Parliament of the Republic of Moldova

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Parliament of the Republic of Moldova

Parlamentul Republicii Moldova
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Founded1991
Leadership
Zinaida Greceanîi, PSRM
since 8 June 2019
Structure
Seats101
Moldova Parliament 2019.svg
Political groups
Government (61)
  •      PSRM (35)
  •      ACUM (26)
    •      PAS (14)
    •      DA (12)

Opposition (40)

Elections
Last election
24 February 2019
Next election
Next
Meeting place
Interiorul Parlamentului RM (Ziua uşilor deschise).jpg
Palace of the Parliament, Chişinău, Moldova
Website
http://www.parlament.md/
Coat of arms of Moldova.svg
This article is part of a series on the
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Moldova
Administrative divisions
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The Parliament of the Republic of Moldova is the supreme representative body of the Republic of Moldova, the only state legislative authority, being a unicameral structure composed of 101 elected deputies on lists, for a period of 4 years. Parliament is elected by universal vote, equal directly, secret and freely expressed. The President of the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova is elected by the Parliament, with a minimum of 52 votes. Nowadays this function is fulfilled by Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova leader Zinaida Greceanîi.

The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Moldova, on a proposal of the Central Electoral Commission, decides to validate or invalidate the mandate of deputy. The mandate is invalid in the case of violation of electoral legislation. The Parliament is meeting at the convening of the Speaker of the Parliament within 30 days of the elections. Parliament's mandate is prolonged until the legal meeting of the new composition. During this period the Constitution cannot be amended and organic laws cannot be adopted, amended or abrogated.[1]

Apparatus[edit]

The Parliament staff ensures an organizational, informational and technological assistance to activity of the Parliament, the Standing Bureau, standing committees, parliamentary factions and of deputies. The structure and the personal record of the parliament staff are approved by the Parliament.

Legislative procedure[edit]

According to the Constitution of Moldova (1994), the Parliament is the supreme representative organ and the single legislative authority of the state. The right of legislative initiative belongs to the Members of Parliament, to the Speaker (excepting proposals to revise the Constitution) and to the Government. In exercise of this right MPs and the President of the state present to Parliament draft papers and legislative proposals, while the Government presents draft papers.

Parliamentary factions[edit]

In order to form the working bodies and to organize the activity of the parliament, deputies form parliamentary factions composed of at least 5 deputies elected on the basis of lists of electoral contestants, as well as parliamentary factions with the same numerical composition as independent deputies. The parliamentary factions are constituted within 10 days after the legal constitution of the parliament. The 101 deputies elected on February 24, 2019 voting constituted 4 parliamentary factions:[2]

Political Group Party Chairman Faction Leader MPs
     Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM) Zinaida Greceanîi Vlad Batrîncea 35
     Democratic Party of Moldova (DPM) Dumitru Diacov 30
     Party of Action and Solidarity (PAS) Maia Sandu Igor Grosu 12
     Dignity and Truth Platform Party (DTPP) Andrei Năstase Alexandru Slusari 12
     Șor Party (ȘP) Ilan Șor Ilan Șor 7
     Independents 2

Election results[edit]

Structure of former legislatures[edit]

Moldovan Parliament 1994–1998[edit]

28 56 11 9
SPM ADPM BȚI AFPCD

Moldovan Parliament 1998–2001[edit]

40 24 11 26
PCRM DPM DFP CDM

Moldovan Parliament 2001–2005[edit]

71 19 11
PCRM BA PCDP

Moldovan Parliament 2005–2009[edit]

56 12 22 11
PCRM DPM + SLP OMA PCDP

Moldovan Parliament April–July 2009[edit]

60 11 15 15
PCRM OMA LDPM LP

Moldovan Parliament 2009–2010[edit]

48 13 7 18 15
PCRM DPM OMA LDPM LP

Moldovan Parliament 2010–2014[edit]

42 15 32 12
PCRM DPM LDPM LP

Moldovan Parliament 2014–2019[edit]

25 21 19 23 13
PSRM PCRM DPM LDPM LP

Moldovan Parliament 2019–present[edit]

35 30 26 7 3
PSRM DPM ACUM ȘP Ind.

Parliamentary committees[edit]

Permanent Bureau

Presidents of the Parliament of Moldova[edit]

Parliament Building[edit]

The Parliament Building was formerly the meeting place of the Central Committee of the Moldovan branch of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and was built between 1976 and 1979. It is located on Stephen the Great Boulevard formerly known as Lenin Boulevard. The architects were Alexander Cerdanțev and Grigore Bosenco. The building was damaged during civil unrest in 2009[4] and repairs were carried out in 2012 and 2013. Parliament moved back into the restored building in February 2014.[5]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Constitution of Moldova, art. 63, pag. 16.
  2. ^ Structura Parlamentului > Fracțiunile parlamentare
  3. ^ Rulers.org
  4. ^ "De ce rămân în praf şi beznă clădirile Parlamentului şi Preşedinţiei". Timpul - Ştiri din Moldova.
  5. ^ "allmoldova". Archived from the original on 2014-01-02.

External links[edit]