Parkersburg Bridge (CSX)

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Parkersburg Bridge
Belpre Parkersburg Bridge.jpg
The Parkersburg-Belpre Bridge (foreground), the CSX Bridge (middle ground), and the Memorial Bridge (background), crossing the Ohio River, as viewed from Point Park in Parkersburg, West Virginia.
Coordinates 39°16′15.5″N 81°33′56.5″W / 39.270972°N 81.565694°W / 39.270972; -81.565694Coordinates: 39°16′15.5″N 81°33′56.5″W / 39.270972°N 81.565694°W / 39.270972; -81.565694
Carries CSX Transportation
Crosses Ohio River
Locale Parkersburg, West Virginia
Official name Parkersburg Bridge
Maintained by CSX Transportation
Characteristics
Design truss bridge
Total length 7,140 feet (2,180 m)
History
Opened 1871
Sixth Street Railroad Bridge
Sixth Street Railroad Bridge.jpg
Sixth Street Railroad Bridge, 1973
Parkersburg Bridge (CSX) is located in West Virginia
Parkersburg Bridge (CSX)
Parkersburg Bridge (CSX) is located in the US
Parkersburg Bridge (CSX)
Location 6th Street, Parkersburg, West Virginia
Coordinates 39°16′2″N 81°33′32″W / 39.26722°N 81.55889°W / 39.26722; -81.55889
Area 0.8 acres (0.32 ha)
Built May 18, 1869 – January 7, 1871
MPS Downtown Parkersburg MRA
NRHP Reference # 82001785[1]
Added to NRHP December 10, 1982

The Parkersburg Bridge crosses the Ohio River between Parkersburg, West Virginia, and Belpre, Ohio. Designed by Jacob Linville, the bridge has 46 spans: 25 deck plate girder, 14 deck truss, 6 through truss, and 1 through plate girder. 50,000 cubic yards (38,000 m3) of stone were used for the 53 piers. The bridge was constructed from May 1869 to January 1871 by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. At the time of its completion, the bridge was reportedly the longest in the world at 7,140 feet (2,180 m).[2][3]

The approach spans were replaced 1898–1900, and the river spans were replaced 1904–1905. The original piers were retained. The steel structure atop the piers was rebuilt between about 1914 and 1917. One channel span was replaced in 1972 after a barge transporting an empty gasoline tanker[4] exploded under the bridge.[2][3]

The bridge was a part of the B&O's Baltimore – St. Louis mainline and offered the railroad easy access to Ohio in transporting coal and other materials to the east coast. Currently the bridge handles traffic on CSX Transportation's Marietta Subdivision.[3]

It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982 under the name Sixth Street Railroad Bridge.[1] At the time of the listing, the bridge was still owned by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b c Eliza Smith and Christina Mann (December 1981). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Sixth Street Railroad Bridge" (PDF). State of West Virginia, West Virginia Division of Culture and History, Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2011-09-15. 
  3. ^ a b c Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Parkersburg Bridge, Ohio River, Parkersburg, Wood County, WV Historic American Engineering Record, accessed 22 August 2012
  4. ^ http://extras.newsandsentinel.com/frontpages2.asp
  • Track Chart, August 1947; Baltimore & Ohio System, Eastern Region, Monongah Division, Office of the Chief Engineer

External links[edit]