Parashurama

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Parashurama
Parshurama
Lithograph by Raja Ravi Varma depicting Parashurama with his axe
Other names Bhārgava rama "Good Archer"
Rāmabhadra
Rāma
Affiliation God and sixth avatar of Vishnu
Abode Mahendragiri, Odisha
Weapon Axe (paraśu), Vijaya, Bhargavastra
Personal Information
Consort Dharini, also known as Anamika
Parents

Parashurama (Sanskrit: परशुराम IAST: Paraśurāma, lit. Rama with an axe) is the sixth avatar of Vishnu in Hinduism. He is the son of Renuka and one of the saptarishis,[1] Jamadagni. He lived during the last Treta and Dvapara Yugas and is one of the Chiranjivi (immortals) of Hinduism. Parashurama, a Brahmin, received his famous axe after undertaking terrible penance to please Shiva[2], who in turn taught him Kalaripayattu (the mother of all martial arts). His real name was Bhargava Rama.

Parashurama is most known for ridding the world of kshatriyas twenty-one times over after the mighty king Kartavirya Arjuna, not the famous one of Mahabharata, killed his father. As per the Mahabharata, Parashurama single-handedly successfully conquered the entire world and killed cores of kshatriyas. Parashurama conducted hundreds of Ashvamedhas and gave away the entire earth he conquered as alms to sage Kashyapa.[3] He plays important roles in the Mahabharata and Ramayana, serving as mentor to Bhishma, Drona and Karna.[4]

Parashurama is worshipped as mūlapuruṣa, or male ancestral founder by some Brahmin communities. Along with the sages Vyasa, Kripa and Drona's son Ashwatthama, Parashurama is considered to be foremost among the rishis in the Kaliyuga.[5][6] Parashurama will also become one of the saptarishi in the 8th Manvantara.[7] Parashurama is a mighty Maharathi and he will reappear as the martial instructor of Vishnu's 10th avatar Kalki.

Parashurama Kshetras[edit]

Parshurama with Saraswat Brahmin settlers commanding Varuna to make the seas recede to make the Konkan Region

The ancient Saptakonkana is a slightly larger region described in the Sahyadrikhanda which refers to it as Parashuramakshetra (Sanskrit for "the area of Parashurama"). Seven Mukthi Kshetras are popularly known as Parashurama Srishti[8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Origin" 
  2. ^ "About" 
  3. ^ Ganguly KM (1883). "Drona Parva Section LXX". The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa. Sacred Texts. Retrieved 15 June 2016. 
  4. ^ Kisari Mohan Ganguli (1896). "Mahabaratha ,Digvijaya yatra of Karna". The Mahabharata. Sacred Texts. Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
  5. ^ K M Ganguly (1883-1896). The Mahabharata, Book 13 Anusasana Parva, Section CL sacred-texts.com, October 2003, Retrieved 2014-02-11
  6. ^ Vishnu Purana -Drauni or Asvathama as Next Vyasa Retrieved 2015-03-22
  7. ^ Vishnu Purana -Asvathama,Kripa,Vyasa & Parashurama as Next saptarishi's
  8. ^ Chandra, Suresh (1998). Encyclopedia of Hindu Gods & Goddesses. Sarup & Sons. p. 376. 

References[edit]

Additional sources[edit]

  • Parkhe B, Ramayashogatha (1975, 2008)
  • Sharma DR, परशुराम महागाथा शोध ग्रंथ
  • Potdar J, Bhagwan Parashurama
  • Mehrotra NC, Shahjahanpur Etihasik Evam Sanskritik Dharohar (1999) Pratiman Prakashan 30 Kucha Ray Ganga Prasad Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
  • Parashurama Patrika Quarterly Magazine
  • Bhagwan Parashuram-K M Munshi

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]