Park Valley, Utah

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Park Valley, Utah
Buildings in Park Valley
Buildings in Park Valley
CountryUnited States
StateUtah
CountyBox Elder
Settled1869
Founded byWilliam P. Thomas
Elevation5,548 ft (1,691 m)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
84329
Area code(s)435
GNIS feature ID1431110[1]

Park Valley is an unincorporated community in Box Elder County, Utah, United States.

Park Valley lies in the northwestern part of the state, 150 miles (240 km) northwest of the state capital at Salt Lake City, and 100 miles (160 km) west of the county seat at Brigham City. Utah State Route 30 runs through the center of the valley, generally from east to west. The valley is a roughly oval shape of about 30 miles (48 km) in length east to west and about 25 miles (40 km) north to south, covering a major portion of the western end of the county.

Park Valley anchors the northern end of the Great Basin. The Raft River Mountains to the north mark the boundary between the Great Basin and the Snake River Plain. What is called the community of Park Valley includes name locations that used to be nearly separate communities, such as Rosette, Dove Creek, Muddy, Rosebud, and Kelton, as well as ones that have been almost forgotten by time, such as Ten-Mile, Clear Creek, Rosen Valley, Terrace, Golden, Matlin, and other lesser camps along the old railroad grade. Since all of these areas belong to a homogenous community, they are all known collectively as Park Valley. The valley center, or Park Valley proper, is the community center, which contains the church house, store, hotel, the park, and the schoolhouse.

History

Historical population
Census Pop.
187070
1880275292.9%
1890196−28.7%
190027942.3%
1910260−6.8%
1920173−33.5%
1930167−3.5%
1940140−16.2%
19501421.4%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau[2]

In 1826, explorer Jedediah Smith passed through the area. In 1841, the Bartleson-Bidwell Party brought the first wagons through the valley.

While the Transcontinental Railroad coming to Utah did not pass directly through the valley, its proximity played an important part in the settlement and development of the area. Settlement was apparently a result of surveys conducted for several miles on either side of the railroad right-of-way. Even before the rails were joined at Promontory on May 10, 1869, the effect of the railroad on Park Valley had begun. The first permanent settler was William P. (Cotton) Thomas, who migrated from Brigham City in 1869, and developed a cattle ranch near Dove Creek. The heavy growth of trees along the creek and the view of the valley inspired the name.

The town experienced a minor boom in 1890 when gold was discovered.[3]

Climate

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Park Valley has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Park Valley, Utah. Retrieved May 19, 2011.
  2. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Park Valley, Utah Genealogy - FamilySearch Wiki". familysearch.org. Retrieved 2016-06-07.
  4. ^ Climate Summary for Park Valley, Utah