National Parliament (East Timor)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Parliament of East Timor)
Jump to: navigation, search
National Parliament
Tetum: Parlamentu Nasionál
Portuguese: Parlamento Nacional
Coat of arms of East Timor.svg
Type
Type
Leadership
President
Prime Minister
Structure
Seats 65 MPs
National Parliament (East Timor) diagram.svg
Political groups
Length of term
5 years
Authority Title III, Part III, Constitution of East Timor
Elections
Party-list proportional representation
Last election
22 July 2017
Meeting place
Parlament klein.jpg
Parliament of Timor-Leste in Dili on 21 June 2002.
Website
www.parlamento.tl
Coat of arms of East Timor.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Timor-Leste
Constitution

The National Parliament (Tetum: Parlamentu Nasionál, Portuguese: Parlamento Nacional) is the unicameral national legislature in East Timor. It was created in 2001 as the Constituent Assembly while the country was still under the supervision of the United Nations, but renamed itself to the National Parliament with the attaining of national independence on 20 May 2002.

Structure[edit]

National Parliament has 65 members, elected every 5 years through party-list proportional representation voting. The three main components of concerning parliament in East Timor are the National Parliament, the Prime Minister, and the President.

President[edit]

The President is elected in a separate election from National Parliament, and their role is the head of state. They are able to reject certain legislation, but their role is limited by the Constitution. The current President, as of 20 May 2017, is Francisco Guterres.

Prime Minister[edit]

The President appoints the Prime Minister, but it is expected that the President will select the leader of the largest party/coalition. Essentially, if no one party is able to form a majority in its own right, then all the members of parliament subsequently elect the head of government. The Prime Minister carries out the function of the head of government. The current Prime Minister, as of 16 February 2015, is Rui Maria de Araújo.

Elections[edit]

Elections are held every 5 years using a party-list proportional representation voting system to elect 65 members to the National Assembly. Voting is voluntary for all East Timorese citizens over the age of 17. There have been four elections for the parliament in East Timor: 2001, 2007, 2012 and 2017.

Current members[edit]

The 3rd National Parliament of East Timor currently consists of 65 members elected in the 2012 election. 30 members are from National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction (CNRT), 25 are from Fretilin, 8 are from the Democratic Party (PD), and 2 are from Frenti-Mudança. Each of these MPs will serve a 5-year term, which began in 2012 and will conclude in 2017.[1]

List of Presidents of the National Parliament[edit]

# Portrait Name Took office End office Party
1 2007 Luo-Olo.JPG Francisco Guterres 20 May 2002 8 August 2007 Fretilin
2 Fernando de Araújo.jpg Fernando de Araújo 8 August 2007 30 July 2012 Democratic Party
3 Vicente da Silva Guterres.jpg Vicente Guterres 30 July 2012 2016 CNRT
4 Adérito Hugo da Costa 2016-06-16.jpg Adérito Hugo da Costa 2016 Incumbent CNRT

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 8°33′17″S 125°34′43″E / 8.55472°S 125.57861°E / -8.55472; 125.57861