Parnawa Voivodeship

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Parnawa Voivodeship
Województwo parnawskie
Voivodeship of Livonia¹

Coat of arms of Parnawa

Coat of arms
Location of Parnawa
Parnawa Voivodeship in the Duchy of Livonia.
Capital Parnawa
 •  Established 1598
 •  Polish–Swedish War 1621
Area 12,000 km2 (4,633 sq mi)
¹ The Duchy of Livonia was a vassal to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania until the Union of Lublin in 1569, and after that a part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

The Parnawa Voivodeship (Polish: Województwo parnawskie) [1] was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Duchy of Livonia, part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, since it was formed in 1598 until the Swedish conquest of Livonia in the 1620s. The seat of the voivode was Parnawa (Pärnu).

The voivodeship was created by King Zygmunt III Waza, and it was based on the Parnawa Presidency, created by King Stefan Batory in 1582, after the Truce of Yam-Zapolsky. It effectively ceased to exist in 1621, but officially, Parnawa Voivodeship existed until the Treaty of Oliva (1660). Its main towns were: Parnawa, Felin, Wolmar, Karkus, Salis, Lemsal, and Helme.

The title of Voivode of Parnawa, as well as other local titles, remained in use until the Partitions of Poland. It was one of the so-called fictitious titles (Polish: urzad fikcyjny).


The voivodes of Dorpat Voivodeship.[1]


  1. ^ a b Niesiecki, Kasper (1846). Herbarz polski Kaspra Niesieckiego (in Polish). Waif. p. 228.

Coordinates: 58°23′00″N 24°30′00″E / 58.383333°N 24.500000°E / 58.383333; 24.500000