Parral, Chile

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Parral
City and Commune
Plaza Parral.JPG
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of the Parral commune in the Maule Region
Location of the Parral commune in the Maule Region
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Parral
Location in Chile
Coordinates (city): 36°09′S 71°50′W / 36.150°S 71.833°W / -36.150; -71.833Coordinates: 36°09′S 71°50′W / 36.150°S 71.833°W / -36.150; -71.833
Country Chile
Region Maule
Province Linares
Founded 1795
Founded by Ambrosio O'Higgins
Named for Maria Luisa of Parma
Government[1] [2]
 • Type Municipality
 • Alcalde Israel Urrutia Escobar (PDC)
Area[3]
 • Total 1,638.4 km2 (632.6 sq mi)
Elevation 162 m (531 ft)
Population (2012 Census)[3]
 • Total 38,922
 • Density 24/km2 (62/sq mi)
 • Urban 26,397
 • Rural 11,425
Sex[3]
 • Men 18,963
 • Women 18,859
Time zone CLT [4] (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) CLST [5] (UTC-3)
Postal code 3630000
Area code(s) 56 + 73
Website Official website (Spanish)

Parral is a city and commune in the Linares Province of Chile's Maule Region.

History[edit]

Parral was founded in 1795 by the Viceroy of Peru, Ambrosio O'Higgins. It was originally named Villa Reina Luisa del Parral in honor of the wife of Carlos IV, the King of Spain.

Parral is the birthplace of poet Pablo Neruda, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1971.

Geography[edit]

Parral is located 40 km (25 mi) south of Linares and 97 kilometers south of Talca, on the southern border of the Maule Region and Linares Province. Parral borders on the north with the communes of Longaví, Retiro and Colbún (with which it shares a short border in the cordillerana zone); on the west with the coomune of Cauquenes (Cauquenes Province); on the south with the communes of Ñiquén and San Fabián and Ñuble Province (Bío-Bío Region); and on the east, with the commune of San Fabián.

The commune of Parral is 1,638.4 km2 (632.6 sq mi) in area.[3] Its most important river is the Perquilauquén, which forms its southern border.

Demography[edit]

The city of Parral is the second most populous city in Linares Province with a population of more than 26,000. According to the 2002 census, 26,397 (70.0%) live in urban areas and 11,425 (30.0%) in surrounding rural areas. The ratio of men to women is 101 to 100. Between the census of 1992 and that of 2002, the population of the municipality fell by 0.6% (245 people), exclusively in the rural population; the city of Parral grew by around 1,900 people (7.7%).[3] Parral has welcomed immigration from Italy and Germany.

Attractions[edit]

Theater and Public Library of Parral.

There are a number of natural and historical attractions in the area of Parral. These include:

  • Termas de Catillo, thermal baths located 27 km (17 mi) east of Parral and 320 m (1,050 ft) above sea level, and the site of a 200-room hotel complex;
  • The Digua Dam reservoir, a largely undeveloped recreational and fishing area;
  • The Bullileo Dam reservoir and Laguna de Amargo recreational area;
  • Fort Viejo, a recreational area and an archaeological site from the time of the Spanish colonization of the Americas (La Conquista);
  • La Balsa, a recreational area near the Andes, with thermal baths nearby.

Administration[edit]

As a commune, Parral is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008-2012 alcalde is Israel Urrutia Escobar (PDC).[1][2]

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Parral is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Guillermo Ceroni (PPD) and Ignacio Urrutia (UDI) as part of the 40th electoral district, (together with Longaví, Retiro, Cauquenes, Pelluhue and Chanco). The commune is represented in the Senate by Hernán Larraín (UDI) and Ximena Rincón González (PDC) as part of the 11th senatorial constituency (Maule-South).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (Spanish) "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades". Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  2. ^ a b (Spanish) "Municipality of Parral". Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e (Spanish) "National Statistics Institute". Retrieved 18 July 2010. 
  4. ^ "Chile Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 2007-05-05. 
  5. ^ "Chile Summer Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 2007-05-05. 

External links[edit]