Leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy

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People's Party for Freedom and Democracy

The Leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy is the most senior politician within the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (Dutch: Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie, VVD) in the Netherlands. The post is currently held by Mark Rutte, who succeeded Jozias van Aartsen after the leadership election of 2006 and who has also been the serving Prime Minister of the Netherlands since the Dutch general election of 2010 and was reelected as Prime Minister of the Netherlands after the Dutch general election of 2012.[1][2]

History[edit]

The Leaders outwardly act as the 'figurehead' and the main representative of the party. Within the party, they must ensure political consensus. At election time the Leader is always the Lijsttrekker (top candidate) of the party list. Outside election time the Leader can serves as the Opposition leader. In the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy the Leader is often the Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives. Some People's Party for Freedom and Democracy leaders became a Minister in a Cabinet.

History[edit]

The Leaders outwardly act as the 'figurehead' and the main representative of the party. Within the party, they must ensure political consensus. At election time the Leader is always the Lijsttrekker (top candidate) of the party list. Outside election time the Leader can serves as the Opposition leader. In the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy the Leader is often the Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives. Some People's Party for Freedom and Democracy leaders became a Minister in a Cabinet.

Leader Term of office Age as Leader Position(s) as Leader Further position(s) Lijsttrekker
Pieter Oud Pieter Oud
(1886–1968)
28 January 1948 –
16 May 1963
(15 years, 108 days) [1]
61–76 Mayor of Rotterdam
(1945–1952)
Member of the House of Representatives
(1948–1963)
Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives
(1948–1963)
Chairman of the People's Party
for Freedom and Democracy

(1949–1963)
Member of the House of Representatives (VDB)
(1917–1933) (1937–1938)
Minister of Finance (VDB)
(1933–1937)
Leader of the Free-thinking Democratic League
(1935–1938)
Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives (VDB)
(1937–1938)
Mayor of Rotterdam (VDB)
(1938–1941)
Minister of State
(1963–1968)
1948
1952
1956
1959
Edzo Toxopeus Edzo Toxopeus
(1918–2009)
16 May 1963 –
1 October 1969
(6 years, 138 days) [1]
45–51 Minister of the Interior
(1959–1965)
Member of the House of Representatives
(1963) (1965–1969)
Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives
(1963) (1966–1969)
President of the Liberal International
(1966–1970)
Member of the House of Representatives
(1956–1959)
Queen's Commissioner of Groningen
(1970–1980)
Member of the Council of State
(1980–1988)
Minister of State
(1985–2009)
1963
1967
Molly Geertsema Molly Geertsema
(1918–1991)
1 October 1969 –
1 July 1971
(1 year, 273 days) [1]
50–52 Member of the House of Representatives
(1959–1971)
Mayor of Wassenaar
(1961–1971)
Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives
(1969–1971)
Mayor of Warffum
(1953–1957)
Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives
(1963–1966)
Minister of the Interior
(1971–1973)
Deputy Prime Minister
(1971–1973)
Minister for Suriname and Netherlands Antilles Affairs
(1973)
Member of the House of Representatives
(1973) (1973)
Queen's Commissioner of Gelderland
(1973–1983)
Member of the Senate
(1983–1987)
1971
Hans Wiegel Hans Wiegel
(born 1941)
1 July 1971 –
20 April 1982
(10 years, 293 days) [1]
29–40 Member of the House of Representatives
(1967–1977) (1981–1982)
Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives
(1971–1977) (1981–1982)
Minister of the Interior
(1977–1981)
Deputy Prime Minister
(1977–1981)
Queen's Commissioner of Friesland
(1982–1994)
Member of the Senate
(1995–2000)
1972
1977
1981
Ed Nijpels Ed Nijpels
(born 1950)
20 April 1982 –
9 July 1986
(4 years, 80 days) [1]
32–36 Member of the House of Representatives
(1977–1986)
Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives
(1982–1986)
Minister of Housing, Spatial Planning
and the Environment

(1986–1989)
Member of the House of Representatives
(1989–1990)
Mayor of Breda
(1990–1995)
Queen's Commissioner of Friesland
(1999–2008)
1982
1986
Rudolf de Korte Rudolf de Korte
(born 1936)
9 July 1986 –
15 December 1986
(159 days) [1]
50 Minister of the Interior
(1986)
Member of the House of Representatives
(1986)
Minister of Economic Affairs
(1986–1989)
Deputy Prime Minister
(1986–1989)
Member of the House of Representatives
(1977–1986) (1989–1995)
Joris Voorhoeve Joris Voorhoeve
(born 1945)
15 December 1986 –
30 April 1990
(3 years, 136 days) [1]
40–44 Member of the House of Representatives
(1982–1991)
Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives
(1986–1990)
Minister of Defence
(1994–1998)
Minister for Netherlands Antilles and Aruba Affairs
(1994–1998)
Member of the House of Representatives
(1998–1999)
Member of the Council of State
(1999–2011)
1989
Frits Bolkestein Frits Bolkestein
(born 1933)
30 April 1990 –
30 July 1998
(8 years, 91 days) [1]
57–65 Member of the House of Representatives
(1989–1999)
Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives
(1990–1998)
President of the Liberal International
(1996–2000)
Member of the House of Representatives
(1978–1982) (1986–1988)
Undersecretary for Economic Affairs
(1982–1986)
Minister of Defence
(1988–1989)
European Commissioner for
Internal Market and Services

(1999–2004)
1994
1998
Hans Dijkstal Hans Dijkstal
(1943–2010)
30 July 1998 –
16 May 2002
(3 years, 290 days) [1]
55–59 Member of the House of Representatives
(1998–2002)
Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives
(1998–2002)
Member of the House of Representatives
(1982–1986) (1986–1994)
Minister of the Interior
(1994–1998)
Deputy Prime Minister
(1994–1998)
2002
Gerrit Zalm Gerrit Zalm
(born 1952)
16 May 2002 –
27 November 2004
(2 years, 195 days) [1]
50–52 Member of the House of Representatives
(2002–2003)
Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives
(2002–2003)
Minister of Finance
(2003–2007)
Deputy Prime Minister
(2003–2007)
Director of the Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis
(1989–1994)
Minister of Finance
(1994–2002)
Member of the House of Representatives
(1998)
Minister of Economic Affairs
(2006)
2003
Jozias van Aartsen Jozias van Aartsen
(born 1947)
27 November 2004 –
8 March 2006
(1 year, 101 days) [1]
56–58 Member of the House of Representatives
(2002–2006)
Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives
(2003–2006)
Minister of Agriculture, Nature and Fisheries
(1994–1998)
Member of the House of Representatives
(1998)
Minister of Foreign Affairs
(1998–2002)
Mayor of The Hague
(2008–2017)
King's Commissioner of Drenthe
(since 2017)
Mark Rutte Mark Rutte
(born 1967)
31 May 2006 –
Incumbent
(11 years, 50 days) [1]
39– Undersecretary for Education, Culture and Science
(2004–2006)
Member of the House of Representatives
(2006–2010) (2012) (since 2017)
Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives
(2006–2010) (2012) (since 2017)
Minister of General Affairs
(since 2010)
Prime Minister
(since 2010)
Undersecretary for Social Affairs and Employment
(2002–2004)
Member of the House of Representatives
(2003)
2006
2010
2012
2017

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Politiek leider van een partij". Parlement&Politiek. Retrieved 2012-11-03. 
  2. ^ (in Dutch) Kabinet-Rutte is een feit, NOS, 14 October 2010

External links[edit]

Official