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Armpits, breasts, buttocks, navels, hands, hair, and feet are common partialisms.

Partialism is sexual interest with an exclusive focus on a specific part of the body other than genitals.[1][2][3] Partialism is categorized as a fetishistic disorder in the DSM-5 of the American Psychiatric Association only if it causes significant psychosocial distress for the person or has detrimental effects on important areas of their life. In the DSM-IV, it was considered a separate paraphilia (not otherwise specified), but was merged into fetishistic disorder by the DSM-5.[1] Individuals who exhibit partialism sometimes describe the anatomy of interest to them as having equal or greater erotic attraction for them as do the genitals.[4]

Partialism occurs in heterosexual, bisexual, and homosexual individuals.[5][6] The foot is considered one of the most common partialisms.[7][8]


The following are some of the partialisms commonly found among people:[2][7][9][10][11]

Formal name Common name Source of arousal
Podophilia Foot fetish Foot
Oculophilia Eye fetish Eye
Maschalagnia Armpit fetish Armpits
Mazophilia Breast fetish Breasts
Pygophilia Buttocks fetish Buttocks
Nasophilia Nose fetish Nose
Trichophilia Hair fetish Hair
Alvinophilia Navel/Belly button fetish Navel
Alvinolagnia Belly/Stomach fetish Belly
Cheirophilia Hand fetish Hands
Crurophilia Leg fetish Legs

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders American Psychiatric Association (5th ed.). Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing. pp. 700–701. ISBN 978-0890425558.
  2. ^ a b Edlin, Gordon; Golanty, Eric (2011). Human Sexuality: The Basics. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  3. ^ Milner, J. S., & Dopke, C. A. (1997). Paraphilia Not Otherwise Specified: Psychopathology and theory. In D. R. Laws and W. O'Donohue (Eds.), Sexual deviance: Theory, assessment, and treatment. New York: Guilford.
  4. ^ Kunjukrishnan, R., Pawlak, A., & Varan, L R. (1988). The clinical and forensic psychiatric issues of retifism. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 33, 819–825.
  5. ^ Weinberg, M. S., Williams, C. J., & Calhan, C. (1994). Homosexual foot fetishism. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 23, 611–626.
  6. ^ Weinberg, M. S., Williams, C. J., & Calhan, C. (1995). "If the shoe fits...": Exploring male homosexual foot fetishism. The Journal of Sex Research, 32, 17–27.
  7. ^ a b "Exploring those secret turn-ons - Get your freak on!". 31 May 2008. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  8. ^ Bering, Jesse. "Partial for Protuberant: The Man Who Was Into 'Outies'". Scientific American. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  9. ^ SPECIFIC BODY PART FETISH Archived 2012-04-26 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 4 January 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ Aggrawal, Anil (2009). Forensic and medico-legal aspects of sexual crimes and unusual sexual practices. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. p. 121. ISBN 1420043099. Retrieved 6 July 2014.