Parnell Street

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Parnell Street
ParnellStWM.jpg
Parnell Street is a major artery in central Dublin. It is home to the city's unofficial Chinatown and Koreatown
Parnell Street is located in Central Dublin
Parnell Street
Native name Sráid P(h)arnell  (Irish)
Namesake Charles Stewart Parnell
Length 1.0 km (0.6 mi)
Width Up to 32 metres (105 ft)
Location Dublin, Ireland
Postal code D01
Coordinates 53°21′09″N 6°15′42″W / 53.35250°N 6.26167°W / 53.35250; -6.26167Coordinates: 53°21′09″N 6°15′42″W / 53.35250°N 6.26167°W / 53.35250; -6.26167
west end Capel Street
east end Gardiner Street, Summerhill
Other
Known for Rotunda Hospital, the Ambassador Theatre and the Gate Theatre

Parnell Street (Irish: Sráid Pharnell) is a street in Dublin, Ireland, which runs from Capel Street in the west to Gardiner Street and Mountjoy Square in the east. It is at the north end of O'Connell Street, where it forms the south side of Parnell Square.

History[edit]

Rotunda Hospital, Parnell Street

Originally, Parnell Street was part of the ancient road connecting the old city to the northern coast, with Father Matthew Bridge connecting Church Street and Wood Quay in the east, to Ballybough and Fairview in the west. During the 18th century, the development of Amiens Street and Annesley Bridge provided a new coast road, and Parnell Street and its continuation to the east, Summerhill, became home to Georgian architecture. The Rotunda Hospital, the Ambassador Theatre and the Gate Theatre are all on Parnell Street.

Formerly Great Britain Street,[1] the street was renamed after Charles Stewart Parnell when Dublin Corporation adopting a resolution on 1 October 1911 after the erection of the statue to Parnell on the street as it meets O'Connell Street.[2]

The western end of Parnell Street has been substantially redeveloped in recent years. The urban regeneration came after road plans by Dublin Corporation devastated the street in the 1970s, when it was scheduled to be part of the Inner Tangent Road scheme, causing massive dereliction and blight. Virtually all of the original Georgian architecture was destroyed, the numerous business and houses demolished and subsequently replaced by buildings of a much larger scale. The street was developed into a dual-carriageway. The Ilac Centre is the oldest shopping centre in the city centre and has an entrance onto Parnell Street.[3]

Ireland's largest independent bookshop, Chapters Bookstore in Parnell Street, traded for 40 years before closing in 2022.[4][5]

Regeneration[edit]

The Moore Street Mall also has an entrance on Parnell Street. Cineworld (UGC) cinema on Parnell Street is the largest cinema in Ireland, with 17 screens. The street also has flagship city centre stores for German discount supermarket chains such as Aldi and Lidl.

A Stringfellow's restaurant and strip club operated on Parnell Street for a number of months before closing because of poor trading performance. Various residents' associations, women's groups and Christian groups had campaigned against it, and its demise has been linked to those protests.

The eastern end of Parnell Street, having remained comparatively undeveloped, is now home to a thriving immigrant community. Most notably, a plethora of authentic Chinese and Korean restaurants have lent the east side the reputation of being Dublin's Chinatown. There is also a significant presence of African and East and Central European businesses at the eastern end.

References[edit]

  1. ^ M'Cready, C. T. (1987). Dublin street names dated and explained. Blackrock, Co. Dublin: Carraig. p. 46. ISBN 1-85068-005-1. OCLC 263974843. Archived from the original on 25 September 2021. Retrieved 14 March 2021.
  2. ^ Clerkin, Paul (2001). Dublin street names. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan. p. 141. ISBN 0-7171-3204-8. OCLC 48467800. Archived from the original on 25 September 2021. Retrieved 14 March 2021.
  3. ^ McDonald, Frank (1989). Saving the city : how to halt the destruction of Dublin. Dublin: Tomar Pub. pp. 34–35. ISBN 1-871793-03-3. OCLC 21019180.
  4. ^ Chapters closes its doors: ‘It’s more than a bookshop, it’s really a bit of Dublin’ Irish Times, 2022-01-31
  5. ^ ‘It’s like an institution so it’s just so sad’ – customers shop in Chapters for last time as the iconic bookstore closes its doors Irish Independent, 2022-01-31.

See also[edit]