Pasha Yiğit Bey

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Pasha Yiğit Bey
Born Principality of Saruhan
Died ca. 1413
Buried at Meddah mosque, Skopje
Allegiance  Ottoman Empire
Years of service ca. 1390–1413
Wars and campaigns Battle of Kosovo, capture of Skopje
Relations Isak Beg and Turahan Bey (sons)

Pasha Yiğit Bey or Saruhanli Pasha Yiğit Bey[1] (Bosnian: Pašait-beg, also Pasaythus or Basaitus d. 1413) was an Ottoman civil and military officer at the end of the 14th and beginning of the 15th century.

Life[edit]

He was born in Saruhan. Yiğit was the tutor of Isak-Beg, the second ruler of Skopsko Krajište,[2] and the father of Turahan Bey[3] an Ottoman general, conqueror of Thessaly and warden of its marches. Sultan granted large land estates to Pasha Yiğit Bey and to Isak-Beg for their merits.[4]

He died in Skopje, and was buried in the yard of the notable Meddah mosque.[5] The mosque and türbe were destroyed during World War II.[6]

Military career[edit]

Pasha Yiğit Bey was one of the Ottoman commanders in the Battle of Kosovo in 1389.[7] In 1390 the Ottomans populated parts of Macedonia (in modern-day northern Greece) with Yürüks from Saruhan who were probably related to Yiğit Bey.[8] Since Pasha Yiğit Bey was also of Yürük nomadic tribal origin (from Saruhan) he also settled in the same borderland (Turkish: uc) and was appointed as a leader of his troublesome fellow tribesmen.[9] In 1392 Pasha Yiğit Bey led the army that took Skopje (Turkish: Üsküp), thus he was named the conqueror of Skopje by the Ottoman Empire.[10]

Pasha Yiğit Bey became the first lord (Turkish: uc-beyi) of the Skopsko Krajište, the borderland province of Ottoman Empire, and served for 21 years, from 1392 to 1413.[11] In spring of 1390, after the Battle of Kosovo, Yiğit was sent by Sultan Bayazid to invade Bosnia which he did, undertaking two campaigns.[12][13][14] Pasha Yiğit Bey managed to capture Đurađ II Balšić in a battle and released him after the ransom was paid.[15]

Family tree[edit]

After Franz Babinger in the Encyclopedia of Islam:[16]

 
 
 
 
Pasha Yiğit Bey
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ishak Bey
 
 
 
 
Turahan Bey
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Isa Bey Isaković
 
Ahmed Bey
 
 
Ömer Bey
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hasan Bey
 
 
Idris Bey
 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dominik Mandić (1978). Sabrana djela Dr. O. Dominika Mandića: Bosna i Hercegovina: povjesno kritička istraživanja. Ziral. p. 152. Retrieved 26 July 2013. Saruhanli paša Jigit-beg 
  2. ^ Владимир Бабић (1960). Историја народа Југославије. Просвета. p. 48. Retrieved 26 January 2013. 
  3. ^ Babinger (1987), p. 876
  4. ^ Ljubiša Doklestić (1964). Kroz historiju Makedonije: izabrani izvori. Školska knj. p. 54. Retrieved 26 July 2013. ... paSa Jigit-beg i njegov nasljednik Ishak-beg, dobili velike zem- ljisne posjede. 
  5. ^ Evliya Çelebi; Hazim Šabanović (1996). Putopisi: odlomci o jugoslovenskim zemljama. Sarajevo-Publishing. p. 280. Retrieved 26 July 2013. Paša Jigit-beg je umro u Skoplju i sahranjen je u posebnom turbetu u dvorištu Meddah-džamije. 
  6. ^ MacHiel Kiel (1990). Studies on the Ottoman Architecture of the Balkans. Variorum Publishing Group. p. 136. ISBN 978-0-86078-276-6. Retrieved 26 July 2013. The mosque and turbe of the ancestor of the family, Pasha Yigit Bey, was destroyed during the Second World War. 
  7. ^ Evliya Çelebi; Hazim Šabanović (1996). Putopisi: odlomci o jugoslovenskim zemljama. Sarajevo-Publishing. p. 280. Retrieved 26 July 2013. Paša Jigit- -beg, koji se prvi put pominje kao jedan između turskih komandanata u kosovskoj bici. 
  8. ^ Apostolos Euangelou Vakalopoulos (1970). Origins of the Greek nation: the Byzantine period, 1204-1461. Rutgers University Press. p. 163. Retrieved 24 September 2013. These were probably kin to the warlord Pasha Yigit Bey, father of Turahan Bey of Thessaly, and were probably also moved there from Saruhan. 
  9. ^ Halil İnalcık (1978). The Ottoman Empire: Conquest, Organization and Economy. Variorum Reprints. pp. 119, 125. ISBN 978-0-86078-032-8. Retrieved 24 September 2013. Considering also the fact that « the Turkish emigrants from Anatolia who accompanied Evrenos Bey and Turahan Bey » (x), as well as the men led by the famous uc-beyi of Uskiip, Pasha-yigit Bey, who had been transferred to Uskiip at the 
  10. ^ Babinger 1993, p. 876.
  11. ^ Öztuna, Yılmaz (2005). Devletler ve hânedanlar: Türkiye : 1074 - 1990. Kültür Bakanlığı. p. 802. Manisalı Paşa Yiğit Bey (ölm. Üsküb 1413), Üsküb fâtihi ve ilk s.b. 6.1.1392 - 1413 = 21, med. Üsküb. 
  12. ^ Mustafa Spahić (1996). Povijest Islama. Borac. p. 564. Retrieved 26 July 2013. Poslije kosovske bitke 1389. godine šalje Bajezid i jigit pašu sa vojskom na Bosnu. 
  13. ^ Mehmed H. Handžić (1940). Islamizacija Bosne i Hercegovine i porijeklo bosansko-hercegovačkih muslimana. Islamska dionička štamparija. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  14. ^ Zagreb (Croatia). Leksikografski zavod FNRJ.; Ivo Cecić; Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod; Igor Gostl (1955). Enciklopedija Jugoslavije. Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod. p. 420. Retrieved 26 July 2013. Istovremeno je Pasa Jigit provalio u dva maha u Bosnu 
  15. ^ Anto Babić; Bogo Grafenauer (1953). Historija naroda Jugoslavije. Skolska knjiga. p. 492. Retrieved 26 July 2013. U jednom sukobu s Turcima Đurđa je zarobio skopski sandžak-beg Paša Jigit, a Radič Crnojević je tada zauzeo okolinu Kotora i proglasio se »gospodarem Zete, Budve i t. d.« Đurađ je uspio da se iskupi iz... 
  16. ^ Babinger (1987), p. 877

Sources[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Skopski Isakovici i Paşa-jigit beg, GSND XI. (1932)
New title Ottoman governor of the Üsküb frontier
1392–1415
Succeeded by
Ishak Bey