Parliament Hill, London
|Location||Hampstead Heath, London|
|Area||932 acres (3.77 km2)|
|Operated by||City of London Corporation|
Parliament Hill is an area of open parkland in the south-east corner of Hampstead Heath in north-west London. The hill, which is 98 metres (322 ft) high, is notable for its views of the capital's skyline.
The Houses of Parliament, which are 6+1⁄4 miles (10.1 km) south of Parliament Hill in the City of Westminster, can be seen from the summit, although construction in the intermediate parts of London has partly obscured them.
A mound on the hill may have been a Bronze Age burial barrow. In 1133, the hill was part of a manor that Henry I gave to a baron called Richard de Balta. During Henry II's reign it was passed to Alexander de Barentyn, the king's butler. The area that was known as Traitors' Hill may have acquired its current name during the English Civil War in the 17th century, when it was occupied by troops loyal to the English Parliament. A legend states that this was the site from where Guy Fawkes and Robert Catesby, of the Gunpowder Plot on November the 5th 1605, planned to watch the destruction of Parliament.
Over time, plots of land in the manor were sold off for building, particularly in the early 19th century, though the hill remained mainly common land. In 1875 Hampstead Heath was acquired for the people by the Metropolitan Board of Works. Thirteen years later Parliament Hill was purchased for the public for £300,000 and added to Hampstead Heath.
Nevertheless, manorial rights to the land remained in private hands until the mid 20th century when they lapsed under Sir Spencer Pocklington Maryon-Wilson, who died in 1944, when the titular estate was passed on to his grandson Shane Gough, 5th Viscount Gough. Until the 1940s, livestock was still reared on the hill to be sold through Smithfields, the London meat market.
It is administered by the City of London Corporation together with the rest of Hampstead Heath. The Eastern (Highgate) side, including Parliament Hill Lido, is known as Parliament Hill Fields, and a local girls' school, Parliament Hill School, is named after it.
Parliament Hill is renowned as a cross-country running venue and hosted the 2009, 2012, 2015 and 2018 English National Cross Country Championships.
Hampstead Rugby Club
The Hill is also used by Hampstead Rugby Club. The senior men's and women's teams train in the middle of the running track and on parts of the hill.
The men's section is one of the oldest in the World. However it was disbanded for the 2nd WW and did not regroup until the mid 1960s.
Since the formation of the RFU leagues it is the only club to be ever present in London 2 NW. The club's most successful seasons were 2016/17 and 2017/18, when they won 18 games and then 19 games and 1 draw.
In film, literature, art and the media
Scenes in films:
- The Wedding Date - 2005
- Notes On A Scandal - 2006
- Run Fatboy Run - 2007
- Before I Go to Sleep - 2014
- Absolutely Anything - 2015
- Allied - 2016
- Eternals - 2021
Scenes in television:
- Turn Up Charlie - 2019
Scenes in literature:
- Cherry, Bridget; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1983). Buildings of England: London 2: South. Harmondsworth England: Penguin. p. 102. ISBN 0140710477.
- "Parliament Hill Park, but Why?".
- Thompson, Hampstead, 130, 165, 195, 317-18, 329- 30; G.L.R.O., E/MW/H, old no. 27/15 (sales parts. 1875).
- Hampstead - Manor and Other Estates | British History Online
- "Hampstead Heath on the City of London website". Archived from the original on 2016-10-30. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
- Adamson, E.V. (2021). Five Strangers. HarperCollins. ISBN 9780008439279. Retrieved 13 July 2021.
- BBC website
- A Map of Hampstead Heath showing the location of Parliament Hill
- for Parliament Hill, London