Parks College of Engineering, Aviation and Technology
|Saint Louis University|
|Affiliation||Roman Catholic – Jesuit|
|Dean||Michelle B. Sabick|
|Location||St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
Parks College of Engineering, Aviation and Technology is a college within Saint Louis University.
Parks Air College was founded by Oliver Parks in 1927. Parks was America's first federally certified school of aviation, holding the FAA Air Agency Certificate no. 1. Oliver Parks started as the sole flight instructor with two instruction aircraft at Lambert airfield. The venture nearly ended when Parks crashed a Laird Swallow training aircraft leaving only one remaining trainer and was unable to teach lessons while in the hospital. He bought 100 acres in East St. Louis in 1928, and built five buildings the same year. By 1929 Parks operated 35 TravelAir trainers with an enrollment of 600 students.
Parks College was initially a publicly traded company. During the great depression, the Detroit Aircraft Corporation bought up eighty percent of the stock as part of a large merger of aviation entities. Oliver Parks sold most of his assets to buy back a controlling interest. The college students manufactured their own series of biplane aircraft, including the Parks P2A, which became the "hero" of books by author Richard Bach. The college quickly got out of the manufacturing business, selling the P2A rights to Ryan as the Ryan Speedster, and later the Hammond 100.
In 1931 Parks offered an Executive Transport Pilot's course. In the 1930s those enrolled as aeronautical engineers, had to design, construct and test fly their own aircraft. By 1936 the enrollment reached 200 students, with a training fleet that consisted of 49 aircraft including the Kinner Sportster, and Lambert Monocoach twin.
In 1938 Oliver Parks, (representing Parks Air College,) Curtis-Wright Technical Institute, and Boeing School of Aeronautics were requested by Gen Arnold to establish, at their own risk, a Civilian Pilot Training Program including barracks and aircraft to provide basic training for thousands of pilots. As enrollment swelled, Parks further expanded his facilities to include operations at Cape Girardeau and Sikeston, Missouri, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, and Jackson, Mississippi. Parks College trained thousands of aviators and aircraft mechanics during World War II. By the end of the war, more than 37,000 cadets (more than 10% of the Air Corps) had received their primary flight instruction at a Parks institution. A variety of training aircraft were used including PT-13, PT-17, PT-19, and the locally built PT-15 trainers.
In 1935 Parks College started Parks College Airline, a student run airline on a single routes between the College and Chicago, Memphis, Indianapolis and Kansas City. The airline operated into the 1950s flying Cessna T-50 Bamboo Bombers.
Merger with Saint Louis University
Following the rapid decline in wartime training, Parks concluded that future aviation leaders would need a broader, more academic education. Parks donated the college valued at $3 million to Saint Louis University in 1946, remembering the Jesuit help he received after his 1928 air crash.
By the late 1990s Parks campus expanded to 18 buildings, including a Mach 4 windtunnel. The training fleet consisted of Cessna 152, Mooney 201 and Cessna 310 models. Women in Aviation, International founder Dr. Peggy Baty joined Parks College serving from 1990–1995.
In 1996, Saint Louis University closed the historic Cahokia, Illinois campus and later sold it to the village. Classes are now held in the new McDonnell-Douglas Hall building on the Frost Campus in mid-town St Louis. Flight training remained at St. Louis Downtown Airport. The move to the Frost campus allowed the curriculum to be expanded and Masters programs to be added. The college also provides many science classes for the main campus.
Now known as Parks College of Engineering, Aviation, and Technology, it is a modern, growing, active part of the university. In 2008, the FAA granted the college $2.25 million to form the Center for Aviation Safety Research. The center is focused on Safety Management Systems, Safety Culture, Maintenance Aviation Safety Programs, Next Generation Safety Assessment, Incident Investigation, Multi-Risk Analysis, and Next-Generation Maintenance and Engineering.
- Aerospace & Mechanical Engineering
- Aviation Science
- Biomedical Engineering
- Electrical & Computer Engineering
- Civil Engineering
- Interdisciplinary Engineering
- Francis Gabreski – World War II Ace that received primary training at Parks.
- Gene Kranz – NASA Flight Director.
- Earl T. Ricks – United States Air Force Major General, Director of the Air National Guard and Mayor of Hot Springs, Arkansas
- Harrison Thyng – Multiple World War II and Korean War Ace.
- Richard G. Thomas – Aeronautical Engineering, Northrop Grumman, Tacit Blue/Area 51; F-5 spin tests-Edwards Air Force Base, Calif., Boeing Aircraft Company, Wichita, KS.
- "Parks College completes twenty five years". Flying Magazine: 61. August 1952.
- Popular Mechanics: 39. Jan 1931. Missing or empty
- Barnes Warnock McCormick, Conrad F. Newberry, Eric Jumper, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Aerospace engineering education during the first century of flight. p. 822.
- "A life in the clouds". Retrieved 19 September 2011.
- Tom LeCompte (1 July 2006). "At the Movies: Take Two". Air & Space Magazine.
- Robert Williams (February 1993). "Parks College of St. Louis University". Air Progress.
- Popular Mechanics: 35A. January 1937. Missing or empty
- The Army Air Forces in World War II, Volume Six Men and Planes.
- "The Aviation Enterprises of Oliver Parks,". Gateway News. November 1990.
- "Accident Report Parks Air College". Retrieved 1 March 2012.
- Tim Brady. The American aviation experience: a history. p. 160.
- Aviation news, Volume 2. 1944. Missing or empty
- Barnes Warnock McCormick, Conrad F. Newberry, Eric Jumper, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Aerospace engineering education during the first century of flight.
- Robert Williams (February 1993). Air Progress. Missing or empty
- Kelly Nelson (March 2015). "From First Flight to Founder". Sport Aviation: 110.
- Sport Aviation: 14. October 1996. Missing or empty
- John Gilmore (Summer 2012). "Safety First". Universitas.
- "NASA launches fleet of student-built satellites into orbit". Retrieved 3 January 2014.
- Gene Kranz. Failure Is Not an Option Mission Control from Mercury to Apollo 13 and Beyond.
- William E. Oliver. The inner seven the history of seven unique American combat aces of World.
- Cynda Thomas. Hell of A Ride: The Tacit Blue Story.
- Barnes Warnock McCormick, Conrad F. Newberry, Eric Jumper, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Aerospace Engineering Education During The First Century Of Flight. p. 825.
- Lee Ellis. Who's who of NASA astronauts.