Parod

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Parod
Parod - sign.jpg
Parod is located in Israel
Parod
Parod
Coordinates: 32°55′56.27″N 35°26′1.67″E / 32.9322972°N 35.4337972°E / 32.9322972; 35.4337972Coordinates: 32°55′56.27″N 35°26′1.67″E / 32.9322972°N 35.4337972°E / 32.9322972; 35.4337972
District Northern
Council Merom HaGalil
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1949
Founded by Hungarian immigrants
Population (2015)[1] 455

Parod (Hebrew: פָּרוֹד‎) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located in the Upper Galilee near Safed, it falls under the jurisdiction of Merom HaGalil Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 455.

History[edit]

The community was founded in 1949 by immigrants to Israel from Hungary, on land belonging to the depopulated Arab village of Farradiyya.[2]

The kibbutz was initially named "Gardosh" (from Hungarian "Gárdos") to honor József Gárdos, a Hashomer Hatzair activist and member of the founding nucleus, who was successful at organising the escape of fellow Jews from Nazi-controlled Europe throughout the war, survived the Holocaust but died of illness in 1945, soon after liberation.[3] However, it was later renamed Parod after an ancient Jewish community mentioned once in Babylonian Talmud, probably located at the site of Farradiyya.[4] The name, which means "separated," might also hint at the community's location on the border between the Upper and Lower Galilee.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Khalidi, Walid (1992), All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948, Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies, p. 450, ISBN 0-88728-224-5 
  3. ^ David Gur, Brothers for Resistance and Rescue: The Underground Zionist Youth Movement in Hungary during World War II, edited by Eli Netzer, The Society for the Research of the History of the Zionist Youth Movement in Hungary, 2009 (enlarged and revised edition)
  4. ^ Uzi Leibner (2009). Settlement and History in Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine Galilee. Mohr Siebeck. pp. 116–121.