Pascual de Aragón

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Pascual de Aragón, archbishop of Toledo

Pascual de Aragón y Córdoba (1626 – 28 September 1677) was a Spanish nobleman and cleric. He served as Viceroy of Naples and as Archbishop of Toledo.

Born in Mataró, Province of Barcelona, as son of Enrique de Aragón Folc de Cardona y Córdoba, Aragón was ordained a priest in 1655. In 1661, aged thirty-five, he was created Cardinal-Priest of Sainte Balbine by Pope Alexander VII. However, he did not participate in the Conclaves held in his lifetime.

In 1664, King Philip IV of Spain appointed him Viceroy of Naples. In 1666, he was replaced by his brother, Pedro Antonio de Aragón, as he was called back to Spain to become Archbishop of Toledo. Aragon had enjoyed the patronage of the previous Archbishop, Baltasar Moscoso y Sandoval, and upon the latter's death in 1665 had been nominated to succeed him. He was installed in Toledo on 1 February 1666.

In 1665, King Philip IV had died as well, leaving the throne to his son Charles II, a weak four-year-old. Upon his appointment as Archbishop, Aragon became president of the Regency Council. When Queen Mariana of Austria promoted her confessor and former tutor, the Austrian Jesuit Juan Everardo Nithard to the position of General Inquisitor in 1666 and thus admitted him to the council, Archbishop Aragon was among those who antagonised him und in 1669 supported John of Austria's military pronunciamiento, which resulted in the Jesuit's dismissal.

The Archbishop died in 1677 and was buried in the Convent of the Purísima Concepción in Toledo.


Government offices
Preceded by
Gaspar de Bracamonte
Viceroy of Naples
Succeeded by
Pedro Antonio de Aragón
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Diego de Arce y Reinoso
Grand Inquisitor of Spain
Succeeded by
Juan Everardo Nithard