Parliament of Botswana

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National Assembly
Coat of arms of Botswana.svg
Seats61 members
Meeting place
Parliament Building, Gaborone

The Parliament of Botswana consists of the President and the National Assembly.[1] In contrast to other Parliamentary systems, the Parliament elects the President directly (instead of having both a ceremonial President and a Prime Minister who has real authority as head of government) for a set five-year term of office. A president can only serve 2 full terms. The President is both head of State and of Government in Botswana's parliamentary republican system. Parliament of Botswana is the supreme legislative authority. [2]The former President of Botswana is Ian Khama, who assumed the Presidency on 1 April 2008 and won a full five-year term in the postceding Botswana General elections, which were held on 16 October 2009 and returned his Botswana Democratic Party with a majority of 35 (total of 45) seats in the 61 seat Parliament.

There also exists a body known as Ntlo ya Dikgosi, (The House of Chiefs), which is an advisory body that does not form part of the Parliament.[3]

Botswana is one of only two nations on the African continent (with the other being Mauritius) to have achieved a clean record of free and fair elections since independence, having held 10 elections since 1966 without any serious incidents of corruption.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Botswana, 1966
  2. ^ "Parliament of Botswana". Parliament of Botswana. 19 March 2021. Retrieved 19 March 2021.
  3. ^ Proctor, J. H. (1968). "The House of Chiefs and the Political Development of Botswana". The Journal of Modern African Studies. 6 (1): 59–79. doi:10.1017/S0022278X00016670. ISSN 0022-278X. JSTOR 158677.
  4. ^ US State Department

External links[edit]