Park series

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Park series
Canadian (22263483230).jpg
Strathcona Park on the rear of the Canadian in 1965
Observation car Algonquin Park 2.jpg
Interior of Algonquin Park in 1978
In service 1954–present
Manufacturer Budd
Constructed 1954
Number built 18
Number in service 14
Capacity
  • 3 double bedrooms
  • 1 triple bedroom
Operator(s)
Specifications
Car body construction Stainless steel
Car length 85 feet (26 m)
Width 10 feet 38 inch (3.058 m)
Height 15 feet 10 inches (4.83 m)
Notes
[1]

The Park series or Park car is a fleet of lightweight streamlined dome-sleeper-observation cars built by the Budd Company for the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1954. Each of the 18 cars was named for a Canadian national or provincial park. Via Rail acquired the fleet from Canadian Pacific in 1978 and the cars remain in active service.

Design[edit]

The cars were constructed of stainless steel; save for a Tuscan red letterboard bearing the name "Canadian Pacific" they were unpainted.[1] Each car was named for a Canadian national or provincial park but did not carry numbers.[2] The interiors were largely plastic, including the handrails up to the dome area. Inside at the front of the car were four private rooms: three double bedrooms and one drawing room. A single hallway led to the "Mural lounge." As built in 1954, each lounge had a specially-commissioned 4 by 20 ft (1.2 by 6.1 m) mural depicting the car's namesake. Each car also included a 3 by 5 ft (0.91 by 1.52 m) map of the park. At the rear of the car was the observation lounge, with seating for thirteen. Stairs led up to the dome, with seating for 24. At the time of their construction in 1954 the listed capacity throughout the car was 54 persons.[1] Via removed the murals in 1986.[3] During a rebuild in the 1990s a panel of clocks was added to the observation lounge showing the different time zones in Canada.[4]

Operation[edit]

Budd delivered 18 Park cars for the Canadian Pacific in 1954 as part of a massive 173-car order which equipped the new transcontinental Canadian and re-equipped the Dominion.[5] The first car to enter service was the Banff Park (named for Banff National Park).[4] Fundy Park (Fundy National Park) was wrecked in a collision at Gull Lake, Saskatchewan, in 1957.[6] Via Rail acquired the remaining 17 Park cars from Canadian Pacific in 1978. As of 2015 14 remain on the roster. They are always assigned to the Canadian and the Jasper – Prince Rupert train, and can also be found on the Ocean and the Winnipeg – Churchill train.[7]

Preserved[edit]

Several Park cars are no longer in regular revenue service:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "The 50th Anniversary of the CPR Stainless Steel Passenger Fleet" (PDF). Canadian Rail (503): 211–223. November–December 2004. 
  2. ^ Randall, W. David (1974). Railway Passenger Car Annual, Volume I, 1973-1974. Park Forest, IL: RPC Publications. pp. 66–67. 
  3. ^ Greenlaw, Christopher C. N. (2007). VIA Rail. Saint Paul, MN: MBI. p. 36. ISBN 9780760325292. OCLC 71286639. 
  4. ^ a b "Car Banff Park in 2004" (PDF). Canadian Rail (503): 248–249. November–December 2004. 
  5. ^ Murray, Tom (2011). Rails Across Canada: The History of Canadian Pacific and Canadian National Railways. Minneapolis, MN: Voyageur Press. pp. 125–126. ISBN 978-0-7603-4008-0. 
  6. ^ Elson, Harvey W. (February 1976). "The View From The Top" (PDF). Canadian Rail (289): 40. 
  7. ^ a b "Sleeping cars - Park car". Via Rail. Retrieved 6 February 2015. 
  8. ^ "Hiwassee Premium Service". Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum. Retrieved 6 February 2015. 
  9. ^ http://www.ozarkmountainrailcar.com/detail.asp?id=585&n=Riding-Mountain-Park-REDUCED

External links[edit]