Party of Democratic Action

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Party of Democratic Action
Stranka demokratske akcije
Leader Bakir Izetbegović
General Secretary Amir Zukić
Presidium Halid Genjac
Founder Alija Izetbegović
Slogan "U jedinstvu je snaga!"
"Power is in unity!"
Founded 26 May 1990
Headquarters Mehmeda Spahe 14, Sarajevo
Youth wing Youth Association SDA
Ideology Bosniak nationalism,[1][2][3][4]
Political position Centre-right
International affiliation International Democrat Union
European affiliation European People's Party
Colours Green
Anthem "Ja sin sam tvoj, zemljo"
10 / 42
3 / 15
29 / 98
10 / 58
Assembly of RS
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Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Political parties

The Party of Democratic Action (Bosnian: Stranka demokratske akcije or SDA) is a Bosniak political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina.[8]


The Party of Democratic Action was founded in May 1990 by Alija Izetbegović, presently representing the Bosniaks and other Slavic Muslim population in Bosnia and Herzegovina and former Yugoslavia.[9] The SDA party was the first Bosniak (then Muslim by nationality) party of national orientation in Yugoslavia since the multiparty system was outlawed in 1945 by the Communist Yugoslav Leadership. The party has its origins in the old Yugoslav Muslim Organization, which was the largest conservative Bosniak party in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

The SDA achieved considerable success in elections after the fall of communism in the early 1990s. It founded the newspaper Ljiljan. The party remains the strongest political party among the Bosniak population in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and it has branches in Croatia and Serbia (Sandžak region).

The party was criticized during the Bosnian war by Serbian and Croatian politicians. On the other hand, unlike the treatment by members of the Serbian Democratic Party (SDS) and the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) of minorities in their respective areas of control during the Bosnian War, the SDA party reportedly did not engage in organized persecution of Serbs and Croats in the areas under its control. Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches in Bihać, Sarajevo, Tuzla, Zenica and other cities remained partially intact throughout the war, compared to more than 800 mosques destroyed by the Croat and Serb nationalists.[citation needed]

In November 2000 the party was defeated by the Social Democratic Party and other parties gathered into the "Alliance for Change", and found itself in the opposition for the first time since its 1990 creation.[10][clarification needed]

The party has branches in Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, Kosovo and the Republic of Macedonia. In Montenegro the party merged with smaller Bosniak and Slavic Muslim parties and created the Bosniak Party.

The party is an observer member of the European People's Party (EPP).

Election results[edit]

At the legislative elections held on 3 October 2010, the party won the following posts:

The SDA made major gains in the 2012 elections.


  • Babić, Marko (2014). Milosevic, Marko; Rekawek, Kacper, eds. Perseverance of Terrorism: Focus on Leaders. Amsterdam: IOS Press. ISBN 9781614993872. 
  • Farmer, Brian R. (2010). Radical Islam in the West: Ideology and Challenge. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. ISBN 9780786462100. 

External links[edit]