Pasqua Rosée opened the first coffeehouse in London in 1652. The coffeehouse was located in St. Michael's Alley, Cornhill. However, Rosee opened his very first coffee shop in Oxford, England in 1651.
Rosée was probably born into the ethnic Greek community in Ragusa in Sicily in the early seventeenth century. In 1651 a merchant named Daniel Edwards, a member of the Levant Company and a trader in Turkish goods, encountered Rosée at Smyrna in Anatolia, employed him as a manservant and brought him back to Britain.
Once there, Rosée set up the establishment, its sign a portrait of Rosée. In 1654, to circumvent resistance from local alehouse traders, he accepted Christoper Bowman as a business partner because he was a freeman of the city of London. Bowman had been the coachman of Alderman Thomas Hodges, Edwards' father-in-law.
- The Printer's Devil Project: The Coffee House
- A Albion Revisitada - By Luiz Carlos Soares - Page 226 - Google Books (Soares, Luiz Carlos. The Albion revisited: science, religion, illustration and commercialization of leisure in eighteenth-century England) (SOARES, Luiz Carlos. A Albion revisitada : ciência, religião, ilustração e comercialização do lazer na Inglaterra do século XVIII. Rio de Janeiro : 7Letras, 2007. 275 p.)
- Coffee House Tokens - Robert Thompson, London Numismatic Club, 3 October 2006
- Gately, Iain (2009). Drink: A Cultural History of Alcohol. New York: Gotham Books. p. 139. ISBN 978-1-592-40464-3.
- Pasqua Rosée - Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
- The World of Caffeine: The Science and Culture of the World's Most Popular Drug By Bennett Alan Weinberg, Bonnie K. Bealer
- British Muslim Heritage - The London Coffee House
- "The Vertue of the COFFEE Drink" - 1652 handbill, advertising St. Michael's Alley, the first coffee shop in London. It is held in the British Museum.
- Jamaica Wine House, in the alley just off Cornhill, at the church of St Michael, occupies the Pasqua Rosée Coffee House site