Pasokification is a term which describes the decline of social-democratic political parties in Europe in the 2010s and the simultaneous rise of nationalist, left-wing and/or right wing populist alternatives.
The term originates from the Greek party PASOK which saw a declining share of the vote in national elections from 44% in 2009 to 5% in 2015 due to its handling of the Greek government-debt crisis. At the same time, Syriza saw a growth in vote share and influence.
Since then, it has been applied to similar declines for numerous other social democratic parties.
Pasokifikation may be seen in France by mid-2010s as in 2015 French regional elections the Socialist Party became third party by received number of votes during first round of these elections (up until then the party took either first or second place by received number of votes). This party lost most of the seats in the 2017 parliamentary elections and received just about 10 per cent of votes during first round of elections. The 2017 presidential election was also unprecedented as neither candidate for the two traditional "main" parties (PS and Les Republicains) continued to the runoff round.
The Scottish Labour Party held the majority of Scotland's Westminster seats from the 1964 general election until the 2015 general election, where the Scottish National Party won 56 of the 59 seats in 2015 and then 35 of the 59 seats at the 2017 general election.
The Hungarian Socialist Party lost significant support in 2010 and 2018 general elections (during latter falling from 29 to 16 seats), while the Hungarian Social Democratic Party did not elect any representative.
- "Jeremy Corbyn has defied his critics to become Labour’s best hope of survival".
- "How Greece's once-mighty Pasok party fell from grace".
- "Rose thou art sick".
- "Montebourg: «Le PS est sur la route du Pasok grec»".
- MacGuill, Dan. "Labour just had the worst election in its 104-year history". The Journal. Retrieved 5 August 2017.