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The decline of PASOK in the 2010s led to the term Pasokification.

Pasokification is a term which describes the decline of social-democratic political parties in Europe in the 2010s and the simultaneous rise of nationalist, left-wing and/or right wing populist alternatives.

The term originates from the Greek party PASOK which saw a declining share of the vote in national elections from 44% in 2009 to 5% in 2015 due to its handling of the Greek government-debt crisis.[1][2] At the same time, Syriza saw a growth in vote share and influence.[3]

Since then, it has been applied to similar declines for numerous other social democratic parties.


Pasokifikation may be seen in France by mid-2010s as in 2015 French regional elections the Socialist Party became third party by received number of votes during first round of these elections (up until then the party took either first or second place by received number of votes). This party lost most of the seats in the 2017 parliamentary elections and received just about 10 per cent of votes during first round of elections.[4] The 2017 presidential election was also unprecedented as neither candidate for the two traditional "main" parties (PS and Les Republicains) continued to the runoff round.


The Labour Party fell from 33 to 7 seats after the 2016 general election.[5]


The Labour Party in the Netherlands lost significant support in the 2017 general election with vote share falling from 25% (in the previous election) to 6%.

Czech Republic[edit]

The Czech Social Democratic Party lost significant support in the 2017 general elections, falling from 50 to 15 seats.


Italy's Democratic Party lost 227 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 65 seats in the Senate in the 2018 general election.

United Kingdom[edit]

The Scottish Labour Party held the majority of Scotland's Westminster seats from the 1964 general election until the 2015 general election, where the Scottish National Party won 56 of the 59 seats in 2015 and then 35 of the 59 seats at the 2017 general election.

The Labour Party has undergone an "internal Pasokification" under the Corbyn leadership which is typically considered more left-wing than the New Labour era.


The Hungarian Socialist Party lost significant support in 2010 and 2018 general elections (during latter falling from 29 to 16 seats), while the Hungarian Social Democratic Party did not elect any representative.