression”, The Museum of Modern Art Saitama, Saitama, Japan.
  • “Contemporary Korean Painting”, Muzejski Prostor(Zagreb) & Galerija Jakopiceva(Ljubljana) & Collegium Artisticum(Sarajevo) & Galerija Cvijeta Zuzorić(Beograd), Zagreb & Ljubljana & Sarajevo & Beograd, Yugoslavia.
  • “A Grouping for the Identity of Korean Contemporary Art I: The Dawn of Korean Contemporary Art”, Hanwon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Exhibition of 25 Korean Contemporary Artists”, Hyundai Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 2nd Tokyo Art Expo, Duson Gallery(Seoul), Tokyo International Trade Center, Tokyo, Japan.
  • “Inaugural Exhibition of Korean Contemporary Art”, Sonje Museum of Contemporary Art, Gyeongju, Korea.
  • “5 Artists of Contemporary Art”, Hankook Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • ‘91 Korea Galleries Art Fair, Duson Gallery(Seoul), Seoul Arts Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 16th Ecole de Séoul, Kwanhoon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “9 Artists Today”, Jean Gallery & Jean Art Center, Seoul, Korea.

1990

  • “1990 Autumn Muramatsu”, Muramatsu Gallery, Tokyo, Japan.
  • “Contemporary Art of 80’s 100 Forms: INAX Gallery + Yusuke Nakahara”, INAX Gallery, Tokyo, Japan.
  • ‘90 Invitational Exhibition of Contemporary Art, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • ‘90 Korea Galleries Art Fair, Duson gallery(Seoul), Ho-Am Art Museum, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 15th Ecole de Séoul, Kwanhoon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • Invitational Exhibition of Art Journalist Award Winning Artists 47: Steps towards Free Press” (Held by Journalists Association of Korea), Baeksang Memorial Hall, Seoul, Korea.
  • “7 Contemporary Artists”, Hyundai Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “6 Men Exhibition”, Nabis Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

1989

  • Invitational Exhibition Celebrating the 200th Anniversary of the French Revolution “Revolution: Flashback”, Paris Art Center, Paris, France.
  • Inaugural Exhibition “Theme Hiroshima”, Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art, Hiroshima, Japan.
  • Art LA ‘89 (International Contemporary Art Fair LA), Jean Gallery(Seoul), Los Angeles Convention Center, LA, USA.
  • Exhibition Celebrating the 10th Anniversary of Sun Art Magazine “The Past Featured Artists”, Sun Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • Exhibition Celebrating the 10th Anniversary of Kwanhoon Gallery “The Chronological Tablet of Exhibitions”, Kwanhoon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 14th Ecole de Séoul, Kwanhoon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Abstraction - Figuration ‘89”, Ace Art Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

1988

  • “4 Korean Painters”, Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan.
  • The 43rd Venice Biennial, Venice, Italy.
  • “Exhibition of Korean Modern Painting in the 70’s”, Walker Hill Art Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Exhibition Celebrating the Extension of Lotte Shopping”, Lotte Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Exhibition Celebrating the 70th Birthday of Suk Nam Lee, Kyung-Sung”, Ho-Am Art Museum, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Olympiad of Art: The International Contemporary Painting Exhibition” (Sponsored by Seoul Olympic Organizing Committee), National Museum of Modern & Contemporary Art, Korea.
  • “Contemporary Art & Olympics: Exhibition of Official Fine Art Posters & Lithographs of the 24th Olympiad Seoul 1988” (Sponsored by Seoul Olympic Organizing Committee & projected by Lloyd Shin Gallery, Chicago), Seoul, Korea.
  • “Modernism in Korean Contemporary Art:1970-1979”, COEX Hyundai Department Store Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Inaugural Exhibition: Invited Contemporary Artists”, Gallery Chosun, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Invitational Fund-raising Exhibition for Kim Swoo Geun Foundation”, Gallery Space, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 13th Ecole de Séoul, Kwanhoon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

1987

  • “4 Korean Contemporary Artists”, Laboratory Gallery, Sapporo, Japan.
  • Toyama Now ‘87 “New Art Around the Pacific”, Museum of Modern Art Toyama, Toyama, Japan.
  • Art LA 87 (The 2nd International Contemporary Art Fair), Jean Art Gallery(Seoul), Los Angeles Convention Center, LA, USA.
  • “Exhibition of 2 Artists: Chung, Chang-Sup & Park, Seo-Bo”, Gallery Space, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Invitational Exhibition of 32 Artists for the Memory of the Deceased Kim, Swoo Geun”, Gallery Space, Seoul, Korea.
  • ‘87 Invitational Exhibition of Contemporary Artists, National Museum of Modern & Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • ‘87 Seoul Art Exhibition (Held by Seoul Metropolitan Government), National Museum of Modern & Contemporary Art, Gwacheon, Korea.
  • “Black & White in Korea Art Today”, National Museum of Modern & Contemporary Art, Gwacheon, Korea.
  • The 13th Jeju Art Exhibition (Held by Jeju Daily News), Jeju, Korea.
  • The 13th Seoul Contemporary Art Festival, Fine Art Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 12th Ecole de Séoul, Kwanhoon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Exhibition of Miniature Works”, Su Gallery(Seoul) & Inkong Gallery(Daegu), Seoul & Daegu, Korea.
  • “Messages from 13 Artists”, Baegun Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

1986

  • “Black & White in Art Today”, The Museum of Modern Art, Saitama, Japan.
  • “Korean Antique and Contemporary Arts: Forms with Paper”, Muromachi Mikura, Kyoto, Japan.
  • “Korean Contemporary Arts”, Grand Palais, Paris, France.
  • “Exhibition Celebrating the 100th Anniversary of Korea-France Diplomatic Relations: Seoul-Paris Exhibition” (Held by la Fondation Alliance Française en Corée du sud), Seoul Press Center Gallery(Seoul) & Centre National des Arts Plastiques(Paris), Korea & France.
  • “‘86 Invitation Exhibition of Korean Contemporary Arts”, Duson Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “The Position a Priori of Korean Contemporary Arts in 1986”, Baeksong Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “86 Seoul Contemporary Asian Art Show” (Sponsored by Seoul Asian Games Organizing Committee & KBS), National Museum of Modern & Contemporary Art, Gwacheon, Korea.
  • “86 Situation of Korean Contemporary Art” (Sponsored by Seoul Asian Games Organizing Committee & KBS), National Museum of Modern & Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Inaugural Exhibition: Korean Art Today”, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Gwacheon, Korea.
  • ‘86 Seoul Art Exhibition (Held by Seoul Metropolitan Government), National Museum of Modern & Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Paper + Pencil: The Drawing Exhibition of 13 Artists”, Su Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 11th Ecole de Séoul, Kwanhoon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 12th Seoul Contemporary Art Festival, Fine Art Center, Seoul, Korea.

1985

  • “Human Documents ‘84 / ’85”, Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan.
  • “Contemporary Korean Paper Art”, Sarah Spurgeon Gallery, Central Washington University, Ellensburg, USA.

ASPACAE ‘85 (Held by Asian Pacific Conference of Arts Education), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

  • ‘85 Invitational Exhibition of Contemporary Art, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • “6 Artists: The Paper above the Horizon”, Yoon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Minimal & Maximal“, Hu Gallery & Jeon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “70 Years of Korean Western Painting”, Ho-Am Art Museum, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Modern Art from the Past, 40 Years for Commemoration of Korean Independence Day”, National Museum of Modern & Contemporary Art, Gwacheon, Korea.
  • “The Present of Non-objective Arts: 14 Artists of Contemporary Painting”, Sam-Cheong Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • KIS (Kunsan International Show) ‘85 (Held by The Institute of Contemporary Art of Kunsan National University), Jeonbuk Art Center, Jeonju, Korea.
  • The 10th Ecole de Séoul, Kwanhoon Gallery & Goryeo Gallery & Songwon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 11th Seoul Contemporary Art Festival, Fine Art Center, Seoul, Korea.

1984

  • “Exchange Exhibition of Print and Drawing between Seoul and LA” (Held by World Print Council), Korea Cultural Service, LA, USA.
  • “Korea Contemporary Fine Art Exhibition: The Stream of the ‘70s”, Taipei Fine Art Museum, Taipei, Taiwan.
  • “Art Today: The Collection of Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum”, Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum, Tokyo.

FIAC ‘84, Jean Art Gallery(Seoul), Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais, Paris.

  • “The Returning Exhibition of Korean Contemporary Arts: The Latter Half of the 70’s - An Aspect”, Fine Arts Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Seoul Work on Paper ‘84”, Kwanhoon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “‘84 Invitational Exhibition of Contemporary Art”, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Korean Contemporary Arts of the 60’s: The Outskirts of Informel”, Walker Hill Art Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • “The Exhibition of White Painting”, Cultural Center of France in Seoul, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Korean Contemporary Art of the 60’s: Paris Biennale”, Duson Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 9th Ecole de Séoul, Kwanhoon Gallery & Goryeo Gallery & Songwon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 10th Seoul Contemporary Art Festival, Fine Art Center, Seoul, Korea.

1983

  • “Korean Contemporary Arts Exhibition: The Latter Half of the 70’s - An Aspect,” Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum & Museum of Modern Art, Tojiki & Hokkaido Museum of Modern Art & National Museum of Art, Osaka & Fukuoka Art Museum, Japan.
  • “New School of Seoul: New Paper Works”, Spring Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan.
  • “Exhibition of Korean Contemporary 7 Artists”, Yil Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan.
  • “Exchange Exhibition of Print and Drawing between Seoul and San Francisco” (Held by World Print Council), Seoul & San Francisco, Korea & USA.
  • ‘83 Invitational Exhibition of Contemporary Art, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Korean Contemporary Art: Works of 7 Artists”, Jean Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Korean Contemporary Graphics and Drawings (Sodobna Korejska Grafika in Risba)”, Yugoslavia.
  • The 9th Seoul Contemporary Art Festival, Fine Art Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 9th Ecole de Séoul, Kwanhoon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

1982-1983

  • “New Paper Works: Korea & Japan”, National Museum of Modern & Contemporary Art(Gwacheon) & Kyoto Municipal Museum of Art(Kyoto) & Museum of Modern Art(Saitama) & Kumamoto Prefectural Museum of Art(Kumamoto), Korea & Japan.

1982

  • “Korean Contemporary Art: Kim Tschang-Yeul, Park Seo-Bo, Yun Hyong-Keun, Lee U Fan, Chung Sang-Hwa, Lee Dong Youb”, Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan.
  • “The Phase of Korean Contemporary Art”, Myeongdong Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Prints and Drawing of Contemporary Artists”, Kwanhoon Gallery & Myeongdong Gallery & Goryeo Gallery & Songwon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • Inaugural Exhibition “Korean Contemporary Artists Invitation Exhibition”, Dongduk Art Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • Inaugural Exhibition, Total Museum, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Kim Moon-Ho Memorial Exhibition”, Goryeo Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 3rd Korean Contemporary Art Exhibition (Held by Myeongseong Group), Fine Art Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 8th Ecole de Séoul, Kwanhoon Gallery & Goryeo Gallery & Songwon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 8th Seoul Contemporary Art Festival, Fine Art Center, Seoul, Korea.

1981

  • “Drawing Exhibition of Contemporary Korean Artists”, Artcore Center, LA, USA.
  • “Korean Drawing Now”, Brooklyn Museum, NY, USA.
  • “Baeksang Memorial Fine Art Exhibition” (Held by Hankook Daily News), Baeksang Memorial Hall, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Drawing ‘81”, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Drawing Exhibition of Contemporary Korean Artists”, Dongsanbang Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 7th Ecole de Séoul, Kwanhoon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 30th National Art Exhibition, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • Korean Arts ‘81, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 7th Seoul Contemporary Art Festival, Korean Culture and Arts Foundation Art Center, Seoul, Korea.

1980

  • “Asian Artists Exhibition Part II: Contemporary Asian Art Show,” Fukuoka Art Museum, Fukuoka, Japan.
  • “37 Contemporary Artists Exhibition of 1980”, Kwanhoon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Korean Prints & Drawing Exhibition”, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Invited Exhibition of Korean Contemporary Artists”, Dong-bang Art Center, Busan, Korea.
  • The 6th Ecole de Séoul, Kwanhoon Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 6th Seoul Contemporary Art Festival,Korean Culture and Arts Foundation Art Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 29th National Art Exhibition, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.

1979

  • “Korean Contemporary Arts: Unique Methods by Four Artists”, Hyundai Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • Inaugural Exhibition “Korean Arts: Methods of Today”, Korean Culture and Arts Foundation Art Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • Inaugural Exhibition “Korean 6 Contemporary Artist”, Lee Gallery, Daegu, Korea.
  • ”Work on Paper”, Jean Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 1st Fine Art Grand Exhibition (Held by Galleries Association of Korea), Munhwa Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 5th Ecole de Séoul, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 7th Indépendants (Held by Korean Fine Arts Association), National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 28th National Art Exhibition, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 15th Korean Fine Arts Association Exhibition, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 6th Korean Fine Art Grand-Prix Exhibition (Held by Hankook Daily News), National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Gyeongbokgung, Seoul, Korea.

1978

  • “Work on Paper”, Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan.
  • “Secondes Rencontres Internationales d’Art Contemporain”, Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais, Paris, France.
  • “Korea: The Trend for the Past 20 Years of Contemporary Arts”, The National Museum of Modern & Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 4th Ecole de Séoul, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugong, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 6th Indépendants (Held by Korean Fine Arts Association), National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 27th National Art Exhibition, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Gyeongbokgung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 5th Korean Fine Art Grand-Prix Exhibition (Held by Hankook Daily News), National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Gyeongbokgung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 4th Seoul Contemporary Art Festival, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Gyeongbokgung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 14th Korean Fine Arts Association Exhibition, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Gyeongbokgung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 2nd Busan Contemporary Art Festival, Busan Civic Center, Busan, Korea.
  • The 4th Daegu Contemporary Art Festival, Keimyung University Museum of Art, Daegu, Korea.
  • The 3rd Gwangju Contemporary Art Festival, Jeonil Museum of Art, Gwangju, Korea.
  • The 1st Jeonbuk Contemporary Art Festival, Jeonbuk Yechong Center, Jeonju, Korea.
  • ”Korea: The Trend for the Past 20 Years of Contemporary Arts”, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • ”Retrospective Exhibition of the 1950s”, Munhwa Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Work on Paper”, Gyeonji Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

1977

  • The 9th International Painting Festival, Cagnes-sur-Mer, France.
  • “Exhibition of 6 Korean Contemporary Artists”, Muramatsu Gallery, Tokyo, Japan.
  • “Korea: Facet of Contemporary Art”, Tokyo Central Museum of Art, Tokyo, Japan.
  • “Korean Contemporary Painting”, National Museum of History, Taipei, Taiwan.
  • “Korea: 6 Contemporary Artists Exhibition”, Galerie Beaux-Art, Nagoya, Japan.
  • “UNESCO International Conference Hall Opening Commemorative Exhibition: Contemporary 10 Artists Invitation Exhibition” (Held by Korean National Commission for UNESCO), UNESCO Hall, Seoul, Korea.
  • The Grand Exhibition of Korean Western Paintings, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 3rd Ecole de Séoul, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 5th Indépendants (Held by Korean Fine Arts Association), National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 26th National Art Exhibition, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 13th Korean Fine Arts Association Exhibition, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 3rd Seoul Contemporary Art Festival, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 3rd Daegu Contemporary Art Festival, Keimyung University Museum of Art, Daegu, Korea.
  • The 2nd Gwangju Contemporary Art Festival, Jeonil Museum of Art, Gwangju, Korea.
  • The 1st Gangwon Contemporary Art Festival, Chuncheon Provincial Culture Center, Chuncheon, Korea.
  • “Inaugural Exhibition: 56 Western Paintings”, Hankook Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Inaugural Exhibition: 30 Western Paintings”, Gil Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “The Year-end Special Exhibition”, Taein Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

1976

  • “The 2nd Anniversary Invitational Exhibition: Korean Contemporary 5 Artists”, Seoul Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “The 2nd Anniversary Exhibition: ‘76 Annual Spring”, Lee Gallery, Busan, Korea.
  • “Korean 7 Contemporary Artists Invitation Exhibition”, Daegu Department Store Gallery, Daegu, Korea.
  • The 25th National Art Exhibition, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 2nd Ecole de Séoul, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 4th Indépendants (Held by Korean Fine Arts Association), National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 2nd Seoul Contemporary Art Festival, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 12th Korean Fine Arts Association Exhibition, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 1st Gwangju Contemporary Art Festival, Jeonil Museum of Art, Gwangju, Korea.
  • The 1st Busan Contemporary Art Festival, Busan Civic Center, Busan, Korea.
  • “Invitational Exhibition of 100 Artists in Western Painting”, Munhwa Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

1975

  • The 13th Biennale de São Paulo, Ciccillo Matarazzo Pavilion, São Paulo, Brazil.
  • “Korea: Five Artists Five ‘Hinsek’ White”, Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan.
  • The 24th National Art Exhibition, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 11th Korean Fine Arts Association Exhibition, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 3rd Indépendants (Held by Korean Fine Arts Association), National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 1st Ecole de Séoul, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 1st Seoul Contemporary Art Festival, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 2nd Daegu Contemporary Art Festival, Keimyung University Museum of Art, Daegu, Korea.
  • “Fundraising Exhibition for Establishment of Jeonju Museum: Korean Senior and Leading Artists Exhibition”, Korea Information Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Inaugural Exhibition”, Han-il Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Inaugural Exhibition: Invited Korean 30 Active Artists”, Han-il Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Invitational Exhibition of Korean Active Artists” (Held by Korean Fine Arts Association), Yangji Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Exhibition of Figurative Art by Abstract Painters”, Areum Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

1974

  • National Documentary Painting Exhibition: Economy Part (Held by MInistry of Culture and Public Information), National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Gyeongbokgung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 10th Korean Fine Arts Association Exhibition, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Gyeongbokgung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 23rd National Art Exhibition, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Gyeongbokgung, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 2nd Indépendants (Held by Korean Fine Arts Association), National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Invitational Exhibition of ‘74: 7 Artists in Seoul”, Han Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 2nd Exhibition of Hongik University Alumni in Daejeon and Seoul, Gyeong-am Gallery, Daejeon, Korea.

1973

  • “Exhibition of Seoul: 13 Artists of Contemporary Art”, Gallery Signum, Kyoto, Japan.
  • “Exhibition of Korean Contemporary Art 1957-1972: Abstraction = Situation”, Myeongdong Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Museum Relocation Commemorative Exhibition: Exhibition of 100 Active Painters”, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - Deoksugung, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Permanent Exhibition”, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Inaugural Exhibition of Namsan Sowol-ro Street Art Exhibition Section” (Held by MInistry of Culture and Public Information), Namsan, Seoul, Korea.
  • “Contemporary Art ‘73”, Myeongdong Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

1972

  • “The Vietnam War Documentary painting Exhibition” (Held by MInistry of Culture and Public Information & MInistry of National Defense), Gyeongbokgung National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 9th Korean Fine Arts Association Exhibition, Gyeongbokgung National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea.

1971-1972

  • “Korean Contemporary Painting Exhibition”, France & West Germany.

1971

  • Seoul-Busan Contemporary Artists Exchange Exhibition (Held by Hyuk Coterie), Lady Gallery, Busan, Korea.

1970

  • Osaka EXPO ‘70 Special Exhibition at Korean Pavilion, Suita, Japan.
  • “Exhibition of Selected 6 Korean Young Artists”, Tokiwa Gallery, Tokyo, Japan.
  • The 1st Korean Art Grand-Prix Exhibition (Held by Hankook Daily News), Gyeongbokgung National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • Inaugural Invitational Exhibition, Myeong-dong Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • Inaugural Invitational Exhibition, Seoul Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

1969

  • The 1st International Painting Festival, Cagnes-sur-Mer, France.
  • The 1st Pistoia International Paintings Biennial, Pistoia, Italy.
  • “Exhibition of 11 Korean Young Artist”, Solidaridad Gallery, Manila, The Philippines.
  • The 5th International Young Artist Exhibition (Held by the Japanese Cultural Forum), Japan.
  • “Korean Contemporary Painting Exhibition”, India & Afghanistan & Nepal.
  • “The 13th Invitational Exhibition of Contemporary Artists” (Held by Chosun Daily News), Seoul, Korea.

1968

  • “Korean Contemporary Painting Exhibition”, Tokyo National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, Japan.
  • “The 12th Invitational Exhibition of Contemporary Artists” (Held by Chosun Daily News), Seoul, Korea.

1967

  • EXPO ‘67 “Special Exhibition: Korean Pavilion”, Montreal, Canada.
  • National Documentation Drawing Exhibition, Gyeongbokgung Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • “The 11th Invitational Exhibition of Contemporary Artists” (Held by Chosun Daily News), Seoul, Korea.

1966

  • “The Invited Exhibition of Contemporary Artists from 6 Countries of Far East”, Macy's Department Store Gallery, New York, USA.
  • “The 10th Invitational Exhibition of Contemporary Artists” (Held by Chosun Daily News), Seoul, Korea.

1965

  • The 8th São Paulo Biennial, Ciccillo Matarazzo Pavilion, São Paulo, Brazil.
  • “Korean Contemporary 7 Artists Exhibition”, Korea Press Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 1st Korean Contemporary Art 10 Artists Exhibition (Held by Joongang Daily News), Shinsegae Department Store Gallery (4F), Seoul, Korea.
  • The 1st Korean Public Art Exhibition (Held by Busan Fine Arts Association), Dong-a University, Busan, Korea.
  • The 9th Invitational Exhibition of Contemporary Artists (Held by Chosun Daily News), Gyeongbokgung Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 4th Cultural Freedom Contemporary Art Exhibition (Held by the Congress for Cultural Freedom), Ye-chong Center, Seoul, Korea.

1964

  • The 2nd Actual Exhibition, Gyeongbokgung Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 3rd Cultural Freedom Contemporary Art Exhibition” (Held by the Congress for Cultural Freedom), Korea Press Center, Seoul, Korea.

1963

  • The 3rd Biennale de Paris, Paris, France.
  • “4 Young Korean Artists Exhibition (Jeunes Peintres Coréens)”, Galerie Lambert, Paris, France.
  • The 7th Invitational Exhibition of Contemporary Artists (Held by Chosun Daily News), Gyeongbokgung Museum, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 2nd Cultural Freedom Contemporary Art Exhibition (Held by the Congress for Cultural Freedom), Korea Information Center, Seoul, Korea.

1962

  • The 1st Saigon International Biennale Exhibition, Saigon, Vietnam.
  • “Exhibition of Korean Contemporary Artists”, Manila, The Philippines.
  • The 6th Invitational Exhibition of Contemporary Artists (Held by Chosun Daily News), Seoul, Korea.
  • The 1st Actual Exhibition, Korea Information Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 1st Cultural Freedom Contemporary Art Exhibition (Held by the Congress for Cultural Freedom), Korea Information Center, Seoul, Korea.

1961

  • “Jeunes Peintres du Monde à Paris” (Held by UNESCO National Committee of I.A.A France), Compiègne - Paris, France.

1960

  • The 6th Hyundae Exhibition (Held by Contemporary Fine Artists Association), Gyeongbokgung Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 4th Invitational Exhibition of Contemporary Artists (Held by Chosun Daily News), Gyeongbokgung Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea.

1959

  • The 3rd Invitational Exhibition of Contemporary Artists (Held by Chosun Daily News), Gyeongbokgung Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea.

1958

  • The 2nd Invitational Exhibition of Contemporary Artists (Held by Chosun Daily News), Seoul, Korea.
  • The 4th Hyundae Exhibition (Held by Contemporary Fine Artists Association), Deoksugung National Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 3rd Hyundae Exhibition (Held by Contemporary Fine Artists Association), Hwa-Shin Department Store Gallery, Seoul, Korea.
  • “The Korean Contemporary Artists Exhibition”, World House Gallery, New York, USA.

1957

  • The 2nd Hyundae Exhibition (Held by Contemporary Fine Artists Association), Hwa-Shin Department Store Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

1956

  • “Exhibition of 4 Painters: Moon Woo-Sik, Kim Choong-Sun, Kim Young-Hwan, Park Seo-Bo”, Dong-Bang Cultural Center (3F), Seoul, Korea.
  • “Exhibition for Rookies of Hong-Ik University Alumni”, Dong-Hwa Department Store Gallery (4F), Seoul, Korea.

1955

  • The 7th Exhibition of Dae-Han Fine Arts Association, Gyeongbokgung Art Museum, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 4th National Art Exhibition (Held by the Minister of Education), Gyeongbokgung Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 2nd Hongik Art Exhibition, Hongik University Gallery, Seoul, Korea.

1954

  • The 6th Exhibition of Dae-Han Fine Arts Association, Gyeongbokgung Art Museum, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 3rd National Art Exhibition (Held by the Minister of Education), Gyeongbokgung Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea.

Awards[edit]

2018

  • Asia Arts Game Changer Awards Hong Kong, Asia Society, Hong Kong.

2015

  • Awards in the Visual Arts 10, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington,D.C, U.S.A

2014

  • The 12th Lee Donghoon Art Award (Main Prize), Daejeon City & Joongboo Daily News, Daejeon, Korea.

2011

  • The 9th Cultural Day: The Silver Certificate of Merit, Ministry of Culture, Sports & Tourism, Gangleung, Korea.

2009

  • The 4th Special Art Award, Seok Ju Art Foundation, Seoul, Korea.

2008

  • Korea Art Award, The Korean Artist's Day Organizing Committee & Korean Fine Art Association, Seoul, Korea.
  • The 28th Suk-Nam Art Prize, Suk-Nam Art Foundation, New York, USA.

2004

  • The 9th MANIF Grand Prize (Manifestation d’Art Nouveau International et Forum), MANIF organizing Committee, Seoul, Korea

1999

  • The 1st Exceptional Art Award (Creation Sector), Korean Fine Arts Association, Seoul, Korea.

1996

  • The Proud Hoingik Alumna Award, Hoingik University Alumni Association, Seoul, Korea.

1995

  • The 44th Seoul Metropolitan Cultural Prize, Seoul Government, Seoul, Korea.

1994

  • The Jade Crown of Cultural Medal, Ministry of Culture, Sports & Tourism, Seoul, Korea.
  • The Proud Hoingik Alumna Award, Hoingik University Alumni Association, Seoul, Korea.

1993

  • The Distinguished Service Medal, Seoul Federation of Teachers’ Association, Seoul, Korea.

1990

  • The Kowoon Cultural Award, Kowoon Cultural Foundation, Seoul, Korea.

1987

  • The 1st Art & Culture Grand-Prize, The Federation of Artistic & Cultural Organizations of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
  • The Distinguished Educational Service Medal, Korea Youth Worker Association, Seoul, Korea.

1984

  • National Medal: “Seokryu” Medal, Ministry of Education, Seoul, Korea.

1979

  • The 11th Culture and Art Prize, Ministry of Public Information, Seoul, Korea.

1976

  • The 2nd Joong-Ang Cultural Grand-Prize, Joong-Ang Daily News, Seoul, Korea.

1972

  • President's Commendation, Ministry of Home Affairs, Seoul, Korea.

1961

  • The Jeunes Peintres du Monde à Paris: The 1st Prize (Sarcelles-Themed Competition), National Committee of I.A.A., Paris, France.Awards in the Visual Arts 10, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington,D.C, U.S.A

Collections[edit]

Overseas museums[edit]

  • Musée Cernuschi, Musée des Arts de l'Asie de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France.
  • Pola Museum of Art, Hakone, Japan.
  • The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA.
  • The Museum of Modern Art (MOMA), NY, USA.
  • Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington D.C, USA.
  • Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, NY, USA.
  • Guggenheim Abu Dhabi, Abu Dhabi, UAE.
  • M+ Museum, Hong Kong.
  • Yuz Foundation, Shanghai, China.
  • Mie Prefectural Art Museum, Mie, Japan.
  • Shimonoseki City Art Museum, Shimonoseki, Japan.
  • The Museum of Contemporary Art, Hiroshima, Japan.
  • The Museum of Modern Art, Toyama, Japan.
  • Ohara Museum, Kurashiki, Japan.
  • Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Fukuoka Art Museum, Fukuoka, Japan.

Korean museums[edit]

  • Daegu Art Museum, Daegu.
  • Gyeonggido Museum of Modern Art, Ansan.
  • Museum San, Wonju.
  • Posco Art Museum, Seoul.
  • Total Museum, Seoul.
  • Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul.
  • Busan Metropolitan Art Museum, Busan.
  • Gallery 63, Seoul.
  • Gwangju City Art Museum, Gwangju.
  • Han-Lim Art Museum, Daejeon.
  • The Museum of Ewha Women's University, Seoul.
  • Art Sonje Museum, Gyeongju.
  • Gidang Art Museum, JeJu.
  • Walker Hill Art Center, Seoul.
  • The National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Gwacheon.
  • Leeum Samsung Art Museum, Seoul.
  • The Contemporary Museum of Hong-lk University, Seoul.

Main Collectors[edit]

  • Steven Cohen Collection, Stanford, USA.
  • Rachofsky Collection, Dallas, USA.
  • SIGG Collection, Switzerland.
  • The George Economou Collection, Athens, Greece.
  • Alexandra Monroe - Private Collector
  • FNAC (French: Fonds National d’Art Contemporain Collection), Paris, France.
  • SC Johnson & Son Council House, Racine, USA.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Seungsook Park, <An Untiring Great Worker: Park Seo-Bo's Art and Life>, Seoul: Personnidea, 2019. ISBN 978-89-5906-532-5[03810](Korean)
  2. ^ Lim, Kate. "Park Seo-Bo: From Avant-garde to Ecriture" (2013).
  3. ^ Cheon, Seung-Bok. Korean Republic, November 26, 1960.
  4. ^ Park,Seo-Bo. Kyung-hyang Shinmun, December 3, 1961.
  5. ^ Oh,Kwang-Soo. Daehan Ilbo, 10 July 1969
  6. ^ Park, Seo-bo. Artist statement of solo exhibition at Tokyo Gallery, June 1973.

External links[edit]