Parliamentary inquiries by the Belgian Federal Parliament
Both Chambers of the Federal Parliament, the Senate and the Chamber of Representatives, have the right to conduct parliamentary inquiries pursuant to article 56 of the Belgian Constitution, which provides that "Each Chamber has the right of inquiry". Committees of inquiry were rarely set up until 20 years ago, and have been used increasingly in the recent past, dealing with matters deemed of major public concern or apparent governmental failure.
Inquiries by the Chamber of Representatives
1880: Education reform and legislation
May 5, 1880: Parliamentary inquiry commission concerning the moral and material situation of Belgium's primary education system, the results of the law of July 1, 1879, and the means used to inhibit implementation of this law.
1909: Draft legislation
March 10, 1909: Parliamentary inquiry in order to resolve the outcomes of the law of May 21 1902 (a change in the militia law and the law on compensation for drafted men).
1935: Monetary devaluation
April 17, 1935: Parliamentary inquiry to determine the responsibilities in the devaluation of the Belgian franc, as set down in the law passed March 30, 1935 and the Royal Decree of March 31, 1935.
January 15, 1959: Parliamentary inquiry commission concerning the riots that took place in Leopoldstad in January 1959.
1972: Publicity on state-run television networks
1985: Handling of "Heizel-drama"
June 6, 1985: Parliamentary inquiry commission to the causes, the circumstances, and the lessons that should be drawn from the tragic events that took place on May 29, 1985, during the football match between Liverpool and Juventus Turin.
1987: Arms sales to embargoed countries
April 9, 1987: Parliamentary inquiry commission for research on the Belgian arms and munition sales to countries in armed conflicts, or against which a weapons embargo is in place.
1988: Fraud and non-proliferation treaty breaches
March 17, 1988: Parliamentary inquiry commission for the study of the range, the causes, and the results of possible fraud and of possible violations of the Non-Proliferation Treaty by the Studiecentrum voor Kernenergie (SCK), and related companies.
1988: Handling of major crime and terrorism
April 21, 1988: Parliamentary inquiry commission to research methods of opposing banditry and terrorism.
1988: Arms sales to embargoed countries
June 16, 1988: Parliamentary inquiry commission for research into Belgian arms and munition sales to countries in armed conflicts, or against which a weapons embargo has been declared.
1992: Human trafficking
November 26, 1992: Parliamentary enquiry commission to research a structural policy concerning punishment for and eradication of human trafficking.
1992: Waste transport
March 5, 1992: Parliamentary inquiry commission concerning import, export, and transport of industrial and domestic waste substances.
1993: Military purchases
June 17, 1993: Parliamentary inquiry commission to investigate army purchases.
1995: Handling of the Nijvel gang case
June 13, 1995: Parliamentary inquiry commission to look into the necessary adjustments in the organisation and workings of the police and justice system, based on the difficulties that arose during the attacks of the Nijvel gang.
1996: Policy regarding sects
March 6, 1996: Parliamentary inquiry commission on the formation of policy to combat illegal practices of sects, to reduce the danger to society and to minors in particular.
1996: Handling of the Dutroux/Nihoul case
October 17, 1996: Parliamentary inquiry commission to research the way the inquiries were conducted by the police and the court in the case "Dutroux-Nihoul and their likes".
1996: Murder of André Cools
Inquiries by the Senate
1951: Tax collection
March 1, 1951: Parliamentary inquiry commission on the activities of the service of the Sequester.
1980: Militia activity
June 19, 1980: Parliamentary inquiry commission concerning the problems related to private militias and keeping order.
1987: Arms sales to embargoed countries
April 7, 1987: Parliamentary enquiry commission to research the circumstances in which Belgium would have been involved in trade and trafficking of weapons and munition, either directly or indirectly, to countries the government has decided to place under embargo.
1988: Nuclear security
March 23, 1988: Parliamentary inquiry commission to research and evaluate the guidelines regarding to nuclear security, the measures taken for education and protection of the population, and the means of evacuation in case of elevated radioactivity within the country's territories.
1990: Gladio network
December 20, 1990: Parliamentary inquiry commission to research the discovery of the existence of a secret international intelligence network in Belgium under the name of "Gladio".
The Belgian branch of Operation Gladio was a secret military unit trained to form a resistance movement in the event of an communist invasion by the Soviet Union. Its existence became publicly known on November 14, 1990, when Defense minister Guy Coëme announced its existence in Belgium, following Italian Premier Giulio Andreotti's revelations concerning the Italian branch of Gladio.
Because questions and allegations where raised regarding its functioning and oversight, and possible connections between Gladio-operatives and criminal and terroristic activities in Belgium during the previous decade, a parliamentary inquiry was initiated.
1996: Organized crime activity
July 18, 1996: Parliamentary inquiry commission for research into organised crime in Belgium.
1997: Rwanda inquiry
January 23, 1997: Establishment of a special commission on Rwanda.
- "Right of Inquiry". The Belgian Senate. Retrieved 2006-11-20.