Parochial church council
A parochial church council (PCC) is the executive committee of a Church of England parish and consists of clergy and churchwardens of the parish, together with representatives of the laity. It has its origins in the vestry committee, which looked after both religious and secular matters in a parish. It is a corporate charitable body.
Legally the council is responsible for the financial affairs of the church parish and the maintenance of its assets, such as churches and church halls. It also assists the clergy in the management of church affairs in the parish, and promoting the mission of the church.
Until 1894, the vestry committee managed both the secular and religious business in a parish. The 1894 Local Government Act took away its secular duties and gave them to the newly-created civil Parish Councils. Church business continued to be managed by the vestry committee until 1921, when PCCs were created after the "Rules for the Representation of the Laity" was adopted in 1919 by the Convocations of Canterbury and York. Most of the remaining functions of vestry meetings of parishes, and of the churchwardens of parishes, which had not been transferred to civil local authorities were transferred to PCCs by the Parochial Church Councils (Powers) Measure 1921. (Measures passed by the Church Assembly, now replaced by the General Synod of the Church of England, are given the force of law by Act of Parliament, the Church of England Assembly (Powers) Act 1919.)
Powers and duties
The powers and duties of PCCs are laid down by the Parochial Church Councils (Powers) Measure 1956. They include the duty to co-operate with the minister (rector, vicar or priest in charge) "in promoting in the parish the whole mission of the Church, pastoral, evangelistic, social and ecumenical."
The PCC is responsible for the financial affairs of the church, and the care and maintenance of the church fabric and its contents, including demanding chancel repair liability, if applicable, from local property owners. These responsibilities are executed by churchwardens or other volunteers. The PCC also has a voice in the forms of service used by the church and may make representations to the bishop and deanery synod on matters affecting the welfare and pastoral care of the parish.
The PCC is required to appoint a church electoral roll officer who maintains the church electoral roll of lay members entitled to take part in the annual parochial church meeting. A new roll must be prepared every 6 years, and revised annually.
The constitution of a PCC is prescribed by the Church Representation Rules, part 9.
A PCC consists of (i) the clergy of the parish, (ii) certain lay people licensed to the parish, (iii) the churchwardens of the parish, (iv) members of the General Synod, diocesan synod or deanery synod who are on the roll of the parish, and (v) representatives of the laity elected at the annual parochial church meeting. To be qualified for election as a representative of the laity, a person must be of the laity, an actual communicant, aged 16 or over, and not disqualified (e.g. by conviction of certain offences, disqualification as a company director or entry on a "barred list"), and must be on the church electoral roll (and, unless under 18, have been on the roll for at least 6 months); he or she must be nominated and seconded by persons on the roll, and be willing to serve.
Churchwardens are elected at an annual Meeting of Parishioners pursuant to the Churchwardens Measure 2001. Churchwardens are ex-officio members of the PCC and its standing committee. Other parish post-holders, such as the secretary, treasurer and sidesmen, are appointed by the PCC.
Every PCC is a charity. "The advancement of religion" is a charitable purpose under the Charities Act 2011. The Charity Commission considers the legal duty of a PCC to promote "the whole mission of the Church, pastoral, evangelistic, social and ecumenical" to be charitable, so all PCCs are charities, regardless of whether they are registered with the Charity Commission and have a charity number. Members of a PCC are therefore trustees of the charity. PCCs with income of more than £100,000 must register with the Charity Commission; those with lower incomes are "excepted charities" which means that they don't have to register or submit annual returns, but otherwise are regulated just like registered charities.
- Halsbury's Statutes of England (1929) vol.6 p.59.
- 11 & 12 Geo.5 No.1
- "Church Representation Rules". The Church of England.
- "Synodical Government Measure 1969, schedule 3".
- "Parochial Church Councils (Powers) Measure 1956".
- Diocese of Oxford PCC support page Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine
- Church Representation Rules , rule 1
- "Church Representation Rules - Part 9". The Church of England.
- "Churchwardens Measure 2001". www.legislation.gov.uk. 10 April 2001. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- "Excepted charities". Charity Commission. 11 June 2014.
- A Handbook for Churchwardens and Parochial Church Councillors, Kenneth MacMorran & Timothy J Briden, London : Mowbray, 2006. ISBN 0-8264-8153-1
- The Churchwarden's Handbook: A Practical Guide, Ian Russell, Stowmarket: Kevin Mayhew, 2000. ISBN 978-1-84003-534-6
- Rotas, Rules and Rectors - How to Thrive being a Churchwarden, Matthew Clements, London : Matador, 2018 ISBN 978-1-78901-631-4
- PCC Tonight, James Lawrence, Coventry: CPAS 2015