Part-time contract

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A part-time contract is a form of employment that carries fewer hours per week than a full-time job. They work in shifts but remain on call while off duty and during annual leave. The shifts are often rotational. Workers are considered to be part-time if they commonly work fewer than 30 or 35 hours per week.[1] According to the International Labour Organization, the number of part-time workers has increased from one-fourth to a half in the past 20 years in most developed countries, excluding the United States.[1] There are many reasons for working part-time, including the desire to do so, having one's hours cut back by an employer and being unable to find a full-time job. The International Labour Organisation Convention 175 requires that part-time workers be treated no less favourably than full-time workers.[2]

In some cases the nature of the work itself may require that the employees be classified part as part-time workers. For example, some amusement parks are closed during winter months and keep only a skeleton crew on hand for maintenance and office work. As a result of this cutback in staffing during the off season, employees who operate rides, run gaming stands, or staff concession stands may be classified as part-time workers owing to the months long down time during which they may be technically employed but unable to work.

"Part-time" can also be used in reference to a student (usually in higher education) who takes only a few courses, rather than a full load of coursework each semester.

By country[edit]


Part-time employment in Australia involves a comprehensive framework. Part-time employees work fewer hours than their full-time counterparts within a specific industry. This can vary, but is generally less than 32 hours per week.

Part-time employees within Australia are legally entitled to paid annual leave, sick leave, and having maternity leave etc. except it is covered on a 'pro-rata' (percentage) basis depending on the hours worked each week.

Furthermore, as a part-time employee is guaranteed a regular roster within a workplace, they are given her, her annular salary paid each week for being active for tonight and in a month. Employers within Australia are obliged to provide minimum notice requirements for termination, redundancy and change of rostered hours in relation to part-time workers [2].

As of January 2010, the number of part-time workers within Australia is approximately 3.3 million out of the 10.9 million individuals within the Australian workforce [3].


In Canada, part-time workers are those who usually work fewer than 30 hours per week at their main or only job.[3] In 2007, just over 1 in every 10 employees aged 25 to 54 worked part-time. A person who has a part-time placement is often contracted to a company or business in which they have a set of terms they agree with. 'Part-time' can also be used in reference to a student(usually in higher education) who works only few hours a day. Usually students from different nations (India, China, Mexico etc.) prefer Canada for their higher studies due to the availability of more part-time jobs.[citation needed]

United Kingdom[edit]

See also: UK labour law

United States[edit]

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, working part-time is defined as working between 1 and 34 hours per week.[4] In 2007, 18.3 million Americans worked part-time. [5]

Increasing use of part-time workers in the United States is associated with employee scheduling software often resulting in expansion of the part-time workforce, reduction of the full-time workforce and scheduling which is unpredictable and inconvenient.[6][7][8]

Typically, part-time employees in the United States are not entitled to employee benefits, such as health insurance.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Part-Time Work Information Sheet, International Labour Organization, via [1]
  2. ^ ILO Part Time Work Convention No 175
  3. ^ The Canadian Labour Market at a Glance, Glossary, November 25, 2008
  4. ^ Labor force characteristics, Full- or part-time status, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Division of Labor Force Statistics.
  5. ^ Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey. Persons at work in non-agricultural industries by age, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, marital status, and usual full- or part-time status,
  6. ^ Steven Greenhouse (October 27, 2012). "A Part-Time Life, as Hours Shrink and Shift". The New York Times. Retrieved February 23, 2015. 
  7. ^ Jodi Kantor photographs by Sam Hodgson (August 13, 2014). "Working Anything but 9 to 5 Scheduling Technology Leaves Low-Income Parents With Hours of Chaos". The New York Times. Retrieved February 23, 2015. 
  8. ^ Steven Greenhouse (February 21, 2015). "In Service Sector, No Rest for the Working". The New York Times. Retrieved February 23, 2015. 

External links[edit]

United States