Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme
|Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme|
|Studio album by Simon & Garfunkel|
|Released||October 10, 1966|
|Recorded||December 1965–August 1966|
|Simon & Garfunkel chronology|
|Singles from Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme|
Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme is the third studio album by American music duo Simon & Garfunkel. Produced by Bob Johnston, the album was released on October 10, 1966 in the United States by Columbia Records. Following the success of their debut single "The Sound of Silence", Simon & Garfunkel regrouped after a time apart while Columbia issued their second album, a rushed collection titled Sounds of Silence. For their third album, the duo spent almost three months in the studio, for the first time extending a perfectionist nature both in terms of instrumentation and production.
The album largely consists of acoustic pieces that were mostly written during Paul Simon's period in England the previous year, including some recycled numbers from his debut solo record, The Paul Simon Songbook. The album includes the Garfunkel-led piece "For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her", as well as "7 O'Clock News/Silent Night", a combination of news reports of the day (the Vietnam War, the civil rights movement, the death of comedian Lenny Bruce), and the Christmas carol "Silent Night".
Many critics have considered it a breakthrough in recording for the duo, and one of their best efforts. "Homeward Bound" had already been a top five hit in numerous countries and "Scarborough Fair/Canticle" performed similarly. The album peaked at number four on the Billboard Pop Album Chart, and was eventually certified triple platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America.
Recording and production
The band’s previous album, Sounds of Silence, was a "rush job" produced to capitalize on the success of their first hit single, "The Sound of Silence". The duo had more time to work on Parsley than their previous releases, and spent three to four months crafting the album. Its studio time caused its budget to increase into an unusual cost for albums at that time—around $30,000, Simon speculated. Parsley was the first time Simon insisted on total control in aspects of recording. The album was the duo's first to be recorded on an eight-track recorder, which the duo persuaded Columbia Records to use. Vocal takes were overdubbed, as they found it difficult to get "decent separation" between Simon's voice and guitar. Columbia executives took notice of the longer production time, commenting, "Boy, you really take a lot of time to make records."
Sessions for the album took place from June to August 1966. Two previously released songs from the December 1965 Sounds of Silence sessions were also added to the track listing: "Homeward Bound" had originally been released as the second single from that album but had been left off the track listing of the US LP release; and "Flowers Never Bend with the Rainfall" had already appeared on the B-side of "I Am a Rock". Garfunkel considered the recording of "Scarborough Fair" to be the moment the duo stepped into the role of producer, because they were constantly beside Roy Halee mixing the track.
16 second sample from Simon and Garfunkel's "Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme".
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Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme is largely characterized by sharp contrasts from song to song. Much of the album is composed of recycled songs written by Simon during his period in England in 1965. Three songs on the album — "Patterns," "Flowers Never Bend with the Rainfall," and "A Simple Desultory Phillippic" — also appear on Simon's first solo effort, The Paul Simon Songbook ("Canticle," the second half of opening ballad "Scarborough Fair," is also culled from another song on the record, "The Side of a Hill").
"Scarborough Fair", a traditional ballad, combines "fingerpicked guitar accompaniment, delicate chimes, harpsichord embellishments, and the vocal blend." String snaps are used prominently in "Patterns", as well as a "syncopated bass and frenetic bongo part." Much of the original guitar line remains the same from its earlier incarnation. "Cloudy" employs a "breezy, almost jazzy musical style." "Homeward Bound" carries a sense of melancholia, which biographer Marc Eliot attributed to an "echo of longing" that had resurfaced during the recording process over the failed relationship with Kathy Chitty. "The Big Bright Green Pleasure Machine" is a "satirical appropriation of an electric, organ-heavy psychedelic rock style," in which the singer complains of various woes in his life, which can be "readily eased" by purchasing the titular device. "The 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin' Groovy)" is a brief vignette "made up of variations on a two-bar ostinato figure," in which the protagonist goes about a carefree morning.
"The Dangling Conversation" concerns a dying relationship, but Garfunkel disliked the song, feeling it pretentious. In contrast to its earlier appearance on The Paul Simon Songbook, "Flowers Never Bend with the Rainfall" appears here as a "folk combo that produces a bright, almost bluegrass sound." "A Simple Desultory Philippic" is a "satirical rant about the singer's confrontations with a wide variety of pop-culture personalities and phenomena." In the song, Simon vocally imitates Bob Dylan, as well as his harmonica interjections. "For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her" has sometimes been thought to be named after poet Emily Dickinson. Simon later explained that "For Emily" is not about an imaginary girl Emily, but about a belief, while the song "Overs" (from the album Bookends) is about the loss of that belief. While other songs, such as "The Sound of Silence," had taken months for Simon to complete writing, others, such as "For Emily," were written in a single night. "A Poem on the Underground Wall" largely revolves around a man creating graffiti on a sign in a subway station, with Simon also bringing into play "a variety of visceral and religious images."
"7 O'Clock News/Silent Night" is a sound collage and simply constructed: it consists of the duo singing "Silent Night" two-part harmony over an arpeggiated piano section. The voice of the newscaster is that of Charlie O'Donnell, then a radio disc jockey. As the track progresses, the song becomes fainter and the news report louder. "The result rather bluntly makes an ironic commentary on various social ills by juxtaposing them with tenderly expressed Christmas sentiments."
After issuing several singles and receiving sold-out college campus shows, the duo released Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme.
The duo resumed their trek on the college circuit eleven days following the release, crafting an image that was described as "alienated," "weird," and "poetic." Mort Lewis also was responsible for this public perception, as he withheld them from television appearances (unless they were allowed to play an uninterrupted set or choose the setlist).
Bruce Eder of AllMusic called it the duo's "first masterpiece," one that regarded "youthful exuberance and alienation, [proving] perennially popular among older, more thoughtful high-school students and legions of college audiences across generations." Andy Fyfe of BBC Music felt the record carried a sense of timelessness, calling its "boldest themes [...] still worryingly pertinent today," while remarking that the record as a whole "reflected the social upheaval of the mid-60s while playing as substantial a part in folk rock's evolution."
In 2003, Rolling Stone listed the album at number 202 on their list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. Disc jockey and author Pete Fornatale wrote that, "Few others have come close to the intelligence, beauty, variety, creativity, and craftsmanship that Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme captured." Andrew Gilbert, in 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die, called it "their first great album," producing "a sense of impending doom and Simon's insistence on emotional connection that makes the album such an enduring work."
|Robert Dimery||U.S.||1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die||2005||*|
|Rolling Stone||The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time||2012||202|
(*) designates unordered lists.
All songs written and composed by Paul Simon except where noted.
|1.||"Scarborough Fair/Canticle"||Traditional, arr. by Simon, Art Garfunkel||July 26, 1966||3:10|
|2.||"Patterns"||June 8, 1966||2:42|
|3.||"Cloudy"||Simon, Bruce Woodley||June 10, 1966||2:10|
|4.||"Homeward Bound (not on UK pressing)"||December 14, 1965||2:30|
|5.||"The Big Bright Green Pleasure Machine"||June 15, 1966||2:44|
|6.||"The 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin' Groovy)"||August 16, 1966||1:43|
|7.||"The Dangling Conversation"||June 21, 1966||2:37|
|8.||"Flowers Never Bend with the Rainfall"||December 22, 1965||2:10|
|9.||"A Simple Desultory Philippic (Or How I Was Robert McNamara'd into Submission)"||June 13, 1966||2:12|
|10.||"For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her"||August 22, 1966||2:04|
|11.||"A Poem on the Underground Wall"||June 13, 1966||1:52|
|12.||"7 O'Clock News/Silent Night"||Josef Mohr, Franz Gruber||August 22, 1966||2:01|
|Bonus tracks (2001 CD reissue)|
|13.||"Patterns (Demo) (Mono)" (Previously unreleased)||June 7, 1966||2:53|
|14.||"A Poem on the Underground Wall (Demo) (Mono)" (Previously unreleased)||June 12, 1966||2:02|
Track listing (UK version)
All songs written and composed by Paul Simon except where noted.
|1.||"Scarborough Fair/Canticle"||Traditional, arr. by Simon, Garfunkel||July 26, 1966||3:10|
|2.||"Patterns"||June 8, 1966||2:42|
|3.||"Cloudy"||Simon, Woodley||June 10, 1966||2:10|
|4.||"The Big Bright Green Pleasure Machine"||June 15, 1966||2:44|
|5.||"The 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin' Groovy)"||August 16, 1966||1:43|
|6.||"The Dangling Conversation"||June 21, 1966||2:37|
|7.||"Flowers Never Bend with the Rainfall"||December 22, 1965||2:10|
|8.||"A Simple Desultory Philippic (Or How I Was Robert McNamara'd into Submission)"||June 13, 1966||2:12|
|9.||"For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her"||August 22, 1966||2:04|
|10.||"A Poem on the Underground Wall"||June 13, 1966||1:52|
|11.||"7 O'Clock News/Silent Night"||Mohr, Gruber||August 22, 1966||2:01|
- Dimery, Robert (ed.) (2005). 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. Milan: Universe Publishing, p. 94. First edition, 2005.
- Jon Landau (July 20, 1972). "Paul Simon: The Rolling Stone Interview". Rolling Stone (113). Retrieved May 27, 2016.
- Fornatale 2007, p. 57.
- Bennighof 2007, p. 31.
- Eliot 2010, p. 71.
- Bennighof 2007, p. 22.
- Bennighof 2007, p. 23.
- Bennighof 2007, p. 24.
- Bennighof 2007, p. 26.
- Bennighof 2007, p. 27.
- Bennighof 2007, p. 28.
- Bennighof 2007, p. 29.
- Bennighof 2007, p. 30.
- "Three for Tonight". Kraft Music Hall. January 3, 1968. NBC.
- Jackson, Laura (2004). Paul Simon: The Definitive Biography. New York: Citadel Press, p.99. First edition, 2004.
- Bennighof 2007, p. 32.
- Eliot 2010, p. 73.
- Eliot 2010, p. 72.
- Bruce Eder. "Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme - Simon & Garfunkel". AllMusic. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
- Andy Fyfe (2009). "BBC - Music - Review of Simon & Garfunkel's Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme". BBC Music. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
- "500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media LLC. May 31, 2012. Retrieved January 14, 2014. Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; name "RollingStone500" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
- Fornatale 2007, p. 58.
- "Australiancharts.com – Simon & Garfunkel – Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme". Hung Medien. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
- "Simon & Garfunkel – Chart history" Billboard 200 for Simon & Garfunkel. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
- "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
- "American album certifications – Simon & Garfunkel – Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
- Bennighof, James (2007). The Words and Music of Paul Simon. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-275-99163-0.
- Browne, David (2012). Fire and Rain: The Beatles, Simon and Garfunkel, James Taylor, CSNY, and the Lost Story Of 1970. Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-82072-4.
- Charlesworth, Chris (1997). "Bridge Over Troubled Water". The Complete Guide to the Music of Paul Simon and Simon & Garfunkel. Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-5597-2.
- Ebel, Roswitha (2004). Paul Simon: seine Musik, sein Leben [Paul Simon: His Music, His Life] (in German). epubli. ISBN 978-3-937729-00-8.
- Eliot, Marc (2010). Paul Simon: A Life. John Wiley and Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-43363-8.
- Fornatale, Pete (2007). Simon and Garfunkel's Bookends. Rodale. ISBN 978-1-59486-427-8.
- Humphries, Patrick (1982). Bookends: The Simon and Garfunkel story. Proteus Books. ISBN 978-0-86276-063-2.
- Kingston, Victoria (2000). Simon & Garfunkel: The Biography. Fromm International. ISBN 978-0-88064-246-0.