Parts of Holland

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Lincolnshire, Parts of Holland
Holland shown within England
Area
 • 1901268,992 acres (1089 km²)
 • 1961267,847 acres (1083 km²)
Population
 • 190177,610
 • 1971105,685
History
 • Created1889
 • Abolished1974
 • Succeeded byLincolnshire
StatusAdministrative county
 • HQCounty Hall, Boston

The Parts of Holland is a historical subdivision used in south-east Lincolnshire, England from 1889 to 1974.[1] The name is still recognised locally and survives in the district of South Holland.

Administration[edit]

Holland sign on display at the Museum of Lincolnshire Life with the Latin motto Labor Ipse Merces (Work is its own reward)

Parts of Holland was one of the three medieval subdivisions or 'Parts' of Lincolnshire (the other two were Lindsey and Kesteven) which had long had separate county administrations (quarter sessions). Under the Local Government Act 1888 it obtained a county council, which it retained until 1974. At that point the three county councils were abolished and Lincolnshire (minus the northern part of Lindsey) had a single county council for the first time.[2]

Before the changes of 1888, Holland had, since probably the tenth century, been divided into the three wapentakes of Elloe, Kirton and Skirbeck.[3]

Under the Local Government Act 1894 it was divided into rural districts and urban districts, with the municipal borough of Boston remaining untouched. The rural districts were Boston, Crowland, East Elloe and Spalding, whilst Holbeach, Long Sutton, Spalding and Sutton Bridge became urban districts.[4]

Geography[edit]

The extent of Holland County Council (the pre-1974 county) was the same as that of the combined modern local government districts of Boston and South Holland.

Holland was all close to sea level, achieving a maximum altitude of about five metres (16 feet) on artificially raised river banks (levees). It therefore needed carefully managed drainage to maintain the very productive arable farmland which covered almost its entire extent. Consequently, a significant part of its drainage for arable use had to await the introduction of steam pumping. Before the mid-19th century, it was a much more pastoral area, used for fattening livestock brought in from Scotland and northern England before it was driven to market in places like London. Many of the country roads are still called droves.

Towns in Holland[edit]

There is a resemblance in landscape between the Parts of Holland and Holland, the region in the Netherlands, although their meanings are different. Holland in England means "land of the hill spurs", although hill spurs are hardly obvious, while the Dutch Holland is derived from the Old Dutch term holt-lant ("wooded land"). Both Hollands have landscapes that are low lying and both are known for tulip growing.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parts of Holland (former division, England, United Kingdom) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia". britannica.com. 2012. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
  2. ^ de Mello Vianna, Fernando (1979). The International Geographic Encyclopedia and Atlas. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. p. 422. ISBN 978-0395271704.
  3. ^ Lewis, Samuel (1848). "Skidbrook - Skutterskelfe | A Topographical Dictionary of England (pp. 115-118)". british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
  4. ^ Akerman, Portland B; Ford, Percy H (1894). Parish Councils: A Guide to the Local Government Act 1894. London: Routledge.
  5. ^ Room, Adrian (1993). Dictionary of Place Names in the British Isles. Bloomsbury. p. 174. ISBN 0-7475-1511-5.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°50′00″N 0°02′00″W / 52.8333°N 0.0333°W / 52.8333; -0.0333