Parker ministry

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Parker ministry
3rd cabinet of the Colony of New South Wales
Henry Watson Parker.jpg Australian states history 09.gif
Premier Henry Parker and the Colony of New South Wales (1856–1859)
Date formed 3 October 1856 (1856-10-03)
Date dissolved 7 September 1857 (1857-09-07)
People and organisations
Head of government Henry Parker
Head of state Queen Victoria (represented by William Denison)
No. of ministers 6
Member party unaligned
Status in legislature Minority government
Opposition party unaligned
Opposition leader Charles Cowper
Predecessor First Cowper ministry
Successor Second Cowper ministry

The Parker ministry was the third ministry of the Colony of New South Wales, and was led by the Honourable Henry Parker. Parker was elected in the first free elections for the New South Wales Legislative Assembly held in March 1856 and, following the failure of the Donaldson and Cowper Governments to maintain the confidence of the Assembly, was asked to form Government.[1]

The title of Premier was widely used to refer to the Leader of Government, but not enshrined in formal use until 1920.

There was no party system in New South Wales politics until 1887. Under the constitution, ministers were required to resign to recontest their seats in a by-election when appointed. These by-elections are only noted when the minister was defeated; in general, he was elected unopposed.

This ministry covers the period from 3 October 1856 until on 7 September 1857, when Parker resigned his commission, having lost an electoral bill.[1] During this period, there was a slight re-arrangement to the ministry, following the resignation of William Manning on account of ill-health.[2]

Composition of ministry[edit]

Portfolio Minister Term start Term end Term length
Colonial Secretary
Hon. Henry Parker MLA 3 October 1856 7 September 1857 339 days
Colonial Treasurer Hon. Stuart Donaldson MLA
Secretary for Lands and Works Hon. John Hay MLA
Attorney-General Hon. William Manning MLA 3 October 1856 25 May 1857 234 days
Hon. John Darvall MLA 26 May 1857 7 September 1857 339 days
Solicitor-General 3 October 1856 23 May 1857
Hon. Edward Wise MLA 23 May 1857 7 September 1857 107 days
Vice-President of the Executive Council Hon. Edward Deas Thomson MLC

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Serle, Percival. "Parker, Sir Henry Watson (1808-1881)". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Project Gutenberg Australia. Retrieved 2007-02-26. 
  2. ^ "Former Members - Chronological List of Ministries 1856 to 2009 (requires download)". Project for the Sesquicentenary of Responsible Government in NSW. Parliament of New South Wales. Archived from the original (Excel spreadsheet) on 15 March 2011. Retrieved 2010-01-02. 
Preceded by
First Cowper ministry
Parker ministry
Succeeded by
Second Cowper ministry