Pasir Ris

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Pasir Ris
Other transcription(s)
 • Chinese巴西立/白沙
Bāxīlì/Báishā (Pinyin)
Pa-se-li̍p/Pe̍h-soa (Hokkien POJ)
 • MalayPasir Ris (Rumi)
ڤاسير ريس(Jawi)
 • Tamilபாசிர் ரிஸ்
Pācir ris (Transliteration)
Pasir Ris HDB 8.JPG
PasirRisEliasCC.JPG
Singapur Strand.JPG
From top left to right: HDB flats in Pasir Ris, Pasir Ris Elias Community Club, Pasir Ris Park
Pasir Ris is located in Singapore
Pasir Ris
Pasir Ris
Location of Pasir Ris within Singapore
Coordinates: 1°22′19.54″N 103°56′50.54″E / 1.3720944°N 103.9473722°E / 1.3720944; 103.9473722
Country Singapore
RegionEast Region
CDC
Town council
  • Pasir Ris-Punggol Town Council
Constituency
Government
 • MayorNorth East CDC
 • Members of ParliamentPasir Ris-Punggol GRC
Area
 • Total15.02 km2 (5.80 sq mi)
 • Residential3.18 km2 (1.23 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[1][2][3]
 • Total148,020
 • Density9,900/km2 (26,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Official
  • Pasir Ris resident

Colloquial

  • Pasirian
  • Pasir Risan
  • Pasir Risian
Postal districts
17, 18
Dwelling units29,207
Projected ultimate44,000

Pasir Ris is a planning area and residential town located in the East Region of Singapore. It is bordered by Tampines and Paya Lebar to the south, Sengkang to the southwest and Changi to the east. The planning area also shares riverine boundary with Punggol to the west, separated by the Serangoon River, as well as having a maritime boundary with the North-Eastern Islands planning area, across the Straits of Johor.[4]

Like other new towns, public transport facilities were factored into the development of Pasir Ris. Pasir Ris is easily accessible via bus services at Pasir Ris Bus Interchange and the Mass Rapid Transit at Pasir Ris MRT station. Today, landmarks in the area include the NTUC Pasir Ris Resort (renamed Downtown East), Pasir Ris Beach Park and White Sands Shopping Mall.

Etymology[edit]

The first reference to a village of Pasir Ris, Passier Reis (or Passier Rice), appeared in early 1800s. The second part of the city name, Ris, in Malay, means bolt rope.[5] Pasir Ris may also mean "white sand" in Malay.[6] Pasir Ris Town is named after the long stretch of sandy white beach along the north-east coastline of Singapore, facing Pulau Ubin.[7]

History[edit]

Pasir Ris was originally a low lying, undeveloped area with Malay kampongs like Kampong Pasir Ris, Kampong Bahru and Kampong Loyang Besar, and the various Chinese kampongs along Elias Road. The area was well known for its many plantation estates including the Singapore United Plantations, Loh Lam Estate, Hun Yeang and Thai Min Estates. The beach was a popular resort for water skiing in the 1950s. There was also the Pasir Ris Hotel, venue of many memorable parties and picnic gatherings in the 1950s, 1960s and early 1970s.[8]

The development of Pasir Ris Town began in 1983 with Phase 1 being an Elias Road/Pasir Ris Estate, followed by Loyang N1 and N2 by 1989–90, N4 from 1992 to 1993, N5 from 1995 and N6 in 1997 together with N7.[citation needed] Pasir Ris Neighbourhood 8 will begin construction after the announcement of Elias MRT station in 2021, of which MINDEF is giving up the land. Today, White Sands Shopping Centre, located next to Pasir Ris MRT station, embodies the local place name.

Geography[edit]

Sungei Api Api in a suburb of Pasir Ris

Loyang Industrial Estate encompasses of three subzones, Loyang West, Loyang East and Flora Drive. The Town of Pasir Ris contains within it, four subzones, Pasir Ris Central, Pasir Ris West, Pasir Ris Drive and Pasir Ris Park. Although Pasir Ris Wafer Fabrication Park is not a part of the Loyang Industrial Estate, it still functions as its own individual subzone nonetheless. In total, the entire planning area has eight subzones.[4]

Pasir Ris has some hills less than 40 metres in height. Since 2014, these hills have been flattened to make way for upcoming residential development.

Political Boundaries[edit]

Pasir Ris comes politically under the Pasir Ris-Punggol Group Representation Constituency since 2001 and Pasir Ris Group Representation Constituency from 1997 to 2001. After the general election in 2001, a large part of the former Pasir Ris Central Division and the Pasir Ris-Loyang Division came together as Pasir Ris East with Mohamed Sharael Taha as the Member of Parliament (MP) since 2020.

Pasir Ris West consists of Elias housing estate and the western area of Pasir Ris and its Member of Parliament being Senior Minister and Co-ordinating Minister for National Security Teo Chee Hean. In conjunction with the expansion of Pasir Ris-Punggol Group Representation Constituency (GRC), a Community Club scaling six storeys high, was built in Pasir Ris East. In October 2004, Pasir Ris West also saw the completion of Pasir Ris Elias Community Club.

Portions of the Pasir Ris West (notably White Sands and Pasir Ris Park) were also carved ahead of the 2020 elections and formed the Pasir Ris Central division, in which Desmond Tan was the MP.[9]

Architecture[edit]

The architecture of Housing and Development Board (HDB) blocks in Pasir Ris is inspired by the nearby beach and sea elements.[7] This can be seen in the lighthouse-shaped turrets formed by columns of balconies, void deck and precinct boundary walls with porthole-shaped openings, and windows/balconies framed within clam-shaped openings.[10]

Amenities[edit]

Recreation[edit]

Pasir Ris Beach
Pasir Ris beach park
Pasir Ris beach park

In proximity to the sea, Pasir Ris has several recreation areas such as the NTUC Downtown East, chalets, Wild Wild Wet, a park for pets and pet owners and Pasir Ris Park. There is also another park by the name of Pasir Ris Town Park, close to where White Sands Shopping Mall is located. The park sports a park connector, a playground, an eatery and a fishing pond.[11] However, a section of the park has been removed to build the Pasir Ris Central Hawker Center and Pasir Ris Sports Centre with facilities such as swimming pools, a sports hall to be used mainly for badminton, a street soccer court, and also a gym.

Downtown East[edit]

As Singapore's premier and largest lifestyle and recreational hubs, Downtown East is a one-stop leisure, lifestyle, and dining destination for the public to enjoy a wide variety of entertainment options at affordable prices. Downtown East currently comprises D'Resort, Wild Wild Wet, Market Square (E!Avenue and E!Hub), and MUCE (Membership & Union Community Engagement).[12]

E!Hub, a four-storey shopping and entertainment complex with a cinema, was completed in 2008. The site was previously a bowling alley building. As of 2019, the Orchid Bowl bowling alley in E!Hub has been closed to expand the retail floor of the complex.[13]

Aside from Wild Wild Wet, the area previously had another theme park, Escape Theme Park, which opened in 2000. However, it ceased operations in 2011 to make way for the expansion of Wild Wild Wet and Singapore's first nature-inspired resort - D'Resort. Other than Escape Theme Park, Costa Sands Resort (Downtown East) also ceased operations after 25 years to make way for the expansion.[14]

Lorong Halus Wetland[edit]

Formally a sewage disposal centre and landfill, the Public Utilities Board (PUB) converted a portion of the site into a wetland in 2011 in tandem with the construction of the Serangoon Reservoir. The Lorong Halus Wetland is located along the eastern bank of the reservoir and acts as a "facility" by collecting and treating water passing through the former landfill, preventing it from flowing into the clean reservoir, therefore helping to safeguard the quality of the water in the reservoir.[15][16]

The wetland is a favourite bird-watching spot in the eastern side of Singapore, where there are guided walks for participants to bird-watch while discovering the relationship between clean water and a thriving wildlife.[15] The "Instagram-famous" Lorong Halus Red Bridge is also located in the area, linking the wetland to the Punggol Waterway in Punggol, across the Serangoon River.

Industry[edit]

Pasir Ris is also part of the Jurong Town Corporation's plan to develop wafer fabrication facilities in Singapore. The other two locations are Tampines and Woodlands. Presently, there are two major wafer fabrication parks in Pasir Ris. Companies situated there include United Microelectronics Corporation and SSMC.[17]

Education[edit]

As of 2019, the area has a total of 6 primary schools, 4 secondary schools and Tampines Meridian Junior College.[18] As part of a rationalisation exercise, Coral Primary School merged with White Sands Primary School in 2019, while Loyang Primary School merged with Casuarina Primary School in the same year.[19] Three secondary schools, Coral Secondary School, Greenview Secondary School, and Siglap Secondary School were closed down and merged with existing schools as a result of a rationalisation exercise since March 2016.[20] There is one international school, Overseas Family School.[21]

Primary Schools[edit]

  • Casuarina Primary School
  • Elias Park Primary School
  • Meridian Primary School
  • Park View Primary School
  • Pasir Ris Primary School
  • White Sands Primary School

Secondary Schools[edit]

Tertiary Institutions[edit]

International Schools[edit]

Defunct Schools[edit]

Places of Worship[edit]

As of 2019, the area has one Buddhist temple, one Catholic church, one mosque and four churches of other Christian denominations.

Churches[edit]

  • Bethesda Pasir Ris Mission Church
  • Carmel Presby Church
  • Church of the Divine Mercy
  • Riverlife Church
  • Shalom Bible-Presbyterian Church

Temple[edit]

  • Sakya Tenphel Ling Temple

Mosque[edit]

  • Masjid Al-istighfar

Commercial Services[edit]

Pasir Ris hawker center

As of 2020, the area has three shopping malls and three neighbourhood plazas; White Sands Shopping Mall, NTUC Downtown East, Loyang Point, Pasir Ris Drive 6 Neighbourhood Centre, Elias Mall and Pasir Ris West Plaza. In addition, there are two community centres, Pasir Ris East and Pasir Ris Elias (Pasir Ris West).

Pasir Ris Central Hawker Center, which opened in January 2018, has 42 stalls and is the home-ground of traditional street food and hipster kitchens.[22]

Transportation[edit]

Road Network[edit]

The Tampines Expressway (TPE), which borders the area at the south, and arterial roads allows for easy movement within the town and link it to other parts of the country. There are two major roads in the area, namely Pasir Ris Drive 1 and Pasir Ris Drive 3, which cuts across the entire town with several bus services plying along the two roads.

To provide ease of access for residents travelling between Pasir Ris and Punggol, Pasir Ris Industrial Drive 1 was extended in end-2019 to link up with the interchange expansion between the Kallang-Paya Lebar Expressway (KPE) and Tampines Expressway (TPE). This new link road provides an additional and more direct route between the two towns and helps to ease traffic flow on the TPE.[23]

Mass Rapid Transit[edit]

There is currently one MRT station, Pasir Ris MRT Station, serving the planning area across one line, East West line. By 2029, as part of the Cross Island line Phase 1, Pasir Ris MRT Station will be an interchange with the Cross Island Line. The town will also see the addition of two new stations: Loyang and Pasir Ris East, as part of the Cross Island Line Phase 1.[24]

As part of the Cross Island Line Punggol Extension, Pasir Ris MRT Station will also be the terminus for the extension when completed by 2031. As part of the extension, the town will also see the addition of one new station: Elias.[24]

Bus[edit]

Bus Interchange[edit]

The planning area has one bus interchange, Pasir Ris Bus Interchange, serving the residents. The interchange has also been utilised as a shuttle pick-up/drop-off point for NSmen undergoing military training on Pulau Tekong. It is currently operated by Go-Ahead Singapore as part of the Loyang Bus Package under the Bus Contracting Model (BCM).

As part of the Remaking Our Heartland 3 (ROH3) plans, the current bus interchange will be demolished and replaced with an interim interchange by 2021 to allow works for the integrated development in the town centre. A new air-conditioned bus interchange will be integrated within the development once completed by 2027.[25]

Bus services operating from the interchange are as follow:

Name Services
Pasir Ris Bus Interchange 3, 5, 6, 12, 12e, 15, 15A, 17, 21, 58, 58B, 68, 88, 354, 358, 359, 403, 518, 518A

Bus Depot[edit]

As part of the Bus Contracting Model (BCM), Loyang Bus Depot is built to house the operations of the Loyang Bus Package. The depot is currently operated by Go-Ahead Singapore and houses a total of 30 bus services mainly from Pasir Ris Bus Interchange and Punggol Bus Interchange, and a select few from Changi Village Bus Terminal and Changi Airport PTB2 Bus Terminal.[26][27]

Bus services housed in the depot are as follow:

Interchange/Terminal Services
Pasir Ris Bus Interchange 6, 12, 12e, 15, 17, 68, 354, 358, 359, 403, 518, 518A
Punggol Bus Interchange 3, 34, 43, 43e, 43M, 62, 82, 83, 84, 85, 118, 119, 136, 381, 382, 386
Changi Village Bus Terminal 2
Changi Airport PTB2 Bus Terminal 36

Remaking Our Heartland 3 (ROH3)[edit]

As part of the Remaking Our Heartland 3 (ROH3) plans, the town will be rejuvenated and envisioned to be 'Our Urban Sanctuary' within the next five to ten years. The plans will focus on four key areas: Giving a new lease of life to the Town Centre, rejuvenating park spaces and creating homes close to parks, activating new spaces for the community, and enhancing the walking and cycling experience within the town.[28]

A 1.2km 'Central Greenway' will run from Pasir Ris Park, through the town centre, and end near the Tampines Expressway where the existing Build-To-Order (BTO) Costa Ris is. Approximately 500m will be elevated above ground, with ramps connecting it to the ground level, without having to stop and wait at the traffic lights. On top of pedestrian walkways, the 'Central Greenway' will also feature bicycle paths for cyclists. This will be a feature unique only to Pasir Ris and make Pasir Ris Park even more readily accessible.[25]

The Housing and Development Board (HDB) plans to develop 2,000 public housing units adjacent to the Pasir Ris Park, offering views of the park and Sungei Api Api.[25] The first batch of flats have been released for sale as part of the August 2020 BTO exercise. The development is named Costa Grove and offers a total of 1,070 units, housed in nine residential blocks with varying heights from nine to eighteen storeys.[29]

Upgrading works for the existing four neighbourhood centres will also be carried out as well as improvements in the neighbourhood parks with more amenities such as new playgrounds, sheltered linkways, and fitness corners. The neighbourhood centres up for upgrading are Loyang Point, Elias Mall, Pasir Ris West Plaza, and Neighbourhood 4 NC.[25]

A new town centre is also in the plans where there will be a mixed development in the area, comprising residential, retail, and food and beverage outlets. This development will also be integrated with the new Pasir Ris Bus Interchange, where it will be equipped with a dedicated pick-up and drop-off point for full-time NSmen undergoing military training on Pulau Tekong.[25] Other than a bus interchange, the integrated development will also house a polyclinic and a town plaza, serving as a community focal point for the town. The site has been awarded to a joint venture between Allgreen Properties and Kerry Properties, with 'The Ryse Residences' as the working project name for the residential component of the development.[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Pasir Ris (Planning Area, Singapore) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location". www.citypopulation.de.
  2. ^ a b "FlipViewer Xpress". www10.hdb.gov.sg. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  3. ^ "Statistics Singapore - Geographic Distribution - 2018 Latest Data". Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Population Trends 2017" (PDF). Population Trends. Ministry of Trade and Industry. ISSN 1793-2424.
  5. ^ Ng Yew Peng (2018). Tay Yu Shan (ed.). What's In The Name? How The Streets And Villages In Singapore Got Their Names. World Scientific. ISBN 978-981-32-2139-0. OCLC 990571127.
  6. ^ Pasir Ris Retrieved 2018-07-09.
  7. ^ a b "Pasir Ris". Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  8. ^ "Pasir Ris | Infopedia". Eresources.nlb.gov.sg. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
  9. ^ "PASIR RIS - PUNGGOL GRC". People's Action Party. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  10. ^ "Pasir Ris Heritage Trail - Come Explore Singapore's Coastal Paradise". ArdorAsia - Best Places To Visit In Asia. 27 December 2019. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  11. ^ "Pasir Ris Fishing Pond (Singapore) - 2019 All You Need to Know BEFORE You Go (with Photos)". TripAdvisor. Retrieved 23 December 2019.
  12. ^ "About Us". Default. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  13. ^ "Orchid Bowl | Another Leisure and Lifestyle Choice by NTUC Club". www.orchidbowl.com.sg. Retrieved 23 December 2019.
  14. ^ "D'RESORT @ DOWNTOWN EAST". www.ntucclub.com. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  15. ^ a b PUB. "PUB, Singapore's National Water Agency". PUB, Singapore's National Water Agency. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  16. ^ "Lorong Halus Wetland". www.roots.sg. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  17. ^ "JTC | Wafer Fab & Advanced Display Parks". www.jtc.gov.sg. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  18. ^ "School Information Service (SIS)". sis.moe.gov.sg.
  19. ^ "Names of primary and secondary schools merging in 2019 announced". CNA. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  20. ^ Yuen, Sin (4 March 2016). "Ministry of Education to merge 22 secondary schools into 11 schools by 2018". The Straits Times. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  21. ^ Chua, Grace (1 October 2013). "Pasir Ris international school design tweaked after residents' objections". The Straits Times. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  22. ^ Raffaella, Nathan Charles (26 January 2018). "'Hipster' hawker centre opens in Pasir Ris". The Straits Times. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  23. ^ Ang, Prisca (31 October 2019). "New road between Pasir Ris and Punggol towns to open on Nov 17". The Straits Times. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  24. ^ a b "LTA | Upcoming Projects | Rail Expansion | Cross Island Line". www.lta.gov.sg. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  25. ^ a b c d e Tan, Audrey (29 April 2017). "Sun, sand, sea: Resort living in Pasir Ris under HDB rejuvenation plans". The Straits Times. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  26. ^ "About Us — Go-Ahead Singapore : Go-Ahead Singapore English". www.go-aheadsingapore.com. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  27. ^ "Our Services : Go-Ahead Singapore English". www.go-aheadsingapore.com. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  28. ^ "Pasir Ris | HDB InfoWEB". www20.hdb.gov.sg. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  29. ^ "HDB launches more than 7,800 BTO flats, including first batch near Tengah car-free town centre". CNA. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  30. ^ "Pasir Ris white site clinched by Allgreen Properties, Kerry Properties tie-up". The Straits Times. 24 March 2019. Retrieved 14 August 2020.