Party of the European Left

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Party of the European Left

Partei der Europäischen Linken
Parti de la Gauche Européenne
Partito della Sinistra Europea
Partido de la Izquierda Europea
Partido da Esquerda Europeia
Κόμμα Ευρωπαϊκής Αριστεράς
Avrupa Sol Partisi
Il-Partit Ewropew tax-Xellug
PresidentGregor Gysi (DE)
Leader in the EPGabriele Zimmer (DE)
Founded8–9 May 2004;
14 years ago
HeadquartersSquare de Meeûs 25,
1000 Brussels, Belgium
Think tankTransform Europe[1]
Women's wingEL FEM
IdeologyDemocratic socialism[2]
Communism[2]
Political positionLeft-wing to far-left
International affiliationNone
European Parliament groupEuropean United Left–Nordic Green Left
Colours     Red
European Parliament
28 / 751
European Council
1 / 28
European Lower Houses
344 / 9,874
European Upper Houses
27 / 2,714
Website
www.european-left.org

The Party of the European Left (PEL), commonly abbreviated European Left, is a European political party that operates as an association of democratic socialist[2] and communist[2] political parties in the European Union and other European countries. It was formed in January 2004 for the purposes of running in the 2004 European Parliament elections. EL was founded on 8–9 May 2004 in Rome.[3] Elected MEPs from member parties of the European Left sit in the European United Left–Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL) group in the European parliament.

Several of the member and observer parties participate also in the more radical European Anti-Capitalist Left. Before the European Left was founded, most of its members already held annual meetings together as part of the New European Left Forum (NELF).[4]

Its first congress took place on 8 October 2005, in Athens, which produced the Athens Declaration of the European Left. The second congress was held 23–25 November 2007 in Prague.[5] The third congress was held on 2–5 December 2010 in Paris.[6][7][8] Its fourth congress was held on 13–15 December 2013 in Madrid.[9] Its fifth congress took place on 16–18 December 2016 in Berlin,[10] electing German lawyer and politician Gregor Gysi as the new EL President. The four Vice-Presidents are Maite Mola, Margarita Mileva, Paolo Ferrero and former EL President Pierre Laurent. Swiss Brigitte Berthouzoz serves as the new EL treasurer.

As of December 2016, the Party of the European Left gathers 27 member parties, 8 observers and 3 partners from 25 European countries.

Member parties[edit]

Country Party National MPs European MEPs
 Austria Communist Party of Austria - -
 Belarus Belarusian Left Party "A Just World"[11] - Not in EU
 Bulgaria Bulgarian Left[12] - -
 Czech Republic Party of Democratic Socialism - -
 Denmark Red-Green Alliance[13]
14 / 179
-
 Estonia Estonian United Left Party - -
 Finland Communist Party of Finland[14] - -
Left Alliance[11]
12 / 200
1 / 13
 France French Communist Party
12 / 577
18 / 348
2 / 74
 Germany The Left[15]
69 / 709
7 / 96
 Greece Coalition of the Radical Left
145 / 300
4 / 21
 Hungary Workers' Party of Hungary 2006[11] - -
 Italy Communist Refoundation Party -
1 / 73
 Luxembourg The Left
2 / 60
-
 Moldova Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova
0 / 101
Not in EU
 Portugal Left Bloc
19 / 230
1 / 21
 Romania Socialist Party of Romania - -
 Slovenia The Left
9 / 90
-
 Spain United Left
8 / 350
4 / 54
Communist Party of Spain with United Left with United Left
United and Alternative Left with United Left with United Left
  Switzerland Swiss Party of Labour
1 / 200
not in EU
 Turkey Freedom and Solidarity Party[16] - Not in EU

Observer parties[edit]

Country Party National MPs European MPs
 Belgium VEGA Movement [fr; zh] - -
 Cyprus New Cyprus Party[17] -
0 / 6
Progressive Party of Working People
19 / 56
2 / 6
United Cyprus Party[18] -
0 / 6
 Czech Republic Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia
15 / 200
3 / 21
 Italy Italian Left
3 / 630
2 / 73
The Other Europe -
2 / 73
 Slovakia Communist Party of Slovakia - -
 United Kingdom Left Unity[19] - -

Partners[edit]

 Austria Der Wandel
 France Ensemble
 Hungary Left Party

As well as those of member and observer parties, individuals may also hold membership of the party.[20]

European Council[edit]

The EL has one out of the 28 heads of State or Government that attend the EL summits in preparation for the European Council:

Member State Representative Title Political party Member of the Council since Photo
 Greece
Alexis Tsipras
Prime Minister
Coalition of the Radical Left
26 January 2015
Alexis Tsipras 2013.jpg

Former members[edit]

Country Party
 Belgium Communist Party (Flanders) stopped working as a Party in 2009, since December 2013 not listed as a Member
Communist Party (Wallonia) resignation decided at the party congress on 30 July 2018.[21]
 France United Left (France) merged with the French Communist Party in Fall 2015
Left Party (France) left the EL on 1 July 2018
 Germany German Communist Party ended on 27 February 2016 the observer status.[22]
 Greece Renewing Communist Ecological Left merged to Syriza in 2003
 Hungary Hungarian Workers' Party quit 1 May 2009
 Italy Party of Italian Communists renamed in Partito Comunista d'Italia in December 2014
 Poland Young Socialists (Poland) dissolved in 2015, which meant that the "observer status" was lost

Leadership[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.europarl.europa.eu/pdf/grants/Grant_amounts_foundations%2003-2015_new%20logo.pdf
  2. ^ a b c d Nordsieck, Wolfram (2015). "European Union". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 8 June 2017. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  3. ^ Kate Hudson (2012). The New European Left: A Socialism for the Twenty-First Century?. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 46. ISBN 978-1-137-26511-1.
  4. ^ "Some remarks concerning the creation of the Party of the European Left". Official European Left site. Archived from the original on 2 October 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
  5. ^ Press release of the EL Executive Board meeting in Tallinn, May 2007 Archived 1 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "European Left convenes third congress in Paris". Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2010.
  7. ^ "Executive board met in Luxembourg: Countdown to the Congress". Party of the European Left. 15 September 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 13 October 2010.
  8. ^ "EL elects new President and vice-chairpersons!". Party of the European Left. 6 December 2010. Archived from the original on 13 December 2010. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  9. ^ "Convention of the 4th Congress of the Party of the European Left". Party of the European Left. 12 January 2013. Archived from the original on 14 April 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  10. ^ {{http://www.european-left.org/5th-congress-berlin-2016}}
  11. ^ a b c Approved as a full member by the Executive Board of the PEL in Geneva in October 2009. "The EL Executive Board settles the agenda for 2010". Party of the European Left. 25 October 2009. Retrieved 7 December 2010. The decision was ratified by PEL's 3rd congress in December 2010. "EL elects new President and vice-chairpersons!". Party of the European Left. 6 October 2009. Archived from the original on 13 December 2010. Retrieved 7 December 2010.
  12. ^ Approved as a full member by the Executive Board of the PEL in Luxembourg in September 2010. "Executive board met in Luxembourg: Countdown to the Congress". Party of the European Left. 15 September 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 13 October 2010. The decision was ratified by PEL's 3rd congress in December 2010. "EL elects new President and vice-chairpersons!". Party of the European Left. 6 October 2009. Archived from the original on 13 December 2010. Retrieved 7 December 2010.
  13. ^ Approved as a full member by the Executive Board of the PEL in Barcelona in June 2010. It had an observer status before. The decision was ratified by PEL's 3rd congress in December 2010. "EL elects new President and vice-chairpersons!". Party of the European Left. 6 October 2009. Archived from the original on 13 December 2010. Retrieved 7 December 2010.
  14. ^ The Communist Party of Finland changed its status from observer to full member party in October 2009. The decision was ratified by PEL's 3rd congress in December 2010. "EL elects new President and vice-chairpersons!". Party of the European Left. 6 October 2009. Archived from the original on 13 December 2010. Retrieved 7 December 2010.
  15. ^ The Left Party.PDS was a founding party of PEL. Labour and Social Justice – The Electoral Alternative had been approved as a full member by the Executive Board of the PEL by May 2007. After the unification of the two parties in The Left (Die Linke) in June 2007, the new party became full member of the PEL
  16. ^ Approved as a full member by the Executive Board of the PEL in May 2007. The decision was ratified by PEL's 2nd congress.
  17. ^ Approved in observer status by the Executive Board of the PEL in Geneva in October 2009. "Welcome to four new Members!". Party of the European Left. 25 October 2009. Retrieved 24 October 2012.
  18. ^ Approved in observer status by the Executive Board of the PEL in Luxembourg in September 2010. "Executive board met in Luxembourg: Countdown to the Congress". Party of the European Left. 15 September 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 13 October 2010.
  19. ^ "We will be part of the Party of the European Left group, which includes SYRIZA in Greece and Die Linke in Germany, and calls for a radically different type of European integration." Betzien, Jody (28 April 2014). "Britain: Left Unity spokesperson on challenges in building a new party". Green Left Weekly. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  20. ^ "EL statute, article six". european-left.org. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  21. ^ Pourquoi le PCB a quitté le Parti de la Gauche Européenne (PGE) — Official statement on the party website.
  22. ^ ELP-Beobachterstatus beendet – Bericht vom 3. Tag des XXI. Parteitag der DKP. Newswebsite of the Deutschen Kommunistischen Partei (DKP).

External links[edit]