Partition Museum

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Partition Museum
Partition museum logo.jpg
Logo of the Partition museum
Established25 August 2017 (2017-08-25)
LocationTown Hall, Katra Ahluwalia, Opposite Brother’s Dhaba, 143001 Amritsar, Amritsar, Punjab, India
Coordinates31°37′33″N 74°52′43″E / 31.6258°N 74.8787°E / 31.6258; 74.8787
Collections1947 archives, oral histories
FounderThe Arts and Cultural Heritage Trust (TAACHT)
ChairpersonKishwar Desai
OwnerGovernment of Punjab, India
Nearest parkingLimited
Partition museum in Amritsar

The Partition Museum is a public museum located in the town hall in Amritsar, India.[1] The museum aims to become the central repository of stories, materials, and documents related to the post-partition riots that followed the division of British India into two independent countries: India and Pakistan.[2] The museum was inaugurated on 25 August 2017.[3]


In 1947, British India was divided into India and Pakistan. The partition lines, drawn on a map by the British lawyer Cyril Radcliffe, divided the states of Punjab into West Punjab and East Punjab on the basis of religion. As a result, millions of people found themselves on the wrong side of the border overnight. According to various estimates, more than 800,000 Muslims, Hindus, and Sikhs were killed in the riots that followed the partition between August 1947 to January 1948. Additionally,a forced largest migration in the history of the world took place without any major reasons such as war or famine that resulted more than 1,400,000 people leaving their loved ones, property, gold and all other valuables behind, hoping to return home and never making it back. The legacy of that violent separation has endured, resulting in a bitter rivalry between India and Pakistan forever.[4]


On the 70th anniversary of partition, The government of Punjab with lady Kishwar Desai chairperson of The Arts and Cultural Heritage Trust of the United Kingdom, came up with a primary goal of setting up world's first museum and memorial on the partition to remember sacrifices of its victims and survivals.[5]The collaborative effort drew on individuals, institutions and resources in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and the U.K.[6]


The museum is located in Amritsar the historical and second largest city of Punjab, India . Punjab Heritage and Tourism Promotion Board has given The grand Town Hall building to The Art and Cultural Heritage Trust, the building which has been a witness to the story of partition and its aftermath and is an object of reflection and a site of memory itself. the historical building spread over almost 17,000 square feet.[7]

Partition Museum, Amritsar


collection of Museum consists of the objects the refugees brought from Pakistan during sudden division of the country, it includes the things they had attached their feelings with and also things of their practical use such as utensils, trunks and clothes, to a wedding sari, a jewelry box and a tin box, a selection of photographs, original artifacts donated by refugees, newspapers, magazines, 'Resettlement Cards’ with stamps of arrival in India, a watch carried across the border and a water pitcher, The sketches that refugee drew at the camp revealing the trauma the whole nation was going through. a letter written by one refugee requesting to go back to Lahore and recovering a list of objects his family owned and also requesting them to take care of things that were gone forever.[8] The museum exhibits more than 100 oral histories playing on videos, through audio-visual stations set across the 14 galleries, describing their experience of violence, of insecurity, and of the migration and resettlement process, which makes the museum unique.[9]


World's first partition Museum won the ‘Best Wider World Tourism Project’ award at the British Guild of Travel Writers International Tourism (BGTW) Awards 2020, held online on April 18 in the United Kingdom. for having a positive impact on community and the environment. the Partition Museum has also won six other awards, nationally and internationally.[10]


  1. ^ Kaur, Usmeet (25 October 2016). "Country's first Partition Museum: A story of pain and resurgence". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Partition Museum curates online events to allow visitors to sneak a peek into the pages of history". The Tribune. 12 September 2020. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  3. ^ Menon, Parvathi (3 December 2015). "Amritsar's Partition museum to relive a generation's sacrifices". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
  4. ^ The washington post. "70 years later, survivors recall the horrors of India-Pakistan partition". Vidhi Doshi and Nisar Mehdi. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  5. ^ "Partition Museum, India". The Partition Museum. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
  6. ^ museum, partition. "Partition Museum, Amritsar". Partition Museum , Amritsar.
  7. ^ Dronah, Foundation. "The Partition Museum Project, Town Hall, Amritsar". Dronah.
  8. ^ The Pioneer. "History on the move". Ankita Jain. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
  9. ^ The London school of economics and political science. ""The Partition Museum is our tribute to the resilience and courage those who migrated" – Lady Kishwar Desai". LSE South Asia Center. Mahima A. Jain. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  10. ^ The tribune, India. "International tourism awards: Partition Museum wins Best Wider World Tourism Project". Tribune News Service. Retrieved 20 April 2021.