Parkes ministry (1872–75)
|First Parkes ministry|
|14th cabinet of the Colony of New South Wales|
|Date formed||14 May 1872|
|Date dissolved||8 February 1875|
|People and organisations|
|Head of government||Henry Parkes|
|Head of state||Queen Victoria (represented by Hercules Robinson)|
|No. of ministers||10|
|Status in legislature||Minority government|
|Opposition leader||John Robertson|
|Predecessor||Third Martin ministry|
|Successor||Third Robertson ministry|
Having served in the New South Wales Legislative Council between 1854 and 1856, Parkes was elected in the first free elections for the New South Wales Legislative Assembly held in 1856, however resigned from Parliament later that year. He served in the Assembly on several occasions, between 1858 and 1870, being forced to resign on at least on occasion due to his personal insolvency. He came to power as Premier on the first occasion after the Sir James Martin ministry had involved itself in a petty squabble with the colony of Victoria over a question of border duties. The acting-governor had sent for William Forster before parliament met, but he was unable to form a ministry, and in May 1872 Parkes formed his first ministry.
The title of Premier was widely used to refer to the Leader of Government, but not enshrined in formal use until 1920.
There was no party system in New South Wales politics until 1887. Under the constitution, ministers were required to resign to recontest their seats in a by-election when appointed. These by-elections are only noted when the minister was defeated; in general, he was elected unopposed.
This ministry covers the period from 14 May 1872 until 8 February 1875, when Parkes lost the confidence of the Assembly following Governor Robinson's decision to release of the bushranger Frank Gardiner led to the defeat of the ministry.
Composition of ministry
|Portfolio||Minister||Term start||Term end||Term length|
|Hon. Henry Parkes MLA||14 May 1872||8 February 1875||2 years, 270 days|
|Colonial Treasurer||Hon. William Piddington MLA||4 December 1872||204 days|
|Hon. George Lloyd MLA||5 December 1872||8 February 1875||2 years, 65 days|
|Secretary for Lands||Hon. James Farnell MLA a||14 May 1872||8 February 1875||2 years, 270 days|
|Secretary for Mines||9 May 1874||26 July 1874||78 days|
|Hon. Robert Abbott MLA||27 July 1874||8 February 1875||196 days|
|Secretary for Public Works||Hon. John Sutherland MLA||15 May 1872||8 February 1875||2 years, 269 days|
|Attorney-General||Hon. Edward Butler MLA||10 November 1873||1 year, 179 days|
|Hon. Joseph Innes MLA b||20 November 1873||8 February 1875||1 year, 80 days|
|Solicitor-General||14 May 1872||19 November 1873||1 year, 189 days|
|Minister for Justice and Public Instruction||Hon. George Allen MLA||9 December 1873||8 February 1875||1 year, 61 days|
|Postmaster-General||Hon. George Lloyd MLA||14 May 1872||4 December 1872||204 days|
|Hon. Saul Samuel MLC||3 December 1872||8 February 1875||2 years, 67 days|
|Vice-President of the Executive Council
Representative of the Government in Legislative Council
|14 May 1872||2 years, 270 days|
:a Without salary as Secretary for Mines.
- b Without a seat in Cabinet from 9 December 1873.
- Henry Parkes - seventh Premier of New South Wales
- Self-government in New South Wales
- Members of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, 1872–1874
- Members of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, 1874–1877
- Second Parkes ministry (1877)
- Third Parkes ministry (1878–1883)
- Fourth Parkes ministry (1887–1889)
- Fifth Parkes ministry (1889–1891)
- Serle, Percival. "Sir Henry Parkes (1816–1896)". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Project Gutenberg Australia. Retrieved 2007-03-29.
- Martin, A. W. "Parkes, Sir Henry (1815–96)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 2007-04-06.
- "Former Members - Chronological List of Ministries 1856 to 2009 (requires download)". Project for the Sesquicentenary of Responsible Government in NSW. Parliament of New South Wales. Archived from the original (Excel spreadsheet) on 15 March 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-14.
Third Martin ministry
|First Parkes ministry
Third Robertson ministry