Parliament of Nepal

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Parliament of Nepal
नेपालको संसद
Emblem of Nepal.svg
Houses House of Representatives 275
National Assembly 59
Seats 334 members (275 and 59)
single-seat constituency
Meeting place
Emblem of Nepal.svg
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The current parliament of Nepal is the Legislature Parliament of Nepal, which term will be expired by 21 January 2018 (7 Magh, 2074 BS).[1] The former Parliament of Nepal was dissolved by King Gyanendra in 2002, on the grounds that it was incapable of handling the Maoist rebels. The country's five main political parties have staged protests against the king, arguing that he must either call fresh elections or reinstate the elected legislature. In 2004, the king announced that parliamentary elections would be held within twelve months; in April 2006, in response to major pro-democratic protests, it was announced that Parliament would be reestablished.[2]The current prime minister of Nepal is Sher Bahadur Deuba.


After the success of the April 2006 people's movement, on January 15, 2007, the old parliament was dissolved and replaced by the 330-member interim legislature of Nepal.[citation needed] By the legislature an Interim Constitution was promulgated and a constituent assembly election was held in April 2008. The 601-member assembly on 28 May 2008 abolished the 238-year-old monarchy and declared the country a republic. The parliament cum constituent assembly, which was initially given two years to draft a new constitution, was dissolved on 27 May 2012 after its failure to draft a new constitution due to differences over restructuring the state.

Size and term[edit]

According to the Constitution of Nepal 2015 Nepal will have a two chamber Parliament (संसद)[3]

  • The House of Representatives (प्रतिनिधि सभा) will have 275 members elected for a five year term, 165 from single-seat constituencies and 110 from a proportional party list.
  • The National Assembly (राष्ट्रिय सभा) will have 59 members elected for six years term.

Among the 59 members three members are nominated by the President. The remaining 56 are elected from 7 provinces equally (Eight each) including 3 female 1 Dalits and 1 from differently abled groups.

Formation by conversion[edit]

The second Nepalese Constituent Assembly was converted into legislative parliament of Nepal after the promulgation of the constitution on September 20, 2015.[4] The second Nepalese Constituent Assembly was formed after failure of first Constituent Assembly to draft a new constitution. The second Nepalese Constituent Assembly has completed its task by successfully promulgating the constitution on September 20, 2015.

Women's Representation in the National Parliament[edit]

Nepal currently has a woman as speaker of the Parliament. On Oct 16, 2015 Parliament unanimously elected UCPN-Maoist lawmaker Onsari Gharti Magar, as the speaker of the house.[5] Women’s representation in the Parliament of Nepal has increased in the Constituent Assembly, which will have immense role to draft the future constitution of Nepal.[2]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]