National Parliament of Papua New Guinea

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National Parliament of Papua New Guinea
Type
Type
Structure
Seats 111
(2 vacant)
Papua New Guinea parliament apportionment, as of the 2012 general election.svg
Political groups

Government (81)

  People's National Congress Party: 52 seats
  National Alliance Party: 11 seats
  United Resources Party: 8 seats
  People's Progress Party: 7 seats
  People's Party: 2 seats
  United Party: 1 seat

Opposition (28)

  Triumph Heritage Empowerment Rural Party: 6 seats
  New Generation Party: 3 seats
  Pangu Party: 3 seats
  Papua New Guinea Party: 2 seats
  People's Democratic Movement: 2 seats
  People's United Assembly: 2 seats
  Coalition for Reform: 1 seat
  Melanesian Liberal Party: 1 seat
  People's Movement for Change: 1 seat
  Social Democratic Party: 1 seat
  Star Alliance: 1 seat
  Independents: 5 seats
Elections
Instant-runoff voting
Last election
23 June-13 July 2012
Meeting place
Port Moresby
Website
www.parliament.gov.pg
Emblem of Papua New Guinea.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Papua New Guinea
The main entrance of the National Parliament building

The National Parliament of Papua New Guinea is the unicameral national legislature in Papua New Guinea. It was created in 1964 as the House of Assembly of Papua and New Guinea but gained its current name after the nation was granted independence in 1975.

The 111 members of parliament serve five-year terms, 89 of whom are chosen from single-member "open" electorates, which are sometimes referred to as "seats" but are officially known as constituencies. The remaining 22 are chosen from single-member provincial electorates: the 20 provinces, the autonomous province of Bougainville (North Solomons), and the National Capital District. Each provincial member becomes governor of his province unless he takes a ministerial position, in which case the governorship passes to an open member of the province.[1]

From 1964 until 1977 an Optional Preferential Voting System was used.[citation needed] The first past the post system was used from 1977 until 2002. Electoral reforms introduced by former Prime Minister Mekere Morauta introduced Limited Preferential Voting, in which voters numbered three preferred candidates. LPV was first used nationally in the 2007 election.[2]

As in other Commonwealth realms, the party or coalition with the most seats in the parliament is invited by the Governor-General to form a government, and its leader subsequently becomes Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea. The Prime Minister then appoints his cabinet from fellow parliament members. (Members of parliament are seated in a similar manner to other Westminster system parliaments, but use chairs instead of benches.)

Papua New Guinea has a fractious political culture, and no party in the history of parliament has yet won a majority.[1] Therefore, negotiations between parties have always been necessary to form governments. New governments are protected from votes of no confidence during their first 18 months and during the last 12 months before a national election. More recently, in a move aimed at further minimizing no-confidence motions, then-Prime Minister Mekere Morauta introduced changes that prevented members of the government from voting in favour of such a motion.[citation needed]

All citizens over the age of 18 may vote, although voting is not compulsory.[3]

Latest election[edit]

Party Candidates Seats won  % of seats
People's National Congress Party 89 27 24.32%
Triumph Heritage Empowerment Rural Party 72 12 10.81%
Papua New Guinea Party 88 8 7.21%
National Alliance Party 75 7 6.31%
United Resources Party 48 7 6.31%
People's Party 49 6 5.41%
People's Progress Party 40 6 5.41%
Social Democratic Party 40 3 2.7%
Coalition for Reform Party 15 2 2.7%
Melanesian Liberal Party 5 2 2.7%
New Generation Party 27 2 2.7%
People's Movement for Change Party 51 2 2.7%
People's United Assembly Party 29 2 2.7%
People's Democratic Movement 19 2 2.7%
Indigenous People's Party 44 1 0.9%
Our Development Party 22 1 0.9%
Pangu Party 60 1 0.9%
Papua New Guinea Constitutional Democratic Party 39 1 0.9%
PNG Country Party 46 1 0.9%
Stars Alliance Party 22 1 0.9%
United Party 20 1 0.9%
Independent 2197 16 14.41%
Total 111 100%
Source: PNG Electoral Commission


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "About Our Parliament". National Parliament of Papua New Guinea. Archived from the original on July 27, 2015. Retrieved 19 May 2015. 
  2. ^ "Papua New Guinea National Elections 2012: Final Report". Commonwealth of Nations. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 19 May 2015. 
  3. ^ "Voting". Electoral commission of Papua New Guinea. Archived from the original on 16 March 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2015. 

External links[edit]