Parliament railway station

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Parliament
Commuter rail station
Parliament Platform 3.jpg
Looking down platform 3
LocationSpring Street, Melbourne
Australia
Coordinates37°48′41″S 144°58′23″E / 37.81139°S 144.97306°E / -37.81139; 144.97306Coordinates: 37°48′41″S 144°58′23″E / 37.81139°S 144.97306°E / -37.81139; 144.97306
Owned byVicTrack
Operated byMetro
Line(s)Alamein (weekday pre-peak and post-peak only)
Belgrave
Craigieburn
Cranbourne
Frankston (weekday peaks and weekends only)
Glen Waverley
Hurstbridge
Lilydale
Pakenham
Sandringham (weekends only)
Mernda
Sunbury
Upfield
Werribee (weekends only)
Platforms4 (2 island)
Tracks4
Construction
Structure typeUnderground
Depth40 m[1]
Platform levels2
Disabled accessYes (lift)
Other information
StatusPremium station
Station codePAR
Fare zone1
WebsitePublic Transport Victoria
History
Opened22 January 1983
ElectrifiedYes
Traffic
Passengers (2008-2009)10.276 million[2]
Passengers (2009-2010)10.484 million[2]Increase 2.03%
Passengers (2010-2011)10.757 million[2]Increase 2.6%
Passengers (2011-2012)10.734 million[2]Decrease 0.22%
Passengers (2012-2013)Not measured[2]
Passengers (2013-2014)10.963 million[2]Increase 2.14%
Services
Direction of travel on metropolitan lines between stations on the City Loop changes to either Melbourne Central or Flinders Street depending on the line and time of day.
Preceding station   Metro Trains   Following station
One-way operation
Mernda line
towards Mernda
Hurstbridge line
towards Hurstbridge
Lilydale line
towards Lilydale
Belgrave line
towards Belgrave
Alamein line
towards Alamein
Glen Waverley line
towards Glen Waverley
Pakenham line
towards Pakenham
Cranbourne line
towards Cranbourne
Frankston line
towards Frankston
Sandringham line
One-way operation
towards Upfield
Upfield line
Terminus
towards Craigieburn
Craigieburn line
towards Sunbury
Sunbury line
One-way operation
Werribee line
Customers for the Williamstown line must change at Southern Cross (weekday mornings), North Melbourne (weekday afternoons) or Newport (weekends).

Parliament railway station is an underground station on the metro network in Melbourne, Australia. It is one of five stations (and one of three underground) on the City Loop, which encircles the Melbourne CBD. In 2011/12 it was the 4th busiest station on Melbourne's metropolitan network, with 10.7 million passenger movements.[3]

The station services Melbourne's government district, and is underneath the Parliament House of Victoria and the intersection of Bourke and Spring Streets, at the eastern end of the CBD.

History[edit]

The station platforms were constructed using mining methods. Each platform is an individual tunnel, and are linked to the other platform in the same level by a number of cross tunnels. This choice in design left the remaining pillar of rock between the tunnels too weak to support the required loads, so it was replaced with concrete. A pilot tunnel was made, enabling the walls to be constructed ahead of the main excavation.[4]

The booking hall to the south was constructed 'upside down', with the support columns dug with augers from ground level, then filled with concrete. The roof was then constructed over these piles from ground level during a series of staged road closures, and once this was completed the excavation of the booking hall could be carried out underneath, while road traffic continued overhead. During construction the Parliament House fence had to be removed, stored then re-erected.[4]

The station opened on 22 January 1983.[5] At the time of opening the station had the longest escalators in the southern hemisphere.[4]

In 2025, Pakenham, Cranbourne and Sunbury railway lines will cease to stop at Parliament Station as the Metro Tunnel Project opens.

Facilities[edit]

Parliament station has three underground levels. It has a concourse level and four platforms on the two levels underneath. Each platform serves a separate group of rail lines that leave the Loop and radiate out into the city's suburbs.

Parliament has two separate concourses. They each have a ticket office, toilets and ticket operated gates.

  • The northern is located at the junction of Spring, Lonsdale and Nicholson Streets, and has three escalators and a lift going down to the platforms, as well has a lift and steps leading to street level.
  • The southern concourse is near the Spring and Collins Street intersection, and has four escalators descending to the platforms. There are three exits to ground level via steps: one to MacArthur Street, the other two exits on Spring Street, facing Bourke Street and near Collins Street.

Platforms & services[edit]

Platform 1 - Clifton Group

Platform 2 - Caulfield Group

Platform 3 - Northern Group

Platform 4 - Burnley Group

Transport links[edit]

Yarra Trams operate seven services via Parliament station:

Spring Street

Bourke Street

Collins Street

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20050718073039/http://www.doi.vic.gov.au/doi/doielect.nsf/2a6bd98dee287482ca256915001cff0c/44507f9d12a4406cca25700c0012fe36/$FILE/MURL%20booklet.pdf
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Train Station Patronage FY2008-2014" (XLS). Public Transport Victoria. 14 May 2015. Archived from the original on 30 March 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016. (access from "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 November 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link))
  3. ^ Station Patronage Research Public Transport Victoria
  4. ^ a b c History of Melbourne's Underground Rail System Metropolitan Transport Authority
  5. ^ Department of Infrastructure. "Public transport - City Loop history". www.doi.vic.gov.au. Archived from the original on 20 May 2009. Retrieved 20 July 2008.
  6. ^ "35 City Circle (Free Tourist Tram)". Public Transport Victoria.
  7. ^ "86 Bundoora RMIT - Waterfront City Docklands". Public Transport Victoria.
  8. ^ "96 East Brunswick - St Kilda Beach". Public Transport Victoria.
  9. ^ "11 West Preston - Victoria Harbour Docklands". Public Transport Victoria.
  10. ^ "12 Victoria Gardens - St Kilda". Public Transport Victoria.
  11. ^ "48 North Balwyn - Victoria Harbour Docklands". Public Transport Victoria.
  12. ^ "109 Box Hill - Port Melbourne". Public Transport Victoria.

External links[edit]