Parshatatar

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A Map of the Mitanni kingdom, this extent was likely reached during the reign of Parshatatar

Parshatatar, Paršatar, Barattarna, or Parattarna was the name of a Hurrian king of Mitanni in the fifteenth century BC. Very few records of him are known as sources from Mitanni are rare. Most information we have about the kingdom, especially its early history and kings come from records outside of the state.[1] Dates for the kings can be deduced by comparing the chronology of Mitanni and other states, especially ancient Egypt, at a later date and working back the figures.[2] Information is found in the biography of Idrimi of Alalakh (or Alalah, which became the capital of Aleppo[3]). Parshatatar conquered the area and made Idrimi his vassal, Idrimi becoming king of Aleppo.[4] Mitanni in his time probably extended as far as Arrapha in the east, Terqa in the south, and Kizzuwatna in the West.[5] Parshatatar may have been the Mitannian king the Egyptian Pharaoh Thutmosis I met at the Euphrates River in a campaign early in his reign (around 1493).[6] Information about his death is mentioned in a record from Nuzi dated to the death of king Parshatatar, possibly around 1420.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Van De Mieroop, Marc (2007). A History of the Ancient Near East c. 3000-323BC (2nd ed.). Malden, MA, USA: Blackwell Publishing. p. 150. ISBN 978-1-4051-4911-2. 
  2. ^ Van De Mieroop, 150.
  3. ^ Bryce, Trevor (1999). The Kingdom of the Hittites. Oxford University. p. 126. ISBN 9780199240104. 
  4. ^ Van De Mieroop, 152.
  5. ^ Van De Mieroop, 151.
  6. ^ Bryce, 125
  7. ^ Grosz, Katarzyna (1988). The Archive of the Wullu Family. University of Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press. p. 11. ISBN 978-8-7728-9040-1. 
Preceded by
Shuttarna I
Mitanni king
15th century BC
Succeeded by
Shaushtatar