The party was founded in 2007 by Éric Tremblay and Richard Gervais, in the aftermath of the Parti Québécois's defeat in the 2007 Quebec election. It was registered as an official political party by the Chief Electoral Officer of Quebec on October 18, 2007. Candidates ran in three by-elections in Bourget, Hull, and Pointe-aux-Trembles held on May 12, 2008. Party founder Richard Gervais, running in Bourget, received 376 votes (2.33%), finishing sixth out of six candidates.
In the December 2008 provincial election, the party nominated 19 candidates, who won a total of 4,227 votes, or 0.13% of the provincial total.
In the 2012 provincial election, the party nominated ten candidates, who won a total of 1,244 votes, or 0.03% of the provincial total.
According to former leader Éric Tremblay, the Parti Québécois has given up the will to actively seek the sovereignty of Quebec. Tremblay considers that, if given a majority of seats at the National Assembly of Quebec, the Parti indépendantiste would have clear mandate to achieve sovereignty, even if it receives less than 50% of the popular vote. Tremblay did not hide his intention to put an end to all public financing of English-language schools and hospitals come his election, even though he would offer unilingual English-speakers health care in their language. The party suggests a reduction of more than half of the number of immigrants admitted, which would be reduced to 20,000, and the selection of immigrants based on the knowledge of French.
Leadership and support
Éric Tremblay was the leader from 2008 to 2011, and the leader since 2011 has been Michel Lepage. According to the Chief Electoral Officer of Quebec, donations were $33792 in 2008 and then fell sharply in 2009 and 2010. Prominent supporters have included:
- Author Victor-Lévy Beaulieu, a disillusioned Parti Québécois supporter, voted for the Action démocratique du Québec (ADQ) in protest in the 2007 Quebec election, but has become disappointed with the party. He announced on April 15, 2008 his intention to run for the Parti Indépendantiste in the district of Rivière-du-Loup against ADQ leader Mario Dumont.
- Former Bloc Québécois Member of Parliament Ghislain Lebel announced on April 30, 2008 that he would be a Parti indépendantiste candidate.
- Humorist Ghislain Taschereau left the party and is now a member of Option nationale (ON).
Links to neo-Nazis
The Parti indépendantiste has been criticised for having links with neo-Nazis. For example, a neo-Nazi skinhead was the president of the executive committee for the region of Quebec and a member of the neo-Nazi group Blood & Honour is the treasurer. The Parti Indépendantiste was present at a racist protest organized at Montreal in November 2011 with other well-known neo-Nazi groups. The party has been compared to the French National Front because it recruited a fascist. An article published in the newspaper Le Soleil accused the Parti Indépendantiste of being "authentic reactionary racist", and another article by the same newspaper reported that a neo-Nazi was in the hierarchy of the party.
- Politics of Quebec
- List of Quebec general elections
- List of Quebec premiers
- List of Quebec leaders of the Opposition
- National Assembly of Quebec
- Timeline of Quebec history
- Political parties in Quebec
- Secessionist movements of Canada
- Elections Quebec
- Le Parti indépendantiste fera ses premières armes aux élections partielles, May 10, 2008
- Official Results (Bourget, 2008), Le Directeur général des élections du Québec.
- Directeur général des élections du Québec, April 9, 2014 Final 2:24 pm
- Radio-Canada 15 April 2008
- Fachowatch «Des néo-nazis dans les rangs et dans la hiérarchie du Parti Indépendantiste»[dead link]
- Fachowatch «Sébastien Moreau, un néo-nazi président du comité exécutif du Parti Indépendantiste»[dead link]
- Fachowatch «Un néo-nazi comme trésorier du Parti Indépendantiste»[dead link]
- Fachowatch «Organisation d'une manifestation raciste avec des néo-nazis à Montréal»[dead link]
- La Tribu Du Verbe «Le Parti Indépendantiste, une version Québécoise du Front National ?»[dead link]
- Le Soleil «Ultra-gauche et ultra-droite»
- Le Soleil «Ex-administrateur lié au néonazisme : le Parti Indépendantiste inconfortable»