Parupeneus forsskali

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Parupeneus forsskali
Parupeneus forsskali in the Mediterranean Sea
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Mullidae
Genus: Parupeneus
P. forsskali
Binomial name
Parupeneus forsskali
  • Pseudupeneus forsskali Fourmanoir & Guézé, 1976
  • Mullus auriflamma Forsskål, 1775
  • Mulloides auriflamma (Forsskål, 1775)
  • Mulloidichthys auriflamma (Forsskål, 1775)

Parupeneus forsskali, common name Red Sea goatfish, is a species of goatfish belonging to the family Mullidae.


The species name forsskali honors the Swedish naturalist and explorer Peter Forsskål (1732-1763).[3] Forsskål originally described this fish as Mullus auriflamma but the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature suppressed this name in its decision number 846[4] and in 1976 Fourmanoir & Guézé proposed the name Pseudupeneus forsskali.[5]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

This species is endemic to the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. It is also present in the Mediterranean Sea since its first confirmed record in 2012.[6][7] These marine subtropical fish are shallow sandy bottoms, with a depth range 1–45 metres (3 ft 3 in – 147 ft 8 in).[2]


Video clip

Parupeneus forsskali can reach a common length of about 25 centimetres (9.8 in), with a maximum length of 28 centimetres (11 in) in males.[2] The Red Sea goatfish has a relatively elongate body and a pointed snout, with the twin chin barbels typical of goatfishes. These fish have eight dorsal spines, nine dorsal soft rays and seven anal soft rays. The body color is white with a broad black to dark brown stripe, sometimes tending to reddish, reaching from the upper lip through the eye and along the body, followed by an irregular roundish black spot at the base of the yellow caudal peduncle. Body above stripe is grayish green. The caudal fin is yellow, while the second dorsal and anal fins have narrow blue and yellow stripes.[2][8]


Red Sea goatfish spend most of their time moving slowly in small groups over the bottom searching for prey with their barbels. They mainly feed on small invertebrates living on sand bottoms (worms, small crustaceans).[2]


  • Fenner, Robert M.: The Conscientious Marine Aquarist. Neptune City, USA : T.F.H. Publications, 2001.
  • Helfman, G., B. Collette y D. Facey: The diversity of fishes. Blackwell Science, Malden, Massachusetts, USA 1997.
  • Hoese, D.F. 1986: . A M.M. Smith y P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin
  • Manal M. Sabrah - Fisheries biology of the Red Sea goatfish Parupeneus forsskali (Fourmanoir & Guézé, 1976) from the northern Red Sea, Hurghada, Egypt - The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research - Volume 41, Issue 1, 2015, Pages 111–117
  • Maugé, L.A. 1986. A J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse y D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB Bruxelles.
  • Moyle, P. y J. Cech.: Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 4th. Ed., Upper Saddle River, USA - Prentice-Hall. 2000.
  • Nelson, J.: Fishes of the World, 3rd. ed. USA: John Wiley and Sons.1994.
  • Randall, J.E. (2004) Revision of the goatfish genus Parupeneus (Perciformes: Mullidae), with descriptions of two new species., Indo-Pacific Fishes (36):64 p
  • Steven Weinberg - Découvrir la mer Rouge et l'océan Indien (2005)
  • Wheeler, A.: The World Encyclopedia of Fishes, 2nd. Ed, London: Macdonald. Año


  1. ^ Uiblein, F.; Shaheen, S.; Everett, B.; Maunde, C.; Matiku, P.; Sithole, Y. (2020). "Parupeneus forsskali". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T69182150A69183289.
  2. ^ a b c d e Froese, Rainer; Pauly, Daniel (eds.) (2019). "Parupeneus forsskali" in FishBase. December 2019 version.
  3. ^ Christopher Scharpf & Kenneth J. Lazara (2 January 2020). "Order SYNGNATHIFORMES: Families DACTYLOPTERIDAE, PEGASIDAE, CALLIONYMIDAE, DRACONETTIDAE and MULLIDAE". The ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher Scharpf and Kenneth J. Lazara. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  4. ^ International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1968). "Opinion 846". Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature. 25: 14–15.
  5. ^ Pierre Fourmanoir; Paul Guézé (1976). "Pseudupeneus forsskali nom. nov. (= Mullus auriflamma Forsskål 1775)". Travaux et Documents de l'O.R.S.T.O.M. 47: 45–48.
  6. ^ Atlas of Exotic Fishes in the Mediterranean Sea (Parupeneus forsskali). 2nd Edition. 2021. 366p. CIESM Publishers, Paris, Monaco.
  7. ^ Niki Chartosia & ikolas Michailidis (2016). "First confirmed presence of the Red Sea goatfish Parupeneus forsskali (Fourmanoir & Guézé, 1976) from Cyprus". Marine Biodiversity Records. 9 (33). doi:10.1186/s41200-016-0032-7.
  8. ^ CIESM

External links[edit]