|40th Quebec Legislature|
|Houses||Legislative Council (1867-1968)
Legislative Assembly (1867-1968)
National Assembly (1968-)
|Founded||July 1, 1867|
|Preceded by||Parliament of the Province of Canada|
|Parliament Building, Quebec City, Quebec|
The Quebec Legislature (officially Parliament of Quebec, French: Parlement du Québec) is the legislature of the province of Quebec, Canada, since Confederation in 1867. Today, the legislature is made of two elements: the monarch of Canada, represented by the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec, and the unicameral assembly called the National Assembly of Quebec. The legislature has existed since 1867 when Quebec, then called Canada East, became one of the founding colonies of Canadian Confederation. From 1867 until 1968 the legislature was bicameral, containing a lower chamber called the Legislative Assembly of Quebec and an upper chamber called the Legislative Council of Quebec.
Like the Canadian federal government, Quebec uses a Westminster-style parliamentary government, in which members are elected to the National Assembly after general elections and from there the party with the most seats chooses a Premier of Quebec and Executive Council of Quebec. The premier acts as Quebec's head of government, while the Queen of Canada acts as its head of state. When the party with the most seats has fewer than half of the total number of seats, it forms a minority government, which can be voted out of power by the other parties.