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Girella tricuspidata.jpg
Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Kyphosidae
Genus: Girella
Species: G. tricuspidata
Binomial name
Girella tricuspidata
(Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
  • Boops tricuspidatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1824

Girella tricuspidata, the parore (in New Zealand), or luderick, black bream, or blackfish (in Australia), is a species of sea chub native to coastal marine and brackish waters of southeastern Australia and New Zealand. They prefer rocky reefs, inshore habitats such as eelgrass beds, estuaries and mangrove swamps where they can be found down to depths of around 20 metres (66 ft). This species can reach a length of 71 centimetres (28 in) FL though most do not exceed 35 centimetres (14 in) TL. The maximum known weight of this species is recorded at 4 kilograms (8.8 lb). They have 11-12 fine dark tapering bars on a bluish-grey to greyish-brown body that fades to silvery-white below.[1] It is commercially important and is also popular as a game fish.[2]


  1. ^ Dianne J. Bray, 2011, Luderick, Girella tricuspidata, in Fishes of Australia, accessed 26 Aug 2014,
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Girella tricuspidata" in FishBase. August 2013 version.