|Founded||15 May 1947|
|Split from||Authentic Party|
|Newspaper||CMQ Radio (FM)|
|Youth wing||Juventud Ortodoxa|
|Slogan||"Shame against money"|
(Vergüenza contra dinero)
The Party of the Cuban People – Orthodox (Spanish: Partido del Pueblo Cubano – Ortodoxos, PPC-O), commonly called Orthodox Party (Spanish: Partido Ortodoxo), was a Cuban left-wing populist political party. It was founded in 1947 by Eduardo Chibás in response to government corruption and lack of reform. Its primary aims were the establishment of a distinct national identity, economic independence and the implementation of social reforms.
In the 1948 general elections Chibás came third in the presidential election, whilst the party won four seats in the House of Representatives. In the 1950 mid-term elections they won nine. Chibás' cousin, Roberto Agramonte, was the favorite to win the 1952 election (for the Ortodoxos) but Fulgencio Batista staged a coup before the winner was determined.
Fidel Castro was an active member of the Orthodox Party in the late 1940s and early 1950s. He intended to run as an Orthodox Party candidate for the Cuban parliament prior to the coup by Batista.
Ideology and platform
The Orthodox Party was a catch-all party, open to the all that wanted join to it. Like a populist party, there weren't internal factions or organizations, but only the support to the Eduardo Chibás' goals and ideals. With this opening, the party's composition were miscellaneous:
- Former PRC-A: radical nationalists, supporting anti-imperialism and revolutionary goals
- Former PSP: young socialists and communist soldiers, disappointed by their party's misconduct
- Former PLC: Small bourgeoises, with conservative pro-business views
The political program reflect PPC-O's catch-all nature, claiming:
- Direct democracy
- Free market and respect of the private ownership
- Anti-imperialism (mainly anti-Americanism) and nationalism
- Agrarianism: Abolition of latifondium and monoculture, agricultural diversification
- Fair payments and economic redistribution
- Nationalization of railways, power plants, telephononic communications, etc.
- Fight against political corruption, embezzlement and criminals
- Corporatism and labor rights.
- Farber, Samuel (2011). Haymarket Books, ed. Cuba Since the Revolution of 1959: A Critical Assessment. p. 165.
- Reinerio, Lorenzo (1991). Editora Política, ed. El fracaso de una ideología: quiebra de la ideología burguesa en Cuba.
- Ramos, Marcos Antonio (2007). Grupo Nelson, ed. La Cuba de Castro y después...: Entre la historia y la biografía. p. 143.
- González, Isel Rousseau (1984). Ciencias Sociales, ed. La Sociedad neocolonial cubana: corrientes ideológicas y partidos políticos. p. 43.
- Rodríguez Arechavaleta, Carlos M. (2018). Fondo de Cultura Economica, ed. La democracia republicana en Cuba 1940-1952: Actores, reglas y estrategias electorales.
- Salgado, Ramón Rodríguez (2007). Editora Política, ed. Vergüenza Contra Dinero. p. 64.
- Jules Robert Benjamin (1990), The United States and the Origins of the Cuban Revolution, Princeton University Press, ISBN 978-0-691-02536-0
- Castro biography Archived 2007-03-17 at the Wayback Machine.
- Partido Ortodoxo. Doctrina del Partido Ortodoxo.
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