Pasca

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the Romanian dish, see Pască.
Pasca
Town and municipality
Pasca's church and museum façade
Pasca's church and museum façade
Flag of Pasca
Flag
Official seal of Pasca
Seal
Location of the municipality and town of Pasca in the Department of Cundinamarca
Location of the municipality and town of Pasca in the Department of Cundinamarca
Pasca is located in Colombia
Pasca
Pasca
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 4°18′27″N 74°18′3″W / 4.30750°N 74.30083°W / 4.30750; -74.30083Coordinates: 4°18′27″N 74°18′3″W / 4.30750°N 74.30083°W / 4.30750; -74.30083
Country  Colombia
Department Cundinamarca
Province Sumapaz Province
Founded 15 July 1537
Founded by Juan de Céspedes
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Mayor Carlos Muñoz
(2016-2019)
Area
 • Town and municipality 264.24 km2 (102.02 sq mi)
 • Urban 0.27 km2 (0.10 sq mi)
Elevation 2,180 m (7,150 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Town and municipality 12,175
 • Density 46/km2 (120/sq mi)
 • Urban 2,841
 • Urban density 11,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)
Time zone Colombian Standard Time (UTC-5)
Website Official website

Pasca is a town and municipality in the Cundinamarca department of Colombia located in the Andes. It belongs to the Sumapaz Province. Pasca is situated on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense at a distance of 71 kilometres (44 mi) from the capital Bogotá. It borders Fusagasugá, Sibaté and Soacha in the north, Bogotá D.C. in the north and east, Arbeláez in the south and Fusagasugá in the west. The urban center is located at an altitude of 2,180 metres (7,150 ft) and the altitude ranges from 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) to 3,500 metres (11,500 ft).[1]

Etymology[edit]

Pasca in the Chibcha language means "father's enclosure", according to Acosta Ortegón.[2]

History[edit]

Pasca in the time before the Spanish conquest was inhabited by the Muisca people, organized in their Muisca Confederation. The southern Muisca territories were ruled from Bacatá, the current capital. On April 6th 1536 conquistadors Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada and his brother started the strenuous march into the inner highlands of Colombia. With 209 men he arrived on March 12th, 1537 in Guachetá. From there he led his army to conquer the villages of the Muisca on the Bogotá savanna.[1]

One of his captains, Juan de Céspedes, reached Pasca in July 1537, founding modern Pasca on July 15th.[1] It was the last village of the Muisca to be conquered before heading south into the domain of the Sutagao.[2]

Economy[edit]

Main economical activities in Pasca are livestock farming and agriculture, predominantly papa criolla, other potatoes, peas, onions, bunching onions, tree tomatoes, beans, carrots, cabbage, lettuce, tomatoes, maize, blackberries, coriander and the Colombian fruit curuba.[1]

Archeology[edit]

The famous Muisca raft, representing the ritual of El Dorado, was found in the 1969[3] in Pasca. The raft is now part of the Gold Museum collection in Bogotá.

The town contains an archaeological museum and a natural history museum.

Famous pasqueños[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d (Spanish) Official website Pasca
  2. ^ a b (Spanish) Espejo Olaya, Maria Bernarda (1999) Notas sobre toponimia en algunas coplas colombianas Thesaurus. Tomo LIV, Núm. 3. page 1122.
  3. ^ (Spanish) Explanation of the metallurgy of the Muisca raft by Eduardo Londoño - Museo del Oro

External links[edit]