||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (April 2009)|
|Parras de la Fuente|
|Founded||February 18, 1598|
|Elevation||1,500 m (4,900 ft)|
|Time zone||Central Standard Time (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)|
Parras de la Fuente (Spanish [pa'rras de la fwe'nte] (help·info);(English: Grapevines of the Fountain) is a city located in the southern part of the Mexican state of Coahuila. The city serves as the municipal seat of the surrounding Parras Municipality, which has an area of 9,271.7 km2 (3,579.8 sq mi).
At the census of 2010, the population was 45,423. There are a large number of factories that produce denim, including a Dickies factory, and Parras is also a wine-making place. This region is the oldest wine-making in the Americas.
The former Hacienda del Rosario is the place where Parras de la Fuente was founded in 1598, by Capitán Antón Martín de Zapata. There, the revolutionary and President of Mexico Francisco I. Madero was born in 1873.
The local legend claims that the oldest winery in the Americas is in Parras de la Fuente, and was founded by Lorenzo García in the 16th century. The origin of this myth is none other than Jose Vasconcelos and his biography of Evaristo Madero, but recent research has debunked this assertion. Even earlier research has proven that during most of the 16th century many wineries were founded in central New Spain, Peru, Chile, and modern-day Argentina.
Parras de la Fuente is a Pueblo Mágico, designated in 2004. Parras is called the oasis of the semi-desert of Coahuila state. It has bathing resorts (which were used to generate electric power for industry usage).
The Municipality President's building, a historical attraction, is a replica of the State's Government Palace in Saltillo. The Hostal el Farol is the historic former house of General Raúl Madero. San Ignacio de Loyola church was built in the 17th century. Santo Madero church is located on an extinct volcano plug just north of the town.
- Senator Francisco José Madero González, who was interim Governor of Coahuila from August 12, 1981, to November 30, 1981.
- Parras Summer Program, in Spanish language and culture and appropriate technology; a program of Humboldt State University in Arcata, California
- Jose Vasconcelos "Evaristo Madero: Biografia de un Patricio" (Impresiones Modernas, 1954); Rafael Heliodoro Valle, “The History of Wine in Mexico” American Journal of Enology and Viticulture Vol. 9, No. 3, (1958); Pablo Lacoste "La vid y el vino en América del Sur: El desplazamiento de los polos vitivinícolas (Siglos XVI Al XX)." Revista Universum Vol. 2, no. No. 19 (2004): 62-93.
- "Muere el exgobernador Francisco José Madero". El Siglo de Torreón. 2013-02-22. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
- Link to tables of population data from the Census of 2005 INEGI: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática
- Coahuila Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México
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