Party of Democratic Action of Sandžak

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Party of Democratic Action of Sandžak
Странка демократске акције Санџака
Stranka demokratske akcije Sandžaka
Abbreviation SDA Sandžaka
President Sulejman Ugljanin
Secretary-General Selma Džinović
Deputy President Šemsudin Kučević
Vice President Enis Imamović
Founder Sulejman Ugljanin
Founded 29 July 1990 (1990-07-29)
Headquarters Novi Pazar, Serbia
Ideology Bosniak nationalism
Autonomism[1]
Islamic democracy
Religion Sunni Islam
Colours Green
National Assembly
2 / 250
Bosniac National Council
19 / 35
Website
www.sda.rs

The Party of Democratic Action of Sandžak (Serbian Cyrillic: Странка Демократске Акције Санџака, Bosnian: Stranka demokratske akcije Sandžaka) is a political party that represents the Bosniak ethnic majority in the Sandžak region of Serbia.

History[edit]

The Party of Democratic Action of Sandžak (SDA) was founded on 29 July 1990 in Novi Pazar,[2] as a branch of the Party of Democratic Action based in Sarajevo,[3] which was then a pan-Yugoslav political party.[4] The branch was founded in order to protect the interests of Muslims of Sandžak, Serbia, Montenegro and Kosovo.[5] The leadership of the SDA included Sulejman Ugljanin, president of the SDA, Harun Hadžić, president of the SDA of Montenegro, Numan Balić, president of the SDA of Kosovo and Metohija and Riza Halili, president of the SDA of Preševo.[2]

The SDA founded the Muslim National Council of Sandžak (MNVS) on 11 May 1991.[5] The MNVS acted as a quasi-governmental body of the Sandžak Muslims.[6] It organised a referendum between 25 and 27 October 1991,[7] asking the Sandžak Muslims weather they're in favour of "full political and territorial autonomy" of Sandžak and its "right to join one of the sovereign republics", presumably the SR Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Serbian authorities declared the referendum unconstitutional.[8] The referendum was organised with the support from the Bosnian SDA, although this was denied by the MNVS.[9] The MNVS claimed that 264,000 people in Sandžak, the rest of the SFR Yugoslavia and abroad asked to be included on the voter list.[10] The turnout was 71%, while 98% voted in favour of the political and territorial autonomy of Sandžak with right of joining to other republics of the SFR Yugoslavia.[7] President of the SDA said that the MNVS will decide which republic will Sandžak join, depending on further developments.[10]

In late November the MNVS selected a new government.[9] The secretry of the SDA, Rasim Ljajić was named the prime minister, while Ugljanin remained the president of the MNVS. The SDA maintained majority in the government, with the Liberal Bosniak Organisation and the Party of National Equity also being represented.[6]

After the European Community declared the recognition of former Yugoslav republics in December 1991, Ugljanin sent the results of referendum to the Dutch Foreign Minister Hans van den Broek asking for "the recognition and full international and legal subjectivity of Sandžak".[10] In January 1992, the MNVS declared the creation of a "special status" for Sandžak that would give to the region a far-reaching autonomy. The initiative wasn't recognised by the Yugoslav or Serbian government.[6]

In a follow-up letter to the European Ministerial Council of 5 April 1992, Ugljanin, under the impact of the imminent foundation of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (founded after other republics left the SFR Yugoslavia, except Serbia and Montenegro), and referring to the Bosnian War, asked again for the recognition of Sandžak, as well as deployment of UN troops and other international presence.[10]

On 18 April, a Conference of Muslim Intellectuals of Sandžak, Montenegro and Serbia protested, in strong terms, against the foundation of the FR Yugoslavia against their will, calling for its nonrecognition. The MNVS adopted a resolution on 28 April that denied existence of the FR Yugoslavia, and insisted that the Sandžak Muslims should join the republic of their choice, which, in this case, was the Bosnian Muslim dominated Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina.[11] In the resolution, it was bluntly said that "Muslims of Sandžak do not recognise newly created Yugoslavia".[10]

Electoral history[edit]

Bosniac National Council[edit]

The first elections for the national councils of various national minorities in Serbia were held in October 2014. The Bosniac National Council has 35 seats. The turnout for the Bosniac National Council was 35.7%. Most of the seats were won by the coalition led by the SDA of Sandžak, which gained 19 representatives, while the opposing coalition under Mufti Muamer Zukorlić won 16 seats.[12]

Serbian parliamentary election[edit]

National Assembly
Election In coalition with Votes won Percentage Seats won Change Government
(Coalition totals) (SDA only)
1990 None 68,446 1.66%
3 / 250
Steady opposition
1997 None 84,156 1.67%
3 / 250
Steady opposition
2003 DPGSSDCSDUList for Sandžak 481,249 12.58%
2 / 250
Decrease 1 opposition
2007 List for Sandžak 33,823 0.84%
2 / 250
Steady opposition
2008 List for Sandžak 38,148 0.92%
2 / 250
Steady government
2012 None 27,708 0.71%
2 / 250
Steady government
2014 None 35,157 0.98%
3 / 250
Increase 1 opposition
2016 None 30,092 0.80%
2 / 250
Decrease 1 N/A

Municipal and city councils in Sandžak[edit]

Local election Council
Novi Pazar Tutin Sjenica Prijepolje Priboj Nova Varoš Total won / Total contested
2012
14 / 47
21 / 37
12 / 39
6 / 61
3 / 41
0 / 27
56 / 252
2016
11 / 47
22 / 37
15 / 39
3 / 61
4 / 41
0 / 27
55 / 252

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

Books
  • Ahrens, Geert-Hinrich (2007). Diplomacy on the Edge: Containment of Ethnic Conflict and the Minorities Working Group of the Conferences on Yugoslavia. Washington, D. C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press. ISBN 0801885574. 
  • Bugajski, Janusz (1994). Ethnic Politics in Eastern Europe: A Guide to Nationality Policies, Organizations, and Parties. Amonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe. ISBN 1563242826. 
  • Poulton, Hugh; Taji-Farouki, Suha (1997). Muslim Identity and the Balkan State. London: C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. ISBN 1850652767. 
  • Stojarová, Vera; Emerson, Peter (2013). Party Politics in the Western Balkans. London: Routledge. ISBN 1135235856. 
  • Szöcsik, Edina; Bochsler, Daniler (2014). "On Fissions and Fusions of Ethnic Minority Parties". New Nation-States and National Minorities. Colchester: ECPR Press. ISBN 1907301860. 
  • Vance, Charles M.; Paik, Yongsun (2006). Managing a Global Workforce: Challenges and Opportunities in International Human Resource Management. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe. ISBN 0765620162. 
Other

External links[edit]