Parmacellidae

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Parmacellidae
Temporal range: ?Upper Eocene, Lower Pliocene-Recent[1]
Parmacella valenciennii.jpg
Parmacella valenciennii
Cryptella canariensis.jpg
Two views of a live individual of Cryptella canariensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
informal group Sigmurethra
clade limacoid clade
Superfamily: Parmacelloidea
Family: Parmacellidae
P. Fischer, 1856 (1855)
Genera

See text

Synonyms

Cryptellidae Gray, 1855 (nomen oblitum)[2]

Parmacellidae is a family of air-breathing land slugs, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks within the superfamily Parmacelloidea (according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005).

This family has no subfamilies (according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005).

Slugs in this family make and use love darts made of chitin.

Distribution[edit]

Distribution of Parmacellidae include western Palearctic[3] and ranges from Canary Islands and Europe to Afghanistan.[1]

Genera[edit]

Genera within family Parmacellidae include:

Cladogram[edit]

The following cladogram shows the phylogenic relationship of this family with the other families in the limacoid clade:[3]


 limacoid clade 
 Staffordioidea 

Staffordiidae




 Dyakioidea 

Dyakiidae


 Gastrodontoidea 

Pristilomatidae




Chronidae




Euconulidae



Trochomorphidae





Gastrodontidae



Oxychilidae







 Parmacelloidea 

Trigonochlamydidae



Parmacellidae



Milacidae





 Zonitoidea 

Zonitidae


 Helicarionoidea 

Helicarionidae




Ariophantidae



Urocyclidae





 Limacoidea 

Vitrinidae




Boettgerillidae




Limacidae



Agriolimacidae










References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Family summary for Parmacellidae". AnimalBase, last modified 21 February 2009, accessed 1 September 2010.
  2. ^ Schileyko A. A. (2003). "On the conservation of the name Parmacellidae P. Fischer, 1856". Ruthenica 13(2): 167-168. PDF.
  3. ^ a b Hausdorf B. (2000). "Biogeography of the Limacoidea sensu lato (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora): Vicariance Events and Long-Distance Dispersal". Journal of Biogeography 27(2): 379-390. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2699.2000.00403.x, JSTOR.
  4. ^ Kantor Yu I., Vinarski M. V., Schileyko A. A. & Sysoev A. V. (published online on December 22, 2009). "CATALOGUE OF THE CONTINENTAL MOLLUSKS OF RUSSIA AND ADJACENT TERRITORIES". Version 2.3.
  5. ^ Schileyko A. A. (2007). "Levanderiella, a new name for Levanderia Likharev et Wiktor, 1980 (Pulmonata, Parmacellidae)". Ruthenica 17(1-2): 84. PDF.
  6. ^ a b Parmacellidae. Fauna Europaea, accessed 19 November 2009.

Further reading[edit]

  • Schileyko A. A. (2003). "Treatise on recent terrestrial pulmonate mollusks. 10. Ariophantidae, Ostracolethaidae, Ryssotidae, Milacidae, Dyakiidae, Staffordiidae, Gastrodontidae, Zonitidae, Daudebardiidae, Parmacellidae". Ruthenica, Supplement 2. 1309-1466.

External links[edit]