Paschim Medinipur district

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Paschim Medinipur district
District of West Bengal
Location of Paschim Medinipur district in West Bengal
Location of Paschim Medinipur district in West Bengal
Country India
State West Bengal
Administrative division Burdwan
Headquarters Midnapore
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Medinipur, Ghatal, Jhargram (ST) - all have assembly segments in adjoining districts, Arambagh - with one assembly segmant in the district
 • Assembly seats Dantan, Nayagram, Gopiballavpur, Jhargram, Keshiary, Kharagpur Sadar, Narayangarh, Sabang, Pingla, Kharagpur, Debra, Daspur, Ghatal, Chandrakona, Garbeta, Salboni, Keshpur, Medinipur, Binpur
Area
 • Total 9,345 km2 (3,608 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 59,43,300
 • Density 640/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
 • Urban 11.9 per cent
Demographics
 • Literacy 79.04 per cent
 • Sex ratio 960
Major highways NH 6, NH 60
Average annual precipitation 2,111 mm
Website Official website
Map of Paschim Medinipur district showing Midnapore

Paschim Medinipur district (Pron: pɔʃʧɪm med̪iːniːpur) or West Midnapore district (Pron: ˌmɪdnəˈpʊə) (also known as Midnapore West) is the districts of the state of West Bengal, India. It was formed on 1 January 2002 after the Partition of Midnapore into Paschim Medinipur and Purba Medinipur.

Geography[edit]

Overview[edit]

Paschim Medinipur, located in the south-western part of West Bengal, was created with the partition of the erstwhile Midnapore district, then the largest district of India, on 1 January 2002. It ranks second in terms of geographical area (9,295.28  km2) amongst the districts of the state, next to South 24-Parganas (9,960  km2). It ranks third in terms of rural population (4.58 million) following South 24-Parganas (5.82 million) and Murshidabad (5.13 million). It ranked fourth in terms of percentage of tribal population (14.87) following Jalpaiguri (18.87), Purulia (18.27) and Dakshin Dinajpur (16.12) in 2011.[1]

Broadly speaking, there are two natural divisions of the district. NH 14 and NH 16 (old numbering NH 60) from Bankura to Balasore, cuts across the district and roughly is the dividing line between the two natural divisions. To the east of this road, the soil is fertile alluvial and the area is flat. To the west, the Chota Nagpur Plateau gradually slopes down creating an undulating area with infertile laterite rocks/ soil. The landscape changes from dense dry deciduous forests in the west to marshy wetlands in the east.[1]

The alluvial portion may be further subdivided into two divisions. First, it is a strip of purely deltaic country nearer to the Hooghly and the Rupnarayan, intersected by numerous rivers and watercourses subject to tidal influences. Second, it is rest of the eastern half of the district. It is a monotonous rice plain with numerous waterways and tidal creeks intersecting it. The tidal creeks are lined with embankments to prevent flooding of the fields. Much of the area is water-logged.[1]

Floods and drought[edit]

Paschim Medinipur district is subject to both floods and drought. Ghatal and parts of Kharagpur subdivision covering an area of 142,647 hectares (1,426.47 km2) are flood prone. Water logging during the rainy season affects Ghatal and the southern parts of Kharagpur subdivion and results in loss of crops in such areas as Sabang, Pingla and Narayangarh CD Blocks.335,248 hectares (3,352.48 km2) in Jhargram and Medinipur Sadar subdivisions are drought prone. The drought situation is particularly severe in Jhargram subdivision. Although the district is away from the sea, cyclones hit it frequently in October–November.[1]

Major cities and towns[edit]

Midnapore is the district headquarters. Other important towns and cities in the district include: Kharagpur, Jhargram, Ghatal, Belda, Chandrakona, Ramjibanpur, Garbeta, Balichak, Dantan, Mohanpur, Gopiballavpur, Nayagram, Keshiari, Keshpur, Narayangarh, Sabang, Daspur.Mohanpur.

Villages[edit]

Paschim Medinipur district is home to the most villages of any district in India. The 2011 census lists Paschim Medinipur as having 8,694 villages, of which 7,600 are populated, and 1,094 are uninhabited. The district with the next highest number of villages, Mayurbhanj, in the state of Odisha, has 3,950 villages, 3,751 of which are inhabited.

Economy and politics[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Paschim Medinipur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[2] It is one of the eleven districts in West Bengal currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[2]

106 districts spanning 10 states across India, described as being part of Left Wing Extremism activities, constitute the Red corridor. In West Bengal the districts of Paschim Medinipur, Bankura, Purulia and Birbhum are part of the Red corridor. However, as of July 2016, there has been no reported incidents of Maoist related activities from these districts for the previous 4 years.[3] In the period 2009-2011 LWE violence resulted in more than 500 deaths and a similar number missing in Paschim Medinipur district.[4]

Divisions[edit]

Paschim Medinipur district is divided into the following administrative subdivisions: [5]

Subdivision Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
Rural
Population %
(2001)
Urban
Population %
(2001)
Medinipur Sadar Midnapore 2,441.50 1,435,321 87.42 12.58
Jhargram Jhargram 3,037,64 1,136,548 94.73 5.27
Kharagpur Kharagpur 2,913.17 2,293,901 85.58 14.42
Ghatal Ghatal 953.09 1,047,679 87.35 12.65
Paschim Medinipur district Midnapore 9,368.00 5,913,457 88.10 11.90

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

The district comprises four subdivisions: Kharagpur, Medinipur Sadar, Ghatal and Jhargram. Kharagpur subdivision consists of Kharagpur municipality and ten community development blocks: Dantan–I, Dantan–II, Pingla, Kharagpur–I, Kharagpur–II, Sabang, Mohanpur, Narayangarh, Keshiari and Debra. Medinipur Sadar subdivision consists of Midnapore municipality and six community development blocks: Medinipur Sadar, Garhbeta–I, Garhbeta–II, Garhbeta–III, Keshpur and Shalboni. Ghatal subdivision consists of five municipalities (Ramjibanpur, Chandrakona, Khirpai, Kharar and Ghatal) and five community development blocks: Chandrakona–I, Chandrakona–II, Daspur–I, Daspur–II and Ghatal. Jhargram subdivision consists of Jhargram municipality and eight community development blocks: Binpur–I, Binpur–II, Jamboni, Jhargram, Gopiballavpur–I, Gopiballavpur–II, Nayagram and Sankrail.[6]

Midnapore is the district headquarters. There are 28 police stations, 29 development blocks, 8 municipalities and 290 gram panchayats in this district.[6][7]

Other than municipality area, each subdivision contains community development blocks which in turn are divided into rural areas and census towns. In total there are 12 urban units: 8 municipalities and 4 census towns.[7]

Kharagpur subdivision[edit]

  • One municipality: Kharagpur.
  • Dantan I community development block consists of rural areas with 9 gram panchayats and one census town: Chaulia
  • Dantan II community development block consists of rural areas only with 7 gram panchayats.
  • Pingla community development block consists of rural areas only with 10 gram panchayats.
  • Kharagpur I community development block consists of rural areas with 7 gram panchayats and two census towns: Kharagpur Railway Settlement and Kalaikunda.
  • Kharagpur II community development block consists of rural areas only with 9 gram panchayats.
  • Sabang community development block consists of rural areas only with 13 gram panchayats.
  • Mohanpur community development block consists of rural areas only with 5 gram panchayats.
  • Narayangarh community development block consists of rural areas with 16 gram panchayats and one census town: Deuli.
  • Keshiari community development block consists of only rural areas with 9 gram panchayats.
  • Debra community development block consists of rural areas with 14 gram panchayats and one census town: Balichak.

Medinipur Sadar subdivision[edit]

  • One municipality: Midnapore.
  • Midnapore Sadar community development block consists of rural areas only with 9 gram panchayats.
  • Garhbeta I community development block consists of rural areas with 12 gram panchayats and two census towns: Garbeta and Amlagora
  • Garhbeta II community development block consists of rural areas only with 10 gram panchayats.
  • Garhbeta III community development block consists of rural areas with 8 gram panchayats and three census towns: Durllabhganj, Dwari Geria and Naba Kola.
  • Keshpur community development block consists of rural areas only with 15 gram panchayats.
  • Salboni community development block consists of rural areas only with 10 gram panchayats.

Ghatal subdivision[edit]

  • Five municipalities: Ramjibanpur, Chandrakona, Khirpai, Kharar and Ghatal.
  • Chandrakona I community development block consists of rural areas only with 6 gram panchayats.
  • Chandrakona II community development block consists of rural areas only with 6 gram panchayats.
  • Daspur I community development block consists of rural areas only with 10 gram panchayats.
  • Daspur II community development block consists of rural areas only with 14 gram panchayats.
  • Ghatal community development block consists of rural areas only with 12 gram panchayats.

Jhargram subdivision[edit]

Jhargram palace at Jhargram
  • One municipality: Jhargram.
  • Binpur I community development block consists of rural areas only with 10 gram panchayats.
  • Binpur II community development block consists of rural areas with 10 gram panchayats] and one census town: Silda.
  • Jamboni community development block consists of rural areas only with 10 gram panchayats.
  • Jhargram community development block consists of rural areas only with 13 gram panchayats.
  • Gopiballavpur I community development block consists of rural areas only with 7 gram panchayats.
  • Gopiballavpur II community development block consists of rural areas only with 7 gram panchayats.
  • Nayagram community development block consists of rural areas only with 12 gram panchayats.
  • Sankrail community development block consists of rural areas only with 10 gram panchayats.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Paschim Medinipur district has a population of 5,943,300,[8] roughly equal to the nation of Eritrea[9] or the US state of Missouri.[10] This gives it a ranking of 14th in India (out of a total of 640).[8] The district has a population density of 636 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,650/sq mi) .[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 14.44%.[8] Paschim Medinipur has a sex ratio of 960 females for every 1000 males,[8] and a literacy rate of 79.04%.[8]

Culture[edit]

Tourism[edit]

  • Chilkigarh (Kanak Durga Temple and park)
  • Belpahari
  • Jhargram
  • Gopegarh Heritage Park
  • Hatibari forest banglow and jhilli pakhiralay
  • kankrajhore
  • Garrasini asharam,near Belpahari
  • Kaniashar pahar,near Belpahari
  • Gurguripal Heritage Park
  • Parimalkanan park,c.k.t
  • Gangani [Garhbeta]
  • Deer park[Jhargram]
  • Rameshwar Temple,near Rohini(On the bank of Subarnarekha river with nearby green forest called TAPOBAN)
  • Gourya Temple, Near Kharagpur
  • ECO Park DURGAHURI, Near SANKRAIL
  • Bisnu Temple, kultikri
  • Rashikananda Memorial, Rohini
  • Prayag Film City or Midnapore Film City or Chandrakona Film City at Chandrakona Road [11]

Notable personalities[edit]

Education[edit]

Universities and colleges[edit]

Healthcare[edit]

The table below (all data in numbers) presents an overview of the medical facilities available and patients treated in the hospitals, health centres and sub-centres in 2014 in Paschim Medinipur district.[13]

Subdivision Health & Family Welfare Deptt, WB Other
State
Govt
Deptts
Local
bodies
Central
Govt
Deptts /
PSUs
NGO /
Private
Nursing
Homes
Total Total
Number
of
Beds
Total
Number
of
Doctors
Indoor
Patients
Outdoor
Patients
Hospitals
Rural
Hospitals
Block
Primary
Health
Centres
Primary
Health
Centres
Jhargram 1 6 2 25 - - - 7 41 838 87 73,696 1,033,410
Medinipur Sadar 2 5 1 15 3 - 1 26 53 2,117 323 121,486 1,375,817
Kharagpur 2 8 2 27 2 1 2 54 98 1841 197 93,110 1,814,309
Ghatal 1 4 1 15 - - - 46 67 988 66 46,006 742,984
Paschim Medinipur district 6 23 26 82 5 1 3 133 259 5,784 673* 334,298 4,966,520
  • Excluding Nursing Homes

NGOs[edit]

  • Anjali Human Development and Research Organisation Jhargram PIN 721507
  • Science Centre, Midnapore, Pin-721101, functioning since 1987 in the field of science popularisation, building scientific temper among people especially among children, development of science teaching through innovative low cost experiments and have receive Jawahalal Nehru Prize in 2000-01 from ISCA and Meghnad Puraskar from Department of Science and Technology, Government of West Bengal for Science Popularization.
  • Belda Federation of Traders Organisation, Subhas Pally,Post- Belda- 721424,Secretary- Lakshman Ch. Sahoo.
  • Ghatal Nabadoy Welfare Society, Ghatal, Paschim Medinipur, Pin - 721212
  • Public Profit Policy Trust of India(P.P.P.T.I.),Kalkali,Sarishakhola,Keshpur,Midnapore.
  • Sarada Kalyan Bhandar
  • Vidyasagar Vidyapith
  • Sri Sri Nitya Gopal Vision Care Foundation
  • Midnapore.in - Legacy of Midnapore
  • C.F.Andrews .Memorial.Society-Jhargram
  • Barnali Sarangi Foundation - Rohini
  • Society for Positive Atmosphere and Related Support to HIV/AIDS (SPARSHA)-Medinipur Town, Goura,
  • Paschim Khirai Society for Rural & Child Development, Paschim Khirai, Pingla, Midnapore West- 721140
  • Bhelampur Saibaba Sechyasebi seba Sangha,Bhelampur, Gansarisha, Keshiary, Paschim Medinipur, Pin-721133
  • Lowada Cactus Welfare Association, Lowada, Debra, Paschim Medinipur, Pin-721136
  • Gopali Youth welfare Society, Gopali, Kharagpur
  • Gandhi Mission Trust
  • Sarbik Palli Kalyan Kendra (estb 1986),Kiageria,Chandrakona Block-II, Pin-721201
  • Dantan Science Club Dantan Paschim Medinipur pin-721426
  • Pindrui Sonali Sangha.(Estd. 1985) Pindrui. Pingla. Paschim Medinipur. 721131
  • Sonamui Rural Development & Social Welfare Society, Sonamui, P.O. Goura, Dist. Paschim Medinipur, Pin-721146
  • MALIGRAM SAHID KSHUDIRAM SOCIAL WELFARE SOCIETY, Vill & P.O. Maligram, Dist. Paschim Medinipur, Pin-721140
  • MALIGRAM AGRADUT SPORTING CLUB, Vill & P.O. Maligram, Dist. Paschim Medinipur, Pin-721140

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Chapter I Introduction and Human Development Indices for Paschim Mednipur. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved 27 September 2011. 
  3. ^ Singh, Vijayita. "Red Corridor to be redrawn". The Hindu, 25 July 2016. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  4. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page 271. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Table 2.2, 2.4(a). Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  6. ^ a b "Directory of District, Sub division, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal, March 2008". West Bengal. National Informatics Centre, India. 19 March 2008. Retrieved 6 December 2008. 
  7. ^ a b "Administration Setup". Official website of Purba Medinipur district. Archived from the original on 25 April 2008. Retrieved 6 December 2008. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. 
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Eritrea 5,939,484 July 2011 est. 
  10. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Missouri 5,988,927 
  11. ^ http://www.naachgaana.com/2012/04/16/shah-rukh-khan-inaugurates-the-prayag-film-city-in-chandrakona/
  12. ^ http://www.ambigeriagovtcollege.org
  13. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Table 3.1, 3.3. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 

Annyaman Samaj kalyan Samity. Tulip Model School. Khakurda.

==External links==1500 BC

   Reference of Tamralipta first found.

327 BC

   Existence of Tamralipta during Alexander’s invasion to India. 

251 BC

   The Kalinga war of Ashoka.Tamralipta becomes a part of Mourya empire.

320 AD

   Tamralipta flourishes under the Gupta rulers.

605 AD

   Rise of ruler Sasanka in Bengal who ruled over Tamralipta and Dandabhukti (present day Dantan).

1021-1023 AD

   Attack of Rajendara Dhol in Rarh and the beginning of the fall of Tamralipta.

1135 AD

   Anant Barman captures Midhunpur (Medinipur) and fall of Aramyadurg(Arambagh). Medinipur becomes a part of Orissa.

1203 AD

   Bakhtiar Khalji captures Nadia and the beginning of the Muslim rule in Bengal.

13th to 15th Century

   The Hindu rulers of Bishnupur and Chitua and zamindars of South Bengal prevent complete Muslim domination over Bengal.

1497 AD

   Attack of Alauddin Hussain Shah in Orissa.

1509-1518 AD

   Chaitanya Dev visits Puri by travelling through Medinipur. War takes place between Orissa ruler Pratap Rudra and Alauddin Hussain Shah.Considerable areas of Medinpur is captured by the Muslims from the Surya Banshi rulers of Orissa.

1514 AD

   Hijli Port becomes an important centre of commercial trade. Arrival of Portuguese from Orissa.

1574-1575 AD

   War between Mughals and Afghans near Tukaroi village. Afghans are defeated by Todarmal. The name ‘Mughal Mari’ emerges.

1519 AD

   Birth of Rasik Anand in Gopiballavpur.

1593 AD

   Capture of Orissa and Medinipur by Raja Man Singh. Medinipur subsequently comes under Mughal rule.

1622 AD

   Revolt by Shahjahan.

1632 AD

   Death of Rasik Anand.

1687 AD

   Arrival of Job Charnock in Hijli from Hooghly.

1690-1696 AD

   Sova Singh, Zamindar of Chitua (Presently Ghatal) revolts.

1701 AD

   Murshid Kuli Khan becomes the Fouzdar of Medinipur and Bardhaman.

1710 AD

   Murshid Kuli Khan becomes the Dewan of Bengal.

1740 AD

   Battle of Giria between Alivardi Khan and Sarfaroz Khan and subsequent defeat of Alivardi Khan.

1742 AD

   Attack of Marathas (Bargi) in Bengal.

1743 AD

   Second attack of Marathas in Bengal led by Bhaskar Pandit.

1744 AD

   Third attack of Marathas led by Bhaskar Pandit, plunder of Orissa and Medinipur. Bhaskar Pandit is finally killed by Alivardi Khan.

1750 AD

   Alivardi Khan sets a permanent camp in Medinipur as a protection against Maratha raids.

1752 AD

   Marathas kill the Nawab of Orissa, Nazim Mir Habib. A large part of Orissa and Medinipur comes under Maratha rule.

1760 AD

   Attack of Marathas led by Shib Bhatta. The Nayeb of Medinipur Khushi Lal Singh is defeated. Mir Kasim becomes the Nayeb of Bengal. As per treaty Chakal, Medinipur, Bardhaman and Chetua is handed over to East India Company.

1763 AD

   ‘Barabazar’ in Medinipur is set up.

1765 AD

   East India Company wins the Dewani rights of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.

1766 AD

   Famine in Bengal. ‘Bibi Bazar or Small Bazar’ is set up.

1768 AD

   Spanish Bar set up in Patnabazar.

1770 AD

   Wide spread famine in Medinipur

1777 AD

   The first Collector of Medinipur and Jaleswar districts Mr. Pears is appointed.

1783 AD

   Medinipur town is declared as district headquarter on 2 September.

1792 AD

   Famine in Medinipur.

1799-1800 AD

   Pyke revolt led by Rani Shiromoni and Chunilal Khan begins at Silda.

1806 -1816 AD

   Nayek revolt led by Achal Singh

1814 AD

   Local residents of Medinipur set up Medinipur Collegiate School.

1820 AD

   Iswarchandra Vidyasagar born in Birsingha village at present in Ghatal Sub-division.

1823 AD

   Devastating flood in Medinipur.

1831-1834 AD

   Recurring floods in Medinipur

1835 AD

   Medinipur Alms House set up which was later renamed as Medinipur Charitable Society.

1836 AD

   Medinipur Collegiate School is recognized by the Government and upgraded to a High School in 1840. Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was a student of this school.

1839-1840 AD

   Floods in Medinipur.

1841 AD

   Brahma Samaj established in Medinipur by Shiv Chandra Deb.

1851 AD

   Devastating famine in Medinipur. Debendra Nath Tagore arrives in Medinipur.

1852 AD

   Medinipur Public Library is set up and Belly becomes its first President and Rishi Rajnarayan Basu becomes the first Secretary. Presently this library is known as Rajnarayan Smriti Pathagar(Rajnarayan Memorial Library).

1856 AD

   Jadav Chandra Bose sets up the first Bengali School at Tamluk.

1857 AD

   Sepoy Mutiny. Same Mutiny takes places called the Paltan Mutiny in the Sekhawat Battalion in Medinipur. Leader of the revolt, a Tewari Brahmin is hanged in the Collegiate School ground.

1864 AD

   Famine in Medinipur.

1870 AD

   The first Girls’ School is set up at Tamluk.

1886 AD

   Steamer service is set up between Diamondharbour and Tamluk.

1893 AD

   M.N. Roy(alias Narendra Nath Bhattacharjee) is born in Kheput village under Daspur.

1901 AD

   Bengal Provincial Conference takes place in Burdge Town in Medinipur. Satyendra Nath Banerjee and Narendra Nath Ghosh are present in the conference. Bar Library and Printing Press set up at Tamluk.

1902 AD

   Arabinda Ghosh arrives in Medinipur. Extremists Groups under Hemchandra Das Kanungo , Satyendranath Bose and Gyanendra Nath Bose set up in Medinipur. Tatanagar-Kharagpur section of Bengal-Nagpur Railway is inaugurated.

1903 AD

   Sister Nivedita spreads her message in Medinipur.

1904 AD

   Devastating plague epidemic takes place in Ghatal.

1905 AD

   Partition of Bengal has drastic opposition in Medinipur.

1906 AD

   Hem Chandra Das Kanungo designs the Indian tri colour which is subsequently unfurled by Madam Kama at Stuttgart in Germany. 

1907 AD

   Flood in Ghatal and drought in Jhargram. Attempt to blow away train at Narayangarh Station to kill Andrew Frazer.

1908 AD

   Attack of Khudiram and Prafulla Chaki on Kingsford in Muzaffarpur. Unfortunately, Mrs. and Miss Kenedy died. Kshudiram is hanged and Prafulla Chaki commits suicide.

1912 AD

   Attack on police informer Abdul Rahaman during a Muharram procession.

1914 AD

   Floods in Sadar sub-division in Medinipur.

1919 AD

   Devastating floods in Tamluk, Ghatal and Sadar Sub-divisions. Then Bengal Governor Lord Ronald Shaw visits flood affected areas.

1920 AD

   Wide spread revolt in Medinipur during the visit of Prince of Wales in India. Gandhiji arrives in Medinipur.

1922 AD

   Jhargram Sub-division is set up with its headquarters at Jhargram.

1923 AD

   Rediscovery of Digha.

1924 AD

   First High School in Jhargram, K.K. Institution is set up. Birendranath Sasmal and Prafulla Roy visits Tamluk.

1925 AD

   Gandhiji revisits in Medinipur.

1929 AD

   Agitation begins to abolish Choukidari Tax under the leadership of Birendra Nath Sasmal. Netaji Subhas Chandra Basu arrives in Medinipur.

1930 AD

   Salt Satyagraha begins. Killing of police officers by agitated mob in Daspur thana.

1931 AD

   Assassination of district Collector Mr. Peddy by Jyoti Jivan Ghosh and Bimal Dasgupta.

1932 AD

   District Collector Douglas is killed by Pradyot Bhattacharjee and Pravangshu Pal. Wide spread agitation in Sadar sub-division to abolish Choukidari tax.

1933 AD

   District Collector Burdge is assassinated by Anath Bandhu Panja and Mrigendranath Dutta.

1934 AD

   Large scale earth quake in Sadar Sub-division. Concerted efforts made by the District Collector for improvement of Digha.

1937 AD

   Netaji Subhas Chandra Basu arrives at Tamluk. Vidyasager Memorial established at Birshingha village in Ghatal Sub-division.

1938 AD

   Netaji Subhas Chandra Basu arrives at Ghatal.

1942 AD

   Quit India agitation spreads rapidly in Medinipur. Matangini Hazra and other revolutionaries were killed. 

1945 AD

   Hindu-Muslim riots spread in Ghatal.

1947 AD

   Medinipur celebrates Indian independence. 

1948 AD

   Kharagpur College, Ashutosh Higher Secondary School(Daspur PS) and Rani Binod Manjari Girls’ School (Jhargram) established. 

1949 AD

   First college in Jhargram Sub-division.

1954 AD

   IIT, the first of its kind in India set up.

1955 AD

   Kharagpur Athletic Association Stadium set up and inauguration of Homeopathy College.

1957AD

   Polytechnic set up at Jhargram. Raja Nerendra Lal Khan Girls’ College established in Medinipur.

1959 AD

   Devastating floods in Daspur. Jawaharlal Nehru visits flood affected areas.

1960 AD

   Ghatal Panskura road constructed.

1961 AD

   Medinipur District Library set up. Dak Bungalow constructed at Goaltore.

1962 AD

   Primary Health Centre and Social Worker’s training centre set up at Belpahari. Kharagpur-I, II and Sankrail blocks created.

1963 AD

   Haldia Port and Oil Refinery establishment works begin.

1964 AD

   Two subsidiary Health Centres set up at Makrampur.

1973 AD

   Approval of setting up of Kolaghat Thermal Power Plant by Government of India.

1976 AD

   Scooter factory set up at Nimpura in Kharagpur. http://www.paschimmedinipur.gov.in/node/27