Pasamalar

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Pasamalar
Pasamalar.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byA. Bhimsingh
Produced byM. R. Santhanam
K. Mohan
Screenplay byA. Bhimsingh
Story byK. P. Kottarakara
StarringSivaji Ganesan
Gemini Ganesan
Savitri
Music byViswanathan–Ramamoorthy
CinematographyG. Vittal Rao
Edited byA. Bhimsingh
A. Paul Duraisingh
R. Thirumalai
Production
company
Rajamani Pictures
Distributed bySivaji Productions
Release date
  • 27 May 1961 (1961-05-27)
Running time
180 minutes[1]
CountryIndia
LanguageTamil

Pasamalar (lit. The Flower of Love) is a 1961 Indian Tamil-language drama film directed by A. Bhimsingh. It stars Sivaji Ganesan, Gemini Ganesan and Savithri, while K. A. Thangavelu, M. N. Rajam and M. N. Nambiar play supporting roles. It tells the story of Rajasekhar and his bonding with his younger sister Radha. Radha falls in love with his brother's friend. Rajasekhar eventually arranges for their marriage. Problems they face form the story. It was the film adaptation of the Malayalam writer Kottarakara's story of the same name.

The film was predominantly shot in Neptune Studios. The film was produced by M. R. Santhanam and K. Mohan under the production companies, Rajamani Pictures and Mohan Arts respectively. The film's original soundtrack was composed by M. S. Viswanathan and T. K. Ramamoorthy, while the lyrics were written by Kannadasan. The story for the film was written by K. P. Kottarakkara and the dialogues by Aaroor Dass. Pasamalar eventually became a trendsetter resulting in similar themes about brother sister relationship.

Pasamalar was released on 27 May 1961 and received critical acclaim with Ganesan and Savitri's performances being widely lauded. The film was also a commercial success, with a theatrical run of over 26 weeks, thereby becoming a silver jubilee film. The film won the Certificate of Merit for Second Best Feature film at the 9th National Film Awards. It was later remade in numerous languages including Hindi, Telugu, Kannada and Sinhala. A digitally restored version of Pasamalar was released on 15 August 2013 and was also well received.

Plot[edit]

Rajasekharan alias Raju becomes the guardian to his younger sister Radha after their parents' death. The brother-sister duo love, care and adore each other and are inseparable. When the factory in which Raju works is shut down due to a labour problem and he is depressed, Radha gives him 1000 which she had earned and saved by making toys. She advises him to use this money as seed capital and commence his own toy business. The dutiful brother follows his sister's advice, starts a business and in a short time, becomes rich. Anand, a former colleague of Raju who earlier helped him to get a job in his old factory, is jobless and approaches Raju for work. Raju appoints him in his concern and over a period of time, Anand and Radha fall in love. Raju, who is very possessive of his sister, gets angry with Anand as he feels betrayed. However, knowing how intensely Radha loves Anand, he arranges for their wedding.

After the marriage, Anand, along with his aunt and cousin, move into Raju's house. Raju marries Malathy, a doctor, on Radha's suggestion. All of them continue to live under the same roof and several misunderstandings arise. Anand's aunt uses every opportunity to widen the rift between Malathy and Radha and Radha and Anand. Unable to witness Radha's troubles, Raju moves out of the house with his wife. Through Radha, Anand's aunt serves a legal notice to Raju, demanding a share in the property for Radha. Malathy files a counter petition and the property is attached by the court, pending resolution. Unable to see Radha's sufferings, Raju withdraws the case. Still the families do not unite. Radha delivers a girl and Malathy delivers a boy. After her child's birth, Malathy goes abroad for further studies, leaving the child with Raju.

Unable to cope with the separation from his sister and to have peace of mind, Raju goes on a pilgrimage for several months. He returns on Diwali day and goes to meet Radha, but is denied entry by Anand's aunt. While going back, he saves a little girl from getting burnt by fire crackers and in the process, loses his eyesight. He is hospitalised and Radha rushes to the hospital to see her brother. Raju learns that the girl he saved is none other than his niece. Unable to cope with his inability to see them, he dies; Radha too dies holding his hand. The duo becomes an epitome of brother-sister relationship. In the shadow of their deaths, the children unite and seek their heavenly blessings.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

K. P. Kottakara, a Malayalam film producer and story writer, wrote a story about the everlasting relationship between a brother and sister,[3] with the intention of making it a film. He approached A. Bhimsingh, a director who gained a reputation for making successful family drama films, and narrated the story to him. After listening to the story, Bhimsingh agreed to make it as the film that would become Pasamalar.[4] Sivaji Ganesan and Savitri, who previously acted in many film as lovers, were cast as the siblings, making this the first film where they did so. The film was produced by K. Mohan under the banner of Rajamani Pictures. Along with him, M. R.Santhanam was a co-producer.[4] Aaroor Dass wrote the dialogues.[5]

Few scenes were shot at Sivaji's home in T. Nagar and the location was used for other Sivaji starrers.[6] One day, the climax with the highly emotional dialogue, "Kai Veesamma Kai Veesu" was being canned, during the break, Sivaji didn't even have lunch as he want to starve the whole day to get the perfect emotion and diction for the scene.[7]

Themes[edit]

According to Soorian Kasi Pandian, author of the 1996 book India, That Is, Sidd, Pasamalar means "Flower of Love". The term "Pasa" refers to brotherly love which involves sacrifices for his loved sister.[8]

Soundtrack[edit]

Pasamalar
Soundtrack album by
Released1961
LabelEMI Records
ProducerViswanathan–Ramamoorthy

The music was composed by Viswanathan–Ramamoorthy.[9] The soundtrack was released under the label Saregama.[10] "Vaarayen Thozhi Vaarayo" attained popularity, and has been played at many Tamil weddings. It was composed in Abheri, a carnatic raga.[11] The song provided major breakthrough for its playback singer LR Eeswari.[12][13]

No. Song Singers Lyrics Length (m:ss)
1 "Anbu Malar" M. S. Viswanathan Kannadasan 02:25
2 "Engalukkum Kaalam Varum" T. M. Soundararajan, P. Susheela 03:30
3 "Malargalai Pol Thangai" (Sad) T. M. Soundararajan 01:58
4 "Malargalai Pol Thangai" T. M. Soundararajan 05:24
5 "Malarnthum Malaradha" T. M. Soundararajan, P. Susheela 05:10
6 "Mayangugiraal" P. Susheela 04:00
7 "Paatondru" Jamuna Rani 04:32
8 "Vaarayen Thozhi" L. R. Eswari 05:30
9 "Yaar Yaar Aval" P. B. Sreenivas, P. Susheela 04:02

Release[edit]

Pasamalar was released on 27 May 1961.[14] The film was a commercial success, running for over 26 weeks,[15] thereby becoming a silver jubilee film.[16]

Critical reception[edit]

M. Suganth of Times of India noted: "Pasa Malar is actually not a feel-bad movie. Yes, it is melancholic but it also restores your faith in human relationships, not just the brother-sister bond which is the crux of this tale, and its unflinching pursuit of pathos only feels audacious now".[17] Sify called it the "most memorable film on sister sentiments".[18] Tamil magazine Ananda Vikatan called it a milestone film and mentioned that though films may come and go, this one would stay forever in the hearts of those who had a chance to see it.[19]

Awards[edit]

The film won National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil – Certificate of Merit for the Second Best Feature Film in 1962.[20]

Home media[edit]

Pasamalar was released in DVD by Raj Video Vision in 2015.[21] It was also included alongside various Sivaji-starrers in a compilation DVD Yettavathu Ulaga Athisayam Sivaji (Sivaji Ganesan: Eighth Wonder of the World), which was released in May 2012.[22][23]

Remakes[edit]

Pasamalar has been remade in number of languages, including Sinhala (as Suhada Sohoyuro in 1963).[24][25] The first Hindi remake, Rakhi (1962) was directed by Bhimsingh, the director of the original.[25] It was again remade in Hindi in 1986 as Aisa Pyaar Kahan.[26] It was remade in Telugu as Rakta Sambandham (1962) with Savitri reprising her role, and in Kannada as Vathsalya (1965).[27]

Legacy[edit]

The film became a trendsetter and inspired similar films of brother-sister relationships like Mullum Malarum (1978).[28] In July 2007, S. R. Ashok Kumar of The Hindu asked eight Tamil film directors to list their all-time favourite Tamil films; four of them – K. Balachander, Balu Mahendra, Mani Ratnam, K. S. Ravikumar – named Pasamalar as one of the favourite films in Tamil. K. S. Ravikumar said "As a kid I saw 'Pasamalar' and cried. As an adult, each time I have seen it I was moved to tears. That is the power of the script and the performance of lead players".[29] Playback singer Asha Bhosle noted that Pasamalar was the first Tamil film she had watched.[30] Samy remarked that his directorial Kangaroo (2015) was a "modern day Pasamalar".[31] Actor Sivakumar stated, "You can't reproduce movies like Parasakthi, Pasamalar, Devadas, Veerapandiya Kattabomman or Ratha Kanneer [...] By remaking such films, you are lowering yourself, while it enhances the original artists' image".[32]

In popular culture[edit]

Footage of Paasa Malar is featured in the 2011 Tamil film Velayudham.[33] Footage of the song "Malarnthu Malaratha" is featured in the opening scene of Jigarthanda (2014).[34]

Pasamalar has been parodied and referenced many times. The dialogue from this film "En Kannaye Unkitta Oppadaikaren, Adhula ennikume Anandakanneera naan pakkanum, Manjal Kungumamthoda Nee Needoozhi Vazhavendum" (I am giving my sister to you, she should always shed happy tears, you should live long with prosperity) became one of the famous dialogues in the film.[35] The dialogue appears in the song "Sakkarakattikku" from Mella Thirandhathu Kadhavu (1986) in which a small boy utters imagining the marriage of Radha.[36] In a comedy scene from Magudam (1993), Senthil utters the dialogue in a lighter vein to his sister. Goundamani who has married his sister is irritated that the lady is blackish in colour and she doesn't deserve these words.[37] In Thai Poranthachu (2000), Vivek sings "Malargalai Pol Thangai" in a lighter vein after hearing the sob story of his tenant.[38] In Aasaiyil Oru Kaditham (1999), Vivek sings the same song after hearing that the lady sweeper is married.[39] In Thangam (2008), Sathyaraj sings the same song to his sister just like Sivaji's character from the film.[40] In Thoranai (2009), when Paravai Muniyamma and Mayilsamy fall down unconscious reminiscent of the film's climax, Santhanam jokingly remarks that as if there are the brother-sister pair from Pasamalar.[41] An unrelated television serial of the same name produced by Home Media Makers and directed by Azhagar was aired on Sun TV.[42]

The following year, Sivaji and Savithri acted as lead pair in a film called Ellam Unakkaga. The film became a failure as the audience couldn't digest Sivaji and Savitri as lovers after seeing them as siblings.[43]

Re-release[edit]

A digitally restored version of Pasamalar was released on 15 August 2013, during India's Independence Day.[44][45] The digital conversion was done by Prasad EFX, Chennai.[46] M. Suganth of The Times of India rated it 5 out of 5, saying "The restoration, cinemascope and audio conversion are pretty good while the trimming (by veteran editor Lenin, Bhimsingh's son) manages to retain the continuity to a large extent."[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rajadhyaksha & Willemen 1998, p. 370.
  2. ^ Karan Bali. "Lost in remaking? A Bhimsingh's films found new fans in Hindi but are better viewed in Tamil". Scroll.in. Archived from the original on 23 November 2016. Retrieved 30 August 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. ^ "Film producer K.P. Kottarakara dead". The Hindu. 21 November 2006. Archived from the original on 24 March 2018. Retrieved 12 September 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  4. ^ a b "சாவித்திரி (8)". Dinamalar (in Tamil). 22 May 2016. Archived from the original on 29 November 2018. Retrieved 29 November 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  5. ^ Krishnamachari, Suganthy (23 February 2012). "'Star' Wordsmith". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 27 October 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  6. ^ "T.Nagar and tinsel town". The Hindu. 18 December 2011. Archived from the original on 24 March 2018. Retrieved 12 September 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  7. ^ Subramanian, Anupama (15 August 2013). "Digital Pasamalar in 70 TN screens". Deccan Chronicle. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 12 September 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  8. ^ Pandian 1996, p. 96.
  9. ^ "Pasamalar Songs". raaga. Archived from the original on 7 January 2015. Retrieved 23 November 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  10. ^ "Paasamalar". Saregama. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 12 September 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  11. ^ Mani, Charulatha. "A Raga's Journey — Aspects of Abheri". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 7 June 2015. Retrieved 12 September 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  12. ^ S.R. Ashok Kumar. "Role play". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 24 March 2018. Retrieved 12 September 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  13. ^ P. K . AJITH KUMAR. "Rocking at 74". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  14. ^ "Pasamalar Release". nadigarthilagam. Archived from the original on 9 December 2016. Retrieved 23 November 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  15. ^ Film News Anandan (2004). Sadhanaigal Padaitha Thamizh Thiraipada Varalaru [Tamil film history and its achievements] (in Tamil). Chennai: Sivagami Publishers. Archived from the original on 4 May 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  16. ^ "MGR, man of the masses". The Hindu. 17 January 2018. Archived from the original on 20 January 2018. Retrieved 23 March 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  17. ^ a b Suganth, M. "Pasa Malar Movie Review". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 9 September 2017. Retrieved 12 September 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  18. ^ "Raksha Bandhan Special — Thangachi Pasam still works". Sify. 14 August 2011. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 12 September 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  19. ^ "பாசமலர்". Ananda Vikatan (in Tamil). 1961.
  20. ^ "9th National Film Awards". International Film Festival of India. Archived from the original on 2 December 2016. Retrieved 8 September 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  21. ^ "Pasa Malar". Amazon.in. 5 January 2015. Archived from the original on 24 March 2018. Retrieved 23 March 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  22. ^ Iyer, Aruna V. (12 May 2012). "For the love of Sivaji". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 27 March 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  23. ^ "DVD on Sivaji Ganesan to be released on May 6". The Hindu. 5 May 2012. Archived from the original on 24 March 2018. Retrieved 23 March 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  24. ^ Munasinghe, Geesha (25 January 2006). "The indefatigable master film-maker". Daily News. Sri Lanka. Archived from the original on 23 March 2018. Retrieved 23 March 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  25. ^ a b Rangarajan, Malathi (3 August 2013). "A paean to sibling love". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 16 November 2016. Retrieved 12 September 2015.
  26. ^ "Did You Know?". The Times of India. 17 August 2013. Archived from the original on 23 March 2018. Retrieved 12 September 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  27. ^ Narasimham, M. L. (20 October 2016). "Blast from the past: Raktha Sambandham (1962)". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 23 March 2018. Retrieved 23 March 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  28. ^ "Savitri: Five films of the late actress that are a must watch". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 29 November 2018. Retrieved 29 November 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  29. ^ Ashok Kumar, S. R. (13 July 2007). "Filmmakers' favourites". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 11 October 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  30. ^ Priyadarshini Paitandy (31 October 2013). "Aah, Aah, Aaja... Asha!". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 30 August 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  31. ^ Lakshmi, V. "Kangaroo: A modern-day pasa malar". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 11 September 2017. Retrieved 12 September 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
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  33. ^ "Vijay does a Rajni". The Times of India. Retrieved 12 September 2015.
  34. ^ "Jigarthanda Movie Review". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 12 September 2015. Retrieved 12 September 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  35. ^ Paasamalar (DVD): clip from 1.28.44 to 1.29.03
  36. ^ Mella Thiranthathu Kadhavu Tamil Movie — Sakkara Kattikku Song — Mohan — Amala — Ilaiyaraaja. YouTube. 7 July 2012. Archived from the original on 24 March 2018. Retrieved 12 September 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  37. ^ Goundamani Comedy — Magudam. YouTube. 18 March 2013. Archived from the original on 9 March 2016. Retrieved 12 September 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  38. ^ Thai Porandaachu
  39. ^ Aasaiyil Oru Kaditham DVD
  40. ^ Thangam DVD
  41. ^ Thoranai DVD
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  43. ^ Guy, Randor. "Ellaam Unakkaaga (1961)". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 14 October 2016. Retrieved 12 September 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  44. ^ Bharat Kumar, M (22 July 2013). "Sivaji's epic Pasamalar to re-release in digital format". The News Today. Archived from the original on 25 July 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
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  46. ^ Subramanian, Karthik (7 December 2013). "Aayirathil Oruvan gets digitally enhanced". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 30 August 2015. Retrieved 12 September 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]