Pashhur

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Pashur or Pashhur (Hebrew: פשחור pash-hur) was the name of at least two priests contemporary with the prophet Jeremiah and who are mentioned in the Book of Jeremiah.[1] The name is of Egyptian origin, Pš-Ḥr.[2]

Pashur ben Immer[edit]

Pashur the son of Immer (possibly the same as Amariah, Nehemiah 10:3; 12:2), was deputy chief priest (paqid nagid[3]) of the temple (Jeremiah 20:1, 2). (At this time, the nagid, or "governor", of the temple would have been Seraiah - 1 Chronicles 6:14). Apparently enraged at the plainness with which Jeremiah uttered his solemn warnings of coming judgements because of the abounding iniquity of the times, Pashur "smote Jeremiah the prophet"[4] (this could mean that he ordered the temple police to seize him and inflict the corporal punishment of up to forty stripes found in Deuteronomy 25:3); then he placed him in the stocks in the high gate of Benjamin, where he remained all night.

Upon being set free in the morning, Jeremiah went to Pashur (Jeremiah 20:3) and announced to him that God had changed his name to "magor misabib";,[5] i.e., "terror on every side", and that he would be later carried captive to Babylon and die there (Jeremiah 20:6).[6]

Pashur ben Malchiah[edit]

Pashur, the son of Malchiah, was another priest, who was sent by king Zedekiah to Jeremiah to inquire of the Lord regarding the impending attack of King Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon (Jeremiah 21:1). In Jeremiah 38:1-6, this Pashur was also one of four men who advised Zedekiah to put Jeremiah to death for his prophecies of doom but who ended up throwing him into a cistern.

Gedaliah ben Pashur[edit]

Pashur the father of Gedaliah (Jeremiah 38:1), possibly the same Pashur as (1) above. Gedaliah was another of the four men who threw Jeremiah into the cistern.

Historicity[edit]

The pottery shards of the Tel Arad ostraca unearthed in the 1970s written in Paleo-Hebrew mention Pashur (Jeremiah 20:1),[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "www.Bibler.org - Dictionary - Pashur". 2012-09-29. Archived from the original on 2013-06-20. Retrieved 2012-09-29.
  2. ^ Wilhelm Spiegelberg (1899), referenced in The Interpreter's Bible, Volume V, p. 970
  3. ^ Greek Text Analysis: Jeremiah 20:1. Biblehub
  4. ^ Jeremiah 20:2 KJV
  5. ^ Greek Text Analysis: Jeremiah 20:3. Biblehub
  6. ^ Coogan 2007, pp. 1109-1110 Hebrew Bible.
  7. ^ "Arad-Canaanite city and Israelite citadel in the Negev - Site No. 6". Israeli Foreign Ministry. Nov 2000. Retrieved 2019-07-08.

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainEaston, Matthew George (1897). Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons. Missing or empty |title= (help)