Pasha (Hinduism)

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Pasha (Pāśa), often translated as "noose" or "lasso", is a supernatural weapon depicted in Hindu iconography. Hindu deities such as Ganesha, Yama and Varuna are depicted with the pasha in their hands.

Pasha is a common attribute of Ganesha,[1] the Lord of obstacles; a pasha represents his power to bind and free obstacles. Yama, the god of death, uses the Pasha to extract a soul from a being's body at the time of death.[2] In sculpture, it is depicted as two or three bound into one or a double loop.[3]

The Sanskrit word "pasha" originally meant "knot" or "loop".[4] In general usage, the pasha is used to bind a foe's arms and legs or for hunting animals.[4][3] Pasha represents worldly attachment as well as power of a deity to capture and bind evil and ignorance.[1] Ananda Coomaraswamy explores the connection of pasha to worldly bonds.[4]

In the Shaiva Siddhanta school of Hinduism, pasha is part of the trinity Pati-pashu-pasha, meaning "Master, animal, tether", symbolizing God, man and world. Pati is God as Shiva, the patron god of the sect. Pashu is the soul or man. Pasha is the power by which Shiva leads souls to the Truth or the power of his maya (illusion) by which he entices "unenlightened" beings.[2][5]



  1. ^ a b Eva Rudy Jansen (1993). The Book of Hindu Imagery: Gods, Manifestations and Their Meaning. Binkey Kok Publications. ISBN 978-90-74597-07-4.
  2. ^ a b James G. Lochtefeld (2002). "Pasha". The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: N–Z. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 505. ISBN 978-0-8239-3180-4.
  3. ^ a b Rao, T. A. Gopinatha (1914). Elements of Hindu iconography. 1: Part I. Madras: Law Printing House. p. 8.
  4. ^ a b c René Guénon (2004). Symbols of Sacred Science. Sophia Perennis. pp. 328–330. ISBN 978-0-900588-77-8.
  5. ^ Subramuniya; Subramuniya (Master.) (2000). Loving Ganeśa: Hinduism's Endearing Elephant-faced God. Himalayan Academy Publications. p. 508. ISBN 978-1-934145-17-3.